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Management and Screening of Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children: AUA Guideline Revised, 2010

Panel Members:

Consultants:

Craig A. Peters, M.D., Chair Steven J. Skoog, M.D., Vice-Chair

Mireya Diaz, Ph.D. Linda Whetter, D.V.M, Ph.D. Suzanne Pope, M.B.A.

Billy S. Arant, Jr., M.D. Hillary L. Copp, M.D. Jack S. Elder, M.D., Facilitator R. Guy Hudson, M.D. Antoine E. Khoury, M.D. Armando J. Lorenzo, M.D. Hans G. Pohl, M.D. Ellen Shapiro, M.D. Warren T. Snodgrass, M.D.

AUA Staff: Heddy Hubbard, Ph.D., M.P.H. Michael Folmer Cynthia Janus, M.L.S. Kadiatu Kebe Abid Khan, M.H.S. Marni Zuckerman, M.A.

VUR Guideline Summary

VUR Guideline Summary Contents Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................2 Initial Evaluation of the Child with VUR......................................................................................................4 Initial Management of the Child with VUR ..................................................................................................9 Follow-up Management of the Child with VUR ........................................................................................ 13 Interventions for the Child with Breakthrough UTI (BT-UTI) .................................................................. 15 Surgical treatment of VUR ......................................................................................................................... 17 Follow-up Management Following Resolution of VUR ............................................................................ 18 Screening for VUR in Siblings and Neonates with Prenatal Hydronephrosis ............................................ 20 Summary and Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 23 Conflict of Interest Disclosures .................................................................................................................. 27 AUA Guideline for Management and Screening of Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children .............. 28 References .................................................................................................................................................. 30

1 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Introduction In 1997, the American Urological Association (AUA) published the Guideline on the Management of Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children.1 Since that time there has been an expanding body of literature involving not only the evaluation and the management of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) but also the role of screening in its management. For this reason, the AUA appointed a Panel of experts to update the 1997 document and elected to expand its scope to include guidelines for the screening of siblings of children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and of neonates/infants with prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis. A literature search, review of the evidence, and data extraction from the relevant clinical studies and case series were performed. Extracted data underwent meta-analysis to determine the outcomes related to five topics: 1) management of children over one year of age with VUR; 2) evaluation and management of infants with VUR; 3) management of children with VUR and Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction (BBD); 4) screening of siblings and offspring of patients with VUR; and 5) screening of neonates and infants with prenatal hydronephrosis. This document summarizes the guideline statements derived from a meta-analysis. Additional chapters (1-5) provide a detailed summary of each of these topics.

From the evidence and expert opinion, the Panel drafted guideline statements. According to AUA nomenclature, these statements are graded with respect to the degree of flexibility in application. A "standard" is the most rigid treatment policy. A "recommendation" has significantly less rigidity and an "option" the least. These terms are defined as follows: 1.

Standard: A guideline statement is a standard if (1) the health outcomes of the alternative interventions are sufficiently well-known to permit meaningful decisions and 2 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

(2) there is virtual unanimity among panel members about which intervention is preferred. 2.

Recommendation: A guideline statement is a recommendation if (1) the health outcomes of the alternative interventions are sufficiently well-known to permit meaningful decisions and (2) an appreciable, but not unanimous majority of the panel members agrees on which intervention is preferred.

3.

Option: A guideline statement is an option if (1) the health outcomes of the interventions are not sufficiently well-known to permit meaningful decisions or (2) preferences are unknown or equivocal.

Although the development of a clinical guideline is often limited by the availability of quality data, which is notably true with respect to the VUR literature, recommendations can be based on general principles developed from a formal meta-analysis as well as experience and clinical judgment. These guidelines for management of VUR were based upon risk assessment, considering the probability for spontaneous resolution versus perceived risk for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and renal injury. In the absence of incontrovertible evidence of the advantage of one approach over another, the Panel has elected to include only three Standards in this document. Statements that have been designated as Recommendations are those for which the Panel determined there was sufficient evidence, even if not consistently of the highest quality or proven to the preferred degree of rigor, to advocate for a particular clinical approach. Statements designated as Options are those for which the Panel determined there was evidence of relatively equal strength and quality supporting more than one approach, with any approach being acceptable and justifiable. In the absence of definitive evidence, stronger guidelines cannot

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VUR Guideline Summary

appropriately be made and the final decisions regarding clinical care reside with the physician and family.

Initial Evaluation of the Child with VUR General evaluation Standard: VUR and urinary tract infections may detrimentally affect the overall health and renal function in affected children. Therefore, on initial presentation the child with VUR should undergo a careful general medical evaluation including measurement of height, weight, blood pressure and serum creatinine if bilateral renal abnormalities are found. [Based on Panel consensus]

Recommendation: Urinalysis for proteinuria and bacteriuria is recommended. If the urinalysis indicates infection, a urine culture and sensitivity is recommended. [Based on Panel consensus] Option: A baseline serum creatinine may be obtained to establish an estimate of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for future reference. [Based on Panel consensus]

Imaging procedures

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VUR Guideline Summary

Recommendation: Because VUR and urinary tract infection may affect renal structure and function, performing renal ultrasound to assess the upper urinary tract is recommended. [Based on Panel consensus]

Option: DMSA (technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid) renal imaging can be obtained to assess the status of the kidneys for scarring and function. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

DMSA (technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid) renal imaging can provide information regarding the degree of existing renal cortical abnormalities that may affect decision-making. In addition, DMSA imaging can serve as a baseline for future comparison. Although such information may be of use in management of any patient with VUR, those most likely to have scarring include patients with VUR grades III–V, younger children, those with an abnormal renal ultrasound study, and those with recurrent febrile UTIs.

Assessment of voiding patterns Bladder/bowel dysfunction (BBD), dysfunctional voiding, dysfunctional elimination syndrome and dysfunctional lower urinary tract symptoms refer to a common but poorly characterized complex of symptoms typically including urinary incontinence, dysuria, urinary tract infections (UTI), urinary frequency or infrequent voiding, and constipation. BBD is used to describe children with abnormal lower urinary tract symptoms of storage and/or emptying which include 5 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

lower urinary tract conditions such as overactive bladder and urge incontinence, voiding postponement, underactive bladder, and voiding dysfunction, and may also include abnormal bowel patterns including constipation and encopresis. The appropriate approach to the management of the child with VUR and BBD has not been defined, yet the child with this combination of conditions may be at greater risk of renal injury due to infection. The presence of untreated BBD can be shown to affect several aspects of VUR. The incidence of breakthrough UTI in children on continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (see below) is greater in those with BBD than in those without BBD. In children receiving CAP, resolution rates were 31% for those with BBD and 61% for those without BBD (Figure 1). Figure 1. Forest plots of reflux resolution among children receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (Concurrent/prior use of: *bladder training, †anticholinergics, ‡stool softeners) BBD

Overall Yeung

Yeung

*† ‡

Koff

Koff,

*‡

Schwab

Non-BBD

Overall

Schwab

Sjostrom

Sjostrom

*

Upadhyay

*†‡

Herndon

*†

Snodgrass

Snodgrass

*†

Willemsen

Willemsen

*‡

Lilje

0

20

40

60

80

100

Reflux resolution (per 100 infants)

0

20

40

60

80

100

Reflux resolution (per 100 infants)

In children treated with endoscopic surgery, resolution rates at initial follow-up were 50% for those with BBD and 89% for those without BBD (Figure 2). For children treated with open 6 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

surgery, the presence of BBD did not appear to alter surgical resolution rates, which were 97% in both groups (Figure 2).

7 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Figure 2: Forest plots of reflux resolution in children undergoing intervention with curative intent (open surgery or endoscopic)

Overall

Overall

Aboutaleb

Aboutaleb

Barroso

Barroso

Lavine

Lavine

Bomalaski

Bomalaski Non-BBD, Open

BBD, Open

0

20

40

60

80

100

0

20

40

60

80

100

60

80

100

Overall

Overall Aboutaleb

Aboutaleb

Capozza

Capozza

Lackgren

Lackgren

BBD, Endoscopy 0

20

Non-BBD, Endoscopy 40

60

80

Reflux resolution (per 100 children)

100

0

20

40

Reflux resolution (per 100 children)

Standard: Symptoms indicative of bladder/bowel dysfunction should be sought in the initial evaluation, including urinary frequency and urgency, prolonged voiding intervals, daytime wetting, perineal/penile pain, holding maneuvers (posturing to prevent wetting), and constipation/encopresis. [Based on Panel consensus]

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VUR Guideline Summary

Family and patient education Standard: Family and patient education regarding VUR should include a discussion of the rationale for treating VUR, the potential consequences of untreated VUR, the equivalency of certain treatment approaches, assessment of likely adherence with the care plan, determination of parental concerns and accommodation of parental preferences when treatment choices offer a similar risk-benefit balance. [Based on Panel consensus]

Initial Management of the Child with VUR The goals of management of the child with VUR are to 1) prevent recurring febrile UTIs; 2) prevent renal injury; and 3) minimize the morbidity of treatment and follow-up. Separate guidelines are provided for management of VUR for the child less than one year of age and for the child over one year. It should be noted that several recent publications have questioned the efficacy of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) in reducing recurrent UTI and by extension the importance of identifying VUR following urinary tract infection (UTI).2-5 Until recently, management of VUR without CAP was considered a deviation from standard care, limiting the available data to address questions concerning VUR health risks or the use of CAP. Future studies may identify patient subgroups most likely to benefit from VUR identification and treatment.

The child with VUR less than one year of age

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VUR Guideline Summary

Recommendation: Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for the child less than one year of age with VUR with a history of a febrile urinary tract infection. This approach is based on the greater morbidity from recurrent urinary tract infections found in this population. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Recommendation: In the absence of a history of febrile urinary tract infections, continuous antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for the child less than one year of age with VUR grades III–V who is identified through screening. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Option: In the absence of a history of febrile urinary tract infections, the child less than one year of age with VUR grades I–II who is identified through screening may be offered continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Option: Circumcision of the infant male with VUR may be considered based on an increased risk of urinary tract infections in boys who are not circumcised compared to those who are circumcised. Although there are insufficient data to evaluate the degree of this increased risk and its duration, parents need to be made aware of this association to permit informed decision-making.

10 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

[Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

The child with UTI and VUR more than one year of age Guidelines for management of VUR in the child more than one year of age are somewhat different from those for the child less than one year of age, reflecting several contributing elements that influence clinical outcomes. These include the greater likelihood of BBD, the lower probability of spontaneous resolution of VUR, lower risk of acute morbidity from febrile UTI and the greater ability of the child to verbally complain of symptoms to indicate acute infection. The management decision should be made with recognition of the clinical context, including the presence of BBD, patient age, VUR grade, the presence of scarring, and parental preferences. Given the individuality of each patient and their parental preferences, there can be no uniform guidelines of management.

Recommendation: If clinical evidence of bladder/bowl dysfunction is present (see “Initial evaluation of the child with VUR” above) treatment of bladder/bowel dysfunction is indicated, preferably before any surgical intervention for VUR is undertaken. There are insufficient data to recommend a specific treatment regimen for bladder/bowel dysfunction, but possible treatment options include behavioral therapy (see Glossary for description), biofeedback (appropriate for children more than age five), anticholinergic medications, alpha blockers, and treatment of constipation. Monitoring the response to bladder/bowel dysfunction treatment is recommended to determine whether treatment should be maintained or modified. 11 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

[Based on Panel consensus]

Recommendation: Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for the child with bladder/bowel dysfunction and VUR due to the increased risk of urinary tract infection while bladder/bowel dysfunction is present and being treated (Table 1). [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Option: Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis may be considered for the child over one year of age with a history of urinary tract infections and VUR in the absence of bladder/bowel dysfunction (Table 1). [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Option: Observational management without continuous antibiotic prophylaxis, with prompt initiation of antibiotic therapy for urinary tract infections, may be considered for the child with VUR in the absence of bladder/bowel dysfunction, recurrent febrile urinary tract infections, or renal cortical abnormalities (Table 1). While this approach is currently under investigation and therefore no firm recommendation can be made, preliminary data suggest that some groups of patients with VUR may do as well with this approach as with continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

12 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Table 1. Treatment of the child with VUR and UTI over one year of age. CAP

Observation

No BBD, recurrent febrile UTI, renal cortical abnormalities

option

option

BBD, recurrent febrile UTI, OR renal cortical abnormalities

recommended

not recommended

Option: Surgical intervention for VUR, including both open and endoscopic methods, may be used. Prospective randomized, controlled trials have shown a reduction in the occurrence of febrile urinary tract infections in patients who have undergone open surgical correction of VUR as compared to those receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Follow-up Management of the Child with VUR Ongoing monitoring of a child‟s overall health is necessary. Specific testing related to VUR will depend on the clinical situation and any factors described below that might indicate the potential for ongoing or progressive renal injury. These guidelines apply to all children, irrespective of age.

General follow-up

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VUR Guideline Summary

Recommendation: General evaluation, including monitoring of blood pressure, height, and weight is recommended annually. [Based on Panel consensus]

Recommendation: Urinalysis for proteinuria and bacteriuria is indicated annually, including a urine culture and sensitivity if the urinalysis is suggestive of infection. [Based on Panel consensus]

Imaging – cystography and ultrasonography Recommendation: Ultrasonography is recommended every 12 months to monitor renal growth and any parenchymal scarring. Voiding cystography (radionuclide cystogram or low-dose fluoroscopy, when available) is recommended between 12 and 24 months with longer intervals between follow-up studies in patients in whom evidence supports lower rates of spontaneous resolution (i.e. those with higher grades of VUR [grades III-V], bladder/bowel dysfunction, and older age). If an observational approach is being used, follow-up cystography becomes an option. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus] Option: Follow-up cystography may be done after one year of age in patients with VUR grades I–II; these patients tend to have a high rate of spontaneous resolution and boys have a low risk of recurrent urinary tract infection. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

14 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Option: A single normal voiding cystogram (i.e. no evidence of VUR) may serve to establish resolution. The clinical significance of grade I VUR, and the need for ongoing evaluation is undefined. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Imaging - DMSA Recommendation: DMSA imaging is recommended when a renal ultrasound is abnormal, when there is a greater concern for scarring (i.e. breakthrough urinary tract infection [BT-UTI; see Glossary for description], grade III-V VUR), or if there is an elevated serum creatinine. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus] Option: DMSA may be considered for follow-up of children with VUR to detect new renal scarring, especially after a febrile urinary tract infection. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Interventions for the Child with Breakthrough UTI (BT-UTI) When a febrile breakthrough UTI (BT-UTI) occurs in a child with VUR receiving CAP, consideration of alternative interventions is recommended. The occurrence of a febrile BT-UTI indicates a failure of therapy and raises the concern for renal injury. The clinical manifestations of BT-UTI may not be classic, particularly in the younger child in whom systemic symptoms may predominate. The specific alternative therapy should be determined based upon the individual risks to the patient, which include clinical factors such as reflux grade, degree of scarring and BBD. Therapy with curative intent, including open surgery, offers protection against febrile UTI, 15 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

but is obviously associated with morbidity; less morbid approaches, such as endoscopic injection therapy, may have lesser success in VUR resolution. In the absence of new renal cortical abnormalities, a change in the antibiotic used for prophylaxis may be effective. In any event, the occurrence of BT-UTI should signal the need for a re-evaluation of the efficacy of the ongoing treatment plan for the child. Recommendation: If symptomatic breakthrough urinary tract infection occurs (manifest by fever, dysuria, frequency, failure to thrive, or poor feeding), a change in therapy is recommended. If symptomatic breakthrough urinary tract infection occurs, the clinical scenario will guide the choice of treatment alternatives; this includes VUR grade, degree of renal scarring, if any, and evidence of abnormal voiding patterns (bladder/bowel dysfunction) that might contribute to urinary tract infection, as well as parental preferences. [Based on Panel consensus] Recommendation: It is recommended that patients receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis with a febrile breakthrough urinary tract infection be considered for open surgical ureteral reimplantation or endoscopic injection of bulking agents for intervention with curative intent. [Based on Panel consensus] Option: In patients receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis with a single febrile breakthrough urinary tract infection and no evidence of pre-existing or new renal cortical abnormalities, changing to an alternative antibiotic agent is an option prior to intervention with curative intent. [Based on Panel consensus]

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VUR Guideline Summary

Recommendation: In patients not receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis who develop a febrile urinary tract infection, initiation of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended. [Based on Panel consensus] Option: In patients not receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis who develop a non-febrile urinary tract infection, initiation of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis is an option in recognition of the fact that not all cases of pyelonephritis are associated with fever. [Based on Panel consensus]

Surgical treatment of VUR When intervention with the intention to cure VUR is being considered, open and endoscopic surgical techniques are available with differences in morbidity and success. The resolution rate per 100 children was 98.1 for open surgery (95% CI: 95.1, 99.1) and 83.0 for endoscopic therapy (95% CI: 69.1, 91.4) after a single injection of bulking agent. Data and clinical experience demonstrating the durability of endoscopic therapy for VUR are limited. Post-operative UTIs can occur with either approach and adequate comparative data are lacking. The incidence of post-operative UTI is strongly associated with the incidence of pre-operative UTI, and to the presence of BBD. The number of adverse events following endoscopic or open surgery for VUR was low. The overall postoperative obstruction rate calculated from 28 articles was 0.4 (95% CI: 0.2, 1.2) per 100 children. Option: Surgical intervention for VUR, including both open and endoscopic methods, may be used. Prospective randomized controlled trials have shown a reduction in the occurrence of febrile urinary tract infections in patients who have 17 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

undergone open surgical correction of VUR as compared to those receiving continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Postoperative imaging for patients receiving definitive interventions There were insufficient data to provide any specific recommendations with regard to the duration of follow-up following definitive interventions. The small but significant risk of post-procedural obstruction was the rationale for the follow-up standard. Standard: Following open surgical or endoscopic procedures for VUR, a renal ultrasound should be obtained to assess for obstruction. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus] Recommendation: Postoperative voiding cystography following endoscopic injection of bulking agents is recommended. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus] Option: Postoperative cystography may be performed following open ureteral reimplantation. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus]

Follow-up Management Following Resolution of VUR It is recommended that a plan be provided to the family/patient and the primary care physician regarding monitoring for the long-term potential issues related to VUR. This is of particular importance in patients with renal scarring prior to reflux resolution or in whom there is a recurrence of UTI after reflux resolution. While there are no data with which to assess a specific 18 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

follow-up program, the Panel‟s recommendations reflect the recognition that the long-term health impact of VUR and renal injury may be distant in time, difficult to accurately predict and subtle in clinical presentation. It is recognized that the incidence of serious health effects may be low, but increase with the length of follow-up. The presence of known renal injury is associated with higher risk of later effects. The recommendation for follow-up with somatic measures and blood pressure reflect routine recommended follow-up by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Option: Following the resolution of VUR, either spontaneously or by surgical intervention and if both kidneys are normal by ultrasound or DMSA scanning, general evaluation, including monitoring of blood pressure, height, and weight, and urinalysis for protein and urinary tract infection, annually through adolescence is an option. [Based on Panel consensus] Recommendation: Following the resolution of VUR, either spontaneously or by surgical intervention, general evaluation, including monitoring of blood pressure, height, and weight, and urinalysis for protein and urinary tract infection, is recommended annually through adolescence if either kidney is abnormal by ultrasound or DMSA scanning. [Based on Panel consensus]

Recommendation: With the occurrence of a febrile urinary tract infection following resolution or surgical treatment of VUR, evaluation for bladder/bowel dysfunction or recurrent VUR is recommended.

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VUR Guideline Summary

[Based on Panel consensus] Recommendation: It is recommended that the long-term concerns of hypertension (particularly during pregnancy), renal functional loss, recurrent urinary tract infection, and familial VUR in the child’s siblings and offspring be discussed with the family and communicated to the child at an appropriate age. [Based on Panel consensus]

Screening for VUR in Siblings and Neonates with Prenatal Hydronephrosis The prevalence of VUR is approximately 27% in siblings of children with VUR (see Chapter 5, table 1). The screening methods to detect VUR include voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) or radionuclide cystography. Some practitioners use renal ultrasonography to screen for renal abnormalities as a selection criterion for voiding cystography. The goal of screening for VUR in siblings or neonates with prenatally detected hydronephrosis is to identify clinically unapparent VUR in order to initiate preventative therapy, usually CAP. However, the value of CAP in preventing febrile UTI and renal damage in VUR is unproven. Therefore, recommendations for screening are limited by the uncertainty of any potential benefit gained by identifying VUR. Identification of VUR may be of some benefit by increasing the awareness of parents and health providers to the potentially increased risk of pyelonephritis and renal scarring.

Sibling screening Recommendation: In siblings of children with VUR, a voiding cystourethrogram or radionuclide cystogram is recommended if there is evidence of renal cortical abnormalities or renal size asymmetry on ultrasound or if there is a history of urinary tract infection in the sibling who has not been tested.

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VUR Guideline Summary

[Based on Panel consensus] Option: Given that the value of identifying and treating VUR is unproven, an observational approach without screening for VUR may be taken for siblings of children with VUR, with prompt treatment of any acute urinary tract infection and subsequent evaluation for VUR. [Based on Panel consensus] Option: Sibling screening of older children who are toilet trained may be offered, although the value of identification of VUR is undefined. [Based on Panel consensus]

Option: Ultrasound screening of the kidneys in the sibling of a child with VUR may be performed to identify significant renal scarring and to focus attention on the presence and potential further risk of VUR. [Based on Panel consensus] Option: Screening offspring of patients with VUR can be considered as similar to screening of siblings. [Based on Panel consensus]

Screening in the neonate with a history of prenatal hydronephrosis The presence of VUR in neonates with a history of prenatal hydronephrosis can be confirmed by performing a VCUG or radionuclide cystography. Based on the outcomes analysis (see Chapter 21 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

5), the incidence of VUR in neonates with prenatal hydronephrosis is approximately 16%. Females with a prenatal diagnosis of PNH had a significantly higher (p = 0.022), incidence of VUR compared to male infants. The distribution of VUR grade in neonates was similar to that of children who presented later in life; VUR grade was found to be grade III or greater in two thirds of patients, with renal abnormalities occurring in nearly 50% of those with grades IV-V. These considerations suggest that those with prenatal hydronephrosis are a group at increased risk for VUR and subsequent sequelae. The recommendation for VCUG in children with the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grade 3 and 4 hydronephrosis is based on the potential for bladder outlet obstruction being present as well as the risk of VUR.

Recommendation: Voiding cystourethrogram is recommended for children with high-grade ((Society of Fetal Urology grade 3 and 4) hydronephrosis, hydroureter or an abnormal bladder on ultrasound (late-term prenatal or postnatal), or who develop a urinary tract infection on observation. [Based on review of the data and Panel consensus] Option: An observational approach without screening for VUR, with prompt treatment of any urinary tract infection, may be taken for children with prenatally detected hydronephrosis ((Society of Fetal Urology grade 1 or 2), given the unproven value of identifying and treating VUR. It is also considered an option to perform a voiding cystourethrogram in these patients to screen for VUR. [Based on Panel consensus]

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VUR Guideline Summary

Summary and Conclusions This Guideline does not offer a simple formula for the care of children with VUR since the data were not sufficient to permit development of strict “standards of care” in many instances. However, certain findings from this meta-analysis can be used to guide the management of VUR. In particular, it was determined that VUR significantly increases the risk of developing renal scarring in the setting of acute pyelonephritis, with an odds ratio of 2.8 per patient and 3.7 per renal unit. Also, while resolution of VUR will reduce the incidence of febrile UTI, the overall incidence of UTI may remain unchanged. Recent studies have demonstrated that CAP has not been proven to reduce the incidence of febrile UTI in children with VUR.2-5 These results have challenged the core of current expectant therapy of VUR, yet the general applicability of these new findings remains uncertain. Very careful review of the strengths and limitations of these studies must be considered before broadly accepting this approach. However, these data do suggest that an observational approach to VUR with antibiotic therapy initiated on diagnosis of an acute UTI may be an option in selected children. The following provides a summary of the findings of the meta-analysis and relevant guideline statements. See Clinical Chapters 1–5 for the supporting data and a more complete discussion of each of these topics.

Management of VUR in the child over one year of age with no BBD On detection of VUR in the child over one year of age, it is recommended that the child be evaluated for evidence of renal disease and for symptoms suggestive of BBD. Children with higher grades of VUR (i.e. grades III to V) are at greater risk of having renal cortical abnormalities. DMSA scanning can be useful in identifying those with preexisting abnormalities. If CAP is used, reassessment of VUR by cystogram between 12 and 24 months after the prior 23 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

cystogram is recommended to determine when therapy can be stopped. This analysis, as well as the 1997 Guideline1, found that resolution rates are prolonged with higher grades of VUR. It is recommended, but not mandated, that BT-UTI prompt consideration of a change in approach, which might include varying the antibiotic used for CAP. Therapy with the intention to cure, including open or endoscopic surgery, is recommended for recurrent infections, new renal abnormalities determined by DMSA scanning, and parental preference. Endoscopic injection therapy for VUR is an option in the treatment of VUR. Success rates for open surgery are 98%, with few complications, compared to rates of 83% for endoscopic surgery; however, the higher success rates for open surgery are offset by the greater expense and the need for in-patient hospitalization. Postoperative UTIs can occur with either treatment, but are more likely to occur in patients with a prior history of frequent UTIs. Following surgery, an ultrasound to confirm absence of obstruction is a standard of care. While an infrequent occurrence, urinary obstruction may be “clinically silent” and have severe consequences that could be readily corrected. Cystography is a recommendation after endoscopic surgery and an option after open surgery. Following reflux resolution (surgically or spontaneously) it is recommended that a planned follow-up, including assessment for infection, renal abnormalities, and overall health, be continued through adolescence.

Management of the infant under one year of age with VUR Infants under one year of age may not show clinical evidence of pyelonephritis as clearly as older children and they may have a greater risk of infection-related morbidity. It is therefore recommended that CAP be used in these children until more definitive studies suggest otherwise. Reflux resolution occurs in about 50% of these children within 24 months.

Management of the child with VUR and BBD

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VUR Guideline Summary

Evidence supports the importance of BBD in the natural history and clinical outcomes of VUR; the presence of BBD has been shown to reduce the rates of reflux resolution and increase the incidence of UTI in patients managed with CAP, to reduce the cure rate of endoscopic therapy, and to increase the incidence of UTI after definitive reflux cure. It is therefore recommended that all children be evaluated for possible BBD based on clinical history. Although treatment regimens vary and there are no data supporting one approach over another, the Panel recommends treatment of BBD in the child with VUR as an integral part of reflux management.

Screening the siblings and offspring of patients with VUR The incidence of reflux in siblings of children with VUR is 27% and the incidence decreases with the age of the sibling. The incidence of renal cortical abnormalities depends on whether the sibling has a history of UTI. The incidence of reflux in the offspring of a patient with VUR is 35.7% (see Chapter 4). It is considered an option and not a recommendation to screen for VUR in siblings and offspring due to the fact that the health benefit of identifying VUR in these patients has not been proven. It is recommended that this information be shared with the family in order to permit an informed decision with the recognition that identifying and managing the VUR may or may not be a benefit to that child.

Screening infants with a history of prenatally detected hydronephrosis for VUR Infants with prenatally detected hydronephrosis have an incidence of VUR of 16.2% that is not predicted by the grade of hydronephrosis (see Chapter 5, figure 1); therefore, hydronephrosis grade cannot be used to select infants at risk for VUR. This analysis found no significant difference in incidence between sexes. The incidence of renal cortical abnormalities is much greater for children with grades III-V VUR. Again, there has been no demonstration of any health

25 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

benefit of screening for and identifying VUR in these infants. It is therefore a recommendation that families be informed of the potential risk and permitted to participate in the decision-making.

Conclusions It is becoming increasingly evident that identification of a child‟s individual risk factors should be taken into consideration when managing VUR. In recognizing that BBD is a major factor in UTI occurrence, reflux persistence and surgical outcomes, clinical management of BBD is a priority. Similarly, we can be more comfortable with a less intensive intervention in the child with a low risk of renal injury, i.e., those with no prior infections, healthy kidneys, normal voiding and a low-grade of VUR. This does not imply that observation is better, although it is a more appropriate option than previously considered. The clinician who is looking for a “recipe” to manage all children with VUR will be disappointed in this Guideline, but such a “cookbook” approach is what has produced much of the current confusion in the management of VUR. The evolution of VUR management will be guided by better selection of patients for different levels of therapy, a better understanding of the interaction of contributing factors such as BBD and the renal response to infection in VUR management, as well as incorporating family choices in care when medical options are not clearly different. Research efforts need to be intensified to develop a scientific basis for the selection of therapies; in addition, improvements in the VUR literature are needed to permit ongoing review and assessment of our progress.

26 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Conflict of Interest Disclosures All panel members completed Conflict of Interest disclosures. Those marked with (C) indicate that compensation was received; relationships designated by (U) indicate no compensation was received. Scientific Study or Trial: Jack S. Elder, QMed Scandinavia (U); Meeting Participant or Lecturer: Billy Arant, Novartis (C); Other: Jack S. Elder, FSC Laboratories (U); Investment Interest: Antoine E. Khoury, Covalon (U), Interface Biologics (U)

27 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

AUA Guideline for Management and Screening of Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children The supporting systematic literature review and the drafting of this document were conducted by the Pediatric Vesicoureteral Reflux Clinical Guidelines Panel (the Panel) created in 2006 by the American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. (AUA). The Practice Guidelines Committee (PGC) of the AUA selected the Panel chair and vice chair, who in turn appointed the additional Panel members with specific expertise in this disease. The mission of the Panel was to develop either analysis- or consensus-based recommendations, depending on the type of evidence available and Panel processes, to support optimal clinical practices in the management and screening of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children.

This document was submitted to approximately 75 urologists and other health care professionals for peer review. After revision of the document based upon the peer review comments, the guideline was submitted to and approved by the PGC and the Board of Directors of the AUA. Funding of the Panel and of the PGC was provided by the AUA, although Panel members received no remuneration for their work. Each member of the PGC and of the Panel furnished a current conflict of interest disclosure to the AUA. This document provides guidance only and does not establish a fixed set of rules or define the legal standard of care. As medical knowledge expands and technology advances, the guidelines may change. Today they represent not an absolute mandate but rather current proposals or recommendations for treatment under the specific conditions described. For all these reasons, the Guidelines do not preempt physician judgment in individual cases. Also, treating physicians must take into account variations in resources, and in patient tolerances, needs and preferences.

28 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

Conformance with the recommendations reflected in this document cannot guarantee a successful outcome. This document may also include information or recommendations about certain drug uses („off label‟) that are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), or about medications or substances not subject to the FDA approval process. AUA urges strict compliance with all government regulations and protocols for prescription and use of these substances. The physician is encouraged to carefully follow all available prescribing information about indications, contraindications, precautions and warnings. These guidelines are not intended to provide legal advice about use and misuse of these substances.

29 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

VUR Guideline Summary

References 1. Elder, J. S., Peters, C. A., Arant, B. S., Jr. et al.: Pediatric Vesicoureteral Reflux Guidelines Panel summary report on the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol 1997; 157: 1846.

2. Garin, E. H., Olavarria, F., Garcia Nieto, V. et al.: Clinical significance of primary vesicoureteral reflux and urinary antibiotic prophylaxis after acute pyelonephritis: a multicenter, randomized, controlled study. Pediatrics 2006; 117: 626.

3. Montini, G., Rigon, L., Zucchetta, P. et al.: Prophylaxis After First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection in Children? A Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled, Noninferiority Trial. Pediatrics 2008; 122: 1064.

4. Pennesi, M., Travan, L., Peratoner, L. et al.: Is antibiotic prophylaxis in children with vesicoureteral reflux effective in preventing pyelonephritis and renal scars? A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 2008; 121: e1489.

5. Roussey-Kesler, G., Gadjos, V., Idres, N. et al.: Antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children with low grade vesicoureteral reflux: results from a prospective randomized study. J Urol 2008; 179: 674.

30 Copyright © 2010 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.®

Appendix 1: Members of the 1997 Vesicoureteral Reflux Guideline panel 

Members:

Consultants

Jack S. Elder, MD (Chairman) Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Cleveland, Ohio

Steven H. Woolf, MD, MPH Methodologist Fairfax, Virginia

Craig Andrew Peters, MD (Panel Facilitator) Harvard University Medical School Children’s Hospital Boston, Massachusetts Billy S. Arant, Jr., MD T.C. Thompson Children’s Hospital Chattanooga, Tennessee David H. Ewalt, MD Children’s Medical Center of Dallas Dallas, Texas Charles E. Hawtrey, MD University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa

Vic Hasselblad, PhD Statistician Duke University Durham, North Carolina Gail J. Herzenberg, MPA Project Director Technical Resources International, Inc. Rockville, Maryland Michael D. Wong, MS Information Systems Director Technical Resources International, Inc. Rockville, Maryland Joan A. Saunders Writer/Editor Technical Resources International, Inc. Rockville, Maryland

Richard S. Hurwitz, MD Kaiser Permanente Medical Center Los Angeles, California Thomas S. Parrott, MD Emory University School of Medicine Atlanta, Georgia Howard M. Snyder, III, MD University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Robert A. Weiss, MD New York Medical College Valhalla, New York

© 2010 American Urological Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Not to be copied or distributed without permission

1

Appendix 2: Members of the 2010 Vesicoureteral Reflux Guideline panel 

Members:

Consultants

Craig A. Peters, MD, Chairman University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA

Suzanne Pope, MBA, Panel manager   Jessup, MD

Steven J. Skoog, MD, Vice Chair Doernbecher Children's Hospital OHSU Hospital and Clinics Portland, OR

 

Mireya Diaz, PhD, Methodologist Dearborn, MI

Billy S. Arant, Jr., MD Chattanooga, Tennessee Hillary L. Copp, MD University of California, San Francisco San Francisco, CA R. Guy Hudson, MD Swedish Pediatric Specialty Care Seattle, WA Jack S. Elder, MD Henry Ford Hospital Detroit, MI Antoine E. Khoury, MD University of California Irvine, CA Armando J. Lorenzo, MD Hospital for Sick Children Toronto, ON CANADA Hans G. Pohl, MD Children National Medical Center Washington, DC Ellen Shapiro, MD New York University Medical Center. New York, NY Warren T. Snodgrass, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, TX 75207

© 2010 American Urological Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Not to be copied or distributed without permission

2

Appendix A3: Article Status Report  Vesicoureteral Reflux Panel    Citations Retrieved Initial Literature search- October 2005 March 2006 References selected from Elder paper October 2006 References from Hollowell VUR2520 Peter's JPU Rev October-December 2006 Methodologist added articles missed in search July 2008 August 2008 Total Citations Retrieved & Reviewed Articles Reviewed and Selected for Extraction by Panel Initial Literature search- October 2005 March 2006 References selected from Elder paper October 2006 References from Hollowell VUR2520 Peter's JPU Rev October-December 2006 Methodologist added articles missed in search July 2008 August 2008 Total Articles selected for Extraction

Extraction Status as of February 5, 2007 Total Data Entered Accepted Rejected Total Extracted to date % Complete

Reasons for Rejection No relevant outcomes or complications data Cannot adequately separate stages Cannot interpret data to fit extraction form Insufficient treatment efficacy follow-up (must be ? 3 months) Doesn’t deal with treatment: Basic Science Epidemiology Other Other reason for exclusion: specify:

Number of articles 1,501 207 6 98 6 1 28 3 367 32 2,249

291 29 0 14 0 1 10 3 0 0 348

348 186 162 348 100.0%

Date range 12/1994-12/2005 1/1965-12/1994 8/2005 12/2005-9/2006 11/2006 12/2006 10/2006-12/2006 10/2005-6/2006 9/2006-7/2008

% Citations Retrieved 12.9% 1.3% 0.0% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 15.5%

% Extracted 100.0% 53.4% 46.6% 100.0%

% Citations Retrieved 15.5% 8.3% 7.2% 15.5%

Occurrences 41 11 12 3 20 1 8 66 162

Characteristics of Accepted Articles Study Design Medical record review Case Series/Report Controlled trial Review/policy Case-control study Cohort Study Meta-analysis Data base or surveillance Letter: Ref. Opinion or testimony Other: spec. NOT IDENTIFIED

Articles 51 36 10 1 0 46 0 0 0 0 2 42 188

 

© 2010 American Urological Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Not to be copied or distributed without permission.

3

A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # «Ref_Number»

VUR – Topics 1, 2 3, and 5 Cover Sheets Citation: «Authors», «Title», «Journal», «Year», «Date», «Volume», «A_Pages»

Extractor A:

«Extractor1_Initials»

Date:

_________________________

Extractor B:

«Extractor2_Initials»

Date:

_________________________

Reconciliation Date:

_________________________

____ ACCEPTED and Extracted

____ REJECTED and not Extracted

___ Insufficient treatment efficacy follow-up Complications data only extracted

Article REJECTED due to (check all that apply): ___ No relevant outcomes or complications data ___ Cannot adequately separate stages ___ Cannot interpret data to fit extraction form ___ Insufficient treatment efficacy follow-up (must be ≥ 3 months) ___ Doesn’t deal with treatment: ___ Basic Science ___ Epidemiology ___ Other ___ Other reason for exclusion:

___ IRS group ___ Needs Panel Review

specify: ___________________________________ ___ Duplicate, of Ref # __________________ if known 1. Study Design ____ Medical record review ____ Case Series/Report ____ Controlled trial ____ Review/policy ____ Case-control study ____ Cohort Study ____ Meta-analysis ____ Data base or surveillance ____ Letter: Ref.______________________ ____ Opinion or testimony ____ Other: spec._____________________

Study Features (check all that apply) ___ Retrospective ___ Prospective ___ Randomized ___ Patient blinded ___ Provider blinded ___ Outcome evaluator blinded ___ Cross-over

2. Are there particular difficulties with this study that make it less useful for our purposes (include study flaws and items that cause the study interventions or population not to match our needs)? ___ Serious design flaws (specify__________________________________________________) ___ Randomization failure ___ Blinding failure or insufficient ___ Confounders present ___ Compliance problems (intensity) ___ Selection bias ___ Cross-over problems ___ Patient population not relevant ___ Atypical intervention ___ Incomplete or biased statistics/data Other: (describe)

3. Are there other data or points in this article that would be relevant that are not covered elsewhere?

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # «Ref_Number»

VUR – Topics 1, 2 3, and 5 Cover Sheets 4. Study:

Total patients enrolled: _________ (N) Country: _____________________________________

___ Check if multi-center/location

Study dates: __________ through __________ (leave blank if not specified) 5.

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria a. Mark with an I (inclusion) or with an E (exclusion) all the following that apply. ____ bacteriuria

____ posterior urethral valves

____ other: ______________________

____ bladder outlet obstruction

____ prenatal hydronephrosis

____ other: ______________________

____ bladder wall thickening

____ spina bifida

____ other: ______________________

____ dilated ureters

____ scarring present

____ other: ______________________

____ duplicated system

____ scarring absent

____ other: ______________________

____ exstrophy episodes/complex

____ unexplained fever

____ other: ______________________

____ history of UTI

____ ureteroceles

____ other: ______________________

____ multicystic dysplastic kidney

____ voiding pattern (normal)

____ other: ______________________

____ neurogenic bladder

____ voiding pattern (dysfunctional)

____ none specified

6. Group Definitions: Define in the table below the groups for which you are going to collect outcome information. For each group you indicate in the table you will need to fill out a set of pages 4-6. Indicate a NS (none specified) or multiple whenever levels of a factor are not specified or aggregated. ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

Group ID: start in 1 and use decimal points to indicate groups related by stratifying variables. For example 1.1 for outcomes in subgroup with VUR grade 1, 1.2 for individuals with VUR grade 2 and so on. Indicate whether the group has outcome for individuals from Topic 1 (high grade VUR), 2 (DES), 3 (3-6 no DES) or 5 (hydronephrosis). Indicate for which type of Units (ureters U, patients P, both B) are outcomes. Indicate the VUR grade of the units for which outcomes are reported in this group. Indicate the treatment (Rx type) class from prophylactic antibiotic, prophylactic antibiotic and bladder hygiene, observation management, open surgery, endoscopic injection, other. Please use this classification for the sake of consistency throughout the extractions. Indicate the Time at which outcomes are being reported. For different times generate different groups. Use the Comment/Definition column to include any detail related to the row item that you consider important for the group you created and for which you will extract outcome data, or which will help you to easily identify it in subsequent pages. Group ID

Topic No

Units

VUR Grade

Rx type

Time

Other factor(s)

Comments/Definition

7. Comments:

8. Total time completing this extraction: __________ minutes. V2.4 06/14/2006 Form developed 07.03.06

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # ____________ Group Number: _________

VUR – Topics 1, 2, 3, and 5 Group Characteristics 9. Group Characteristics Patients: N = _____

Renal units: N= _____

Age: Mean: _____ Median: _____

Std. Dev:_____ Min: _____

Max: _____

(Age at start of intervention if provided)

Age 1: _____ _____ (n or %) Age 2: _____ _____ (n or %) Age 3: _____ _____ (n or %) (fill all that apply) Sex: Male: N ____ or % _____

Female: N ____ or % _____ (fill number “N” or percentage “%” as it applies)

10. Baseline Conditions Patients VUR Severity

Renal Units/Ureters

Some

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Some

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Some

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Some

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Some

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Grade I Grade II Grade III Grade IV Grade V Grade (other): Presentation UTI PNDx Hydronephrosis Laterality Unilateral Bilateral Not specified Elimination Dysfunction Present Absent Not specified Renal Function Scarring present Hypertension Loss Renal length

Level ________ Number at level _________ % at level _________

Creatinine clearance

Level ________ Number at level _________ % at level _________

11. Comments on Group Characteristics

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # ____________ Group Number: _________

VUR – Topics 1, 2, 3, and 5 Group Treatment Characteristics 12. Treatments ƒ ƒ ƒ

Fill in the Check column if row item is evaluated in manuscript, even if no specific or discernable number is provided. Use either the percent (%) column or the Num column to indicate the percent and/or number of patients and/or renal units evaluated. Use the Comment/Definition column to include any detail related to the row item that you consider important and that is not addressed by the table format.

Treatment number in a sequence: (0 – not known, 1 – first rx, 2 – second rx, 3 – third rx, and so forth) Same intervention (eg. Endoscopic injection): _________

Different intervention (eg. Antibiotic, then surgery): ________

A. Medical Patients Intervention

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Continuous prophylaxis Intermittent prophylaxis Agent

TMX ____ NF ____ PCN/Cef ____ TR ____ SUL ____ Other ___________________ NS ____

Anticholinergic

Ditropan ____ Other ___________________ NS ____

Other management

Biofeedback ____ Time voiding ____ Other ___________________

B. Watchful waiting (no antibiotics) Patients Intervention

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Observation Monitoring frequency (months)

Mean: ______ Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______ Min: ______ Max: ______

C. Surgery Patients Some

%

Renal Units/Ureters Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Open Modality

Politano-Leadbetter ____ Glenn-Anderson ____ Cohen T-T ____ Lich-Gregoir ____ Gil-Vernet ____

Modality

Detrusorrhaphy ____ Vesicostomy ____ Other ___________________ Not stated ____

Endoscopic

Some

Initial ____

%

Num

Some

%

Num

Comments/Definition

Delayed ____

Agent

Dextranomer-HG (Deflux) ____ Polydimethylsiloxane (Macroplastique) ____

Volume injected (ml or cc)

Mean: ______ Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______ Min: ______ Max: ______

13. Follow-up Duration (mo):

Mean: ______

Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______

Min: ______

Max: ______

14. Comments

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # ____________ Group Number: _________

VUR – Topics 1, 2, 3, and 5 Group Outcomes 15. Outcomes

Resolution data is:

A. Actual

B. Actuarial/life table

Patients Outcome measure

Time Months

%

C. Kaplan-Meier

(circle one)

Renal Units/Ureters

X Num

Y Den

%

X Num

Std. Dev

Min

Y Den

Comments/Definition of Success/Failure

Resolution Reduced grade Worsened UTI Febrile UTI Cystitis UTI not specified Somatic growth impairment Renal scarring (new) Renal scarring (overall) Hypertension (new) Hypertension (overall) Renal functional loss (new) Renal functional loss (overall) Post-operative catheter Measure

Mean

Median

Max

Catheter duration (days) Inpatient mean hospital stay (days) Outpatient mean hospital stay (hours) 16. Complications (peri-operative and during follow-Up) Patients Side effects

Time Months

%

X Num

Renal Units/Ureters Y Den

%

X Num

Y Den

Comments/Definition

None Allergic reaction Hematologic New VUR, Contralateral Obstruction/hydronephrosis, requires no REOP Obstruction/hydronephrosis, requires REOP Obstruction/hydronephrosis, none detailed Not stated

17. Relationship of scarring to bacteriuria, if known for this particular group: (enter the number of patients in each box) New or Progressive Scarring Y Bacteriuria since Rx - present

N

New or Progressive Scarring Y

N

Bacteriuria since Rx - absent

18. Comments (regarding this group only)

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Page 5

A4: Data Extraction Forms Reference # «Ref_Number»

American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

VUR Screening in Perinatal Hydronephrosis Cover Sheets Citation: «Authors», «Title». «Journal», «Date», «A_Pages»

Extractor A: __«Extractor1_Initials»___________________________

Date:

_________________________

Extractor B: ___«Extractor2_Initials»__________________________

Date:

_________________________

Reconciliation Date:

____ ACCEPTED and Extracted ___ Insufficient screening/follow-up

___ Needs Panel Review

1. Study Design ____ Case Series/Report ____ Controlled trial ____ Review/policy ____ Case-control study ____ Cohort Study ____ Meta-analysis ____ Data base or surveillance ____ Letter: Ref.______________________ ____ Opinion or testimony ____ Other: spec._____________________

_________________________

____ REJECTED and not Extracted Article REJECTED due to (check all that apply): ___ No relevant outcomes data ___ Cannot adequately separate stages ___ Cannot interpret data to fit extraction form ___ Insufficient follow-up (must be ≥ 6 months) ___ Doesn’t deal with screening: ___ Basic Science ___ Epidemiology ___ Other ___ Other reason for exclusion: specify: ___________________________________ ___ Duplicate, of Ref # __________________ if known Study Features (check all that apply) ___ Retrospective ___ Prospective ___ Randomized ___ Patient blinded ___ Provider blinded ___ Outcome evaluator blinded ___ Cross-over

2. Are there particular difficulties with this study that make it less useful for our purposes (include study flaws and items that cause the study interventions or population not to match our needs)? ___ Serious design flaws (specify__________________________________________________) ___ Randomization failure ___ Blinding failure or insufficient ___ Confounders present ___ Compliance problems (intensity) ___ Selection bias ___ Cross-over problems ___ Patient population not relevant ___ Atypical intervention ___ Incomplete or biased statistics/data Other: (describe)

3. Are there other data or points in this article that would be relevant that are not covered elsewhere?

9 V2.1 04/07/2006

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A4: Data Extraction Forms Reference # «Ref_Number»

American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

VUR Screening in Perinatal Hydronephrosis Cover Sheets 4. Study:

Total Patients enrolled: _________ (N) Country: ______________________________________

___ Check if multi-center/location

Study Dates: ___________ through ___________ (leave blank if not specified)

5.

Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria ƒ Mark with an I (inclusion) or with an E (exclusion) all the following that apply.

6.

____ bacteriuria

____ exstrophy episodes

____ spina bifida

____ bladder outlet obstruction

____ history of UTI

____ unexplained fever

____ bladder wall thickening

____ multicystic dysplastic kidney

____ ureteroceles

____ dilated ureters

____ posterior urethral valves

____ other______________________

____ duplicated system

____ prenatal hydronephrosis

____ none specified

General Patient Sample Characteristics Renal units: N= _____ Patients age: Mean: _____ Median: _____

Std. Dev:_____ Min: _____

Sex distribution: Male: N _____ or % _____

7.

Female: N ____ or % _____ (fill number “N” or percentage “%” as it applies)

Standard Used for Diagnosis a) VUR:

____ Intl. Classification System

b) Hydronephrosis: ____ Soc. for Fetal Urology Scale

8.

Max: _____

____ other _____________________

_____ none specified

____ other ______________________

_____ none specified

Diagnosis of Hydronephrosis a) Pre-natal:

_____ 2nd trimester

_____ 3rd trimester

b) At birth:

_____ ≤ 3 months

_____ other ___________________

_____ no time specified

_____ none specified _____ none specified

c) AP diameter threshold (mm) __________

9.

Definitions ____ (%) abnormal differential uptake by DMSA

Creatinine clearance calculation:________________________________

10. Comments

11. Total time completing this extraction: ________ minutes.

10 V2.1 04/07/2006

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # «Ref_Number»

VUR Screening in Perinatal Hydronephrosis Definitions of Groups with Outcomes 12. Screening regimen groups Define in the table below the groups for which you are going to collect outcome information. For each group you indicate in the table you will need to fill out a page 4. ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

ƒ

Group ID: start in 1 and use decimal points to indicate groups related by stratifying variables. For example 1.1 for females and 1.2 for males. If the group is defined by sex (male/female), otherwise write NS for none specified. Indicate the group age of the group, otherwise write NS for none specified. Indicate the race of the group if it is specified in the manuscript, otherwise write NS for none specified. Indicate the screening Type applied to the group: US (ultrasound), VCUG (voiding cystogram), DMSA (scintigraphy), other, none specified (NS). If there is a stratification in the manuscript for a factor not contemplated in the columns of the table and that you consider relevant for this screening topic use the Other factor(s) column to define the levels of that particular factor. In such case please use the Comments/Definition column to indicate what is the factor. Use the Comment/Definition column to include any detail related to the row item that you consider important for the group you created and for which you will extract outcome data. Group ID

Sex

Race

Hydro grade

Type

Other factor(s)

Comments/Definition

13. Comments

11 V2.1 04/07/2006

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A4: Data Extraction Forms American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Update Panel

Reference # «Ref_Number» Group Number: _________

VUR Screening in Perinatal Hydronephrosis Group Characteristics/Outcomes 14. Group Characteristics Group definition: __________________ Age (years)

Patients: N= ______ or % _______ Renal units: N= _____ or % ________

Mean: _____ Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______ Std. Error: ______ Min: ______ Max: ______

15. Screening Regimen Indicate in Type the imaging modality for this specific group, the time of the first evaluation for individuals in this group, the frequency, whether individuals where under antibiotic while being during screening/follow-up for screening, and the duration of such follow-up. Type

First Eval

Freq.

Follow-up time (months)

Antibiotic

Comments/Definition

Mean: _____ Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______ Std. Error: ______ Min: ______ Max: ______

16. Outcomes ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

Fill in the Check column if row item is evaluated in manuscript, even if no specific or discernable number is provided. Use either the percent (%) column or the Num column to indicate the percent and/or number of patients and/or ureteral units evaluated. Use the Comment/Definition column to include any detail related to the row item that you consider important and that is not addressed by the table format. For Complications please indicate the particular side effects of screening for which you are extracting outcomes.

VUR diagnosis data are:

A. Actual

B. Actuarial/life tables

Patients VUR

Check

%

Num

C. Kaplan-Meier

(circle one)

Ureters Den

Check

%

Num

Den

Comments/Definition

Grade I Grade II Grade III Grade IV Grade V Grade (multiple) No grade specified Unilateral Bilateral Breakthrough UTI Renal scarring Complications

Creatinine clearance

Mean: ______ Median: ______ Std. Dev: ______ Std. Error: ______ Min: ______ Max: ______

17. Comments (regarding this group only)

12 V2.1 04/07/2006

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Appendix A5: Bibliography Sorted by Primary Author Article Master Bibliography American Urological Association, Inc. VUR Guidelines Panel

sorted by Primary Author and Title

29020

AAP parent page. Shopping-cart safety. Pediatrics. 2006 Aug; 118: e545-6

12900

Acquired cystic kidney disease in children undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Kyushu Pediatric Nephrology Study Group. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Aug; 34: 242-6

11350

Consensus statement on management of antenatally detected hydronephrosis. Indian Pediatr. 2001 Nov; 38: 1244-51

20350

Effect of vesicoureteral reflux on the kidney. Pediatrics. 1977 Dec; 60: 913-4

10970

European best practice guidelines for renal transplantation. Section IV: Long-term management of the transplant recipient. IV.11 Paediatrics (specific problems). Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002; 17 Suppl 4: 55-8

28690

Genome scan for Tourette disorder in affected-sibling-pair and multigenerational families. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Feb; 80: 265-72

1200

Information from your family doctor. Urinary reflux. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jan 1; 69: 152

20200

Medical versus surgical treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux: report of the International Reflux Study Committee. Pediatrics. 1981 Mar; 67: 392-400

19490

Prevention of reflux nephropathy. Lancet. 1991 Oct 26; 338: 1050

19820

Prospective trial of operative versus non-operative treatment of severe vesicoureteric reflux in children: five years' observation. Birmingham Reflux Study Group. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1987 Jul 25; 295: 237-41

19050

Vesicoureteric reflux and nephropathy. Lancet. 1992 Feb 15; 339: 398-9

5100

Vesico-ureteric reflux in children. Proceedings of a state-of-the-art symposium. 1997. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 1-89

7600

Vesicoureteric reflux: all in the genes? Report of a meeting of physicians at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London. Lancet. 1996 Sep 14; 348: 725-8

7800

What are the indications for the 'Sting' operation for the treatment of vesicoureteric reflux?. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Jun; 10: 392, 399

28530

When children assault children. Harv Ment Health Lett. 2007 Apr; 23: 4-5

25010

Aaronson, D. S., Siddiqui, S. A., Reinberg, Y., Baskin, L. S. Relative contraindication to endoscopic subureteral injection for vesicoureteral reflux: congenital refluxing megaureter with distal aperistaltic segment. Urology. 2008 Apr; 71: 616-9; discussion 619-20

8550 170

Aaronson, I. A. Current status of the 'STING': an American perspective. Br J Urol. 1995 Feb; 75: 121-5 Aaronson, I. A. Does deflux alter the paradigm for the management of children with vesicoureteral reflux?. Curr Urol Rep. 2005 Mar; 6: 152-6

29960

Abdallah, M. M., Bissada, N. K., Hamouda, H. M., Bissada, A. N. Long-term multi-institutional evaluation of Charleston pouch I continent cutaneous urinary diversion. J Urol. 2007 Jun; 177: 2217-20

21270

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Tripathi, M., Chandrashekar, N., Kumar, R., Malhotra, A. Reflux in native kidneys mimicking urine leak postrenal transplant. Clin Nucl Med. 2005 May; 30: 344-6

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Afshar, K., Papanikolaou, F., Malek, R., Bagli, D., Pippi-Salle, J. L., Khoury, A. Vesicoureteral reflux and complete ureteral duplication. Conservative or surgical management?. J Urol. 2005 May; 173: 1725-7

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Lee, S. K., Chang, Y., Park, N. H., Kim, Y. H., Woo, S. Magnetic resonance voiding cystography in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux: comparative study with voiding cystourethrography. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Apr; 21: 406-14

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Taskinen, S., Ronnholm, K. Post-pyelonephritic renal scars are not associated with vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 2005 Apr; 173: 1345-8

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Zhao, J., Zhang, Y., Lu, W. Trigonoplasty to treat secondary vesicoureteral reflux in neurogenic bladders. Urol Int. 2005; 74: 135-9

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Aaronson, I. A. Does deflux alter the paradigm for the management of children with vesicoureteral reflux?. Curr Urol Rep. 2005 Mar; 6: 152-6

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Schlussel, R. Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. Curr Urol Rep. 2005 Mar; 6: 131-2

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Lee, C. C., Fang, C. C., Chou, H. C., Tsau, Y. K. Urinothorax associated with VURD syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 Apr; 20: 543-6

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Blumenthal, I. Vesicoureteric reflux in children--where next?. Lancet. 2005 Feb 12-18; 365: 570-1

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Thompson, M., Simon, S. D., Sharma, V., Alon, U. S. Timing of follow-up voiding cystourethrogram in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux: development and application of a clinical algorithm. Pediatrics. 2005 Feb; 115: 426-34

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Kogan, B. A. Abnormal dimercapto-succinic acid scans predict an increased risk of breakthrough infection in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Int Braz J Urol. 2004 Jul-Aug; 30: 357-8

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Thiruchelvam, N., Cuckow, P. M. Effect of circumcision on urinary tract infection after successful antireflux surgery. BJU Int. 2005 Feb; 95: 453-4

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Barroso, U., Jr., Vinhaes, A. J., Barros, M., Barroso, V. A., Calado, A. A., Zerati Filho, M. Findings in cystourethrography that suggest lower urinary tract dysfunction in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Int Braz J Urol. 2004 Nov-Dec; 30: 504-7

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Matsumoto, F., Tohda, A., Shimada, K. Effect of ureteral reimplantation on prevention of urinary tract infection and renal growth in infants with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Int J Urol. 2004 Dec; 11: 1065-9

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Gonzalez, E., Papazyan, J. P., Girardin, E. Impact of vesicoureteral reflux on the size of renal lesions after an episode of acute pyelonephritis. J Urol. 2005 Feb; 173: 571-4; discussion 574-5

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Jayanthi, V. R. Adolescent urology. Adolesc Med Clin. 2004 Oct; 15: 521-34

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Berrocal, T., Gaya, F., Arjonilla, A. Vesicoureteral reflux: can the urethra be adequately assessed by using contrast-enhanced voiding US of the bladder?. Radiology. 2005 Jan; 234: 235-41

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van Capelle, J. W., de Haan, T., El Sayed, W., Azmy, A. The long-term outcome of the endoscopic subureteric implantation of polydimethylsiloxane for treating vesico-ureteric reflux in children: a retrospective analysis of the first 195 consecutive patients in two European centres. BJU Int. 2004 Dec; 94: 1348-51

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Casale, P., Grady, R. W., Lee, R. S., Joyner, B. D., Mitchell, M. E. Symptomatic refluxing distal ureteral stumps after nephroureterectomy and heminephroureterectomy. What should we do?. J Urol. 2005 Jan; 173: 204-6; discussion 206

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Damen-Elias, H. A., Stigter, R. H., De Jong, T. P., Visser, G. H. Variability in dilatation of the fetal renal pelvis during a bladder filling cycle. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Dec; 24: 750-5

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Zupancic, B., Popovic, L. J., Zupancic, V., Augustin, G. Primary vesicoureteric reflux--our 20 years' experience. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Oct; 14: 339-44

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Morita, T., Tokue, A. Vesicoureteral reflux after intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guerin against carcinoma in situ of the bladder. Urol Int. 2004; 73: 287-8

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Fanos, V., Cataldi, L. Antibiotics or surgery for vesicoureteric reflux in children. Lancet. 2004 Nov 6-12; 364: 1720-2

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Kelly, H., Ennis, S., Yoneda, A., Bermingham, C., Shields, D. C., Molony, C., Green, A. J., Puri, P., Barton, D. E. Uroplakin III is not a major candidate gene for primary vesicoureteral reflux. Eur J Hum Genet. 2005 Apr; 13: 5002

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Shimizu, M., Katayama, K., Kato, E., Miyayama, S., Sugata, T., Ohta, K. Evolution of acute focal bacterial nephritis into a renal abscess. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 Jan; 20: 93-5

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Tutunculer, F., Gunoz, H., Bas, F., Bundak, R., Saka, N., Neyzi, O. Transient Pseudohypoaldosteronism in an infant with urinary tract anomaly. Pediatr Int. 2004 Oct; 46: 618-20

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Dolezel, J., Sutory, M., Navratil, P. Antireflux uretero-intestinal anastomosis--flap-and-trough technique-applicable to ileum: early clinical experience. Eur Urol. 2004 Nov; 46: 598-603

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Tsai, Y. C., Hsu, C. Y., Lin, G. J., Wang, C. J., Cheng, C. H., Huang, Y. H., Yen, M. H., Hsia, S. H., Yan, D. C. Vesicoureteral reflux in hospitalized children with urinary tract infection: the clinical value of pelvic ectasia on renal ultrasound, inflammatory responses and demographic data. Chang Gung Med J. 2004 Jun; 27: 436-42

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Darge, K., Moeller, R. T., Trusen, A., Butter, F., Gordjani, N., Riedmiller, H. Diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux with low-dose contrast-enhanced harmonic ultrasound imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Jan; 35: 73-8

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Vassiou, K., Vlychou, M., Moisidou, R., Sioka, A., Fezoulidis, I. V. Contrast-enhanced sonographic detection of vesicoureteral reflux in children: comparison with voiding cystourethrography. Rofo. 2004 Oct; 176: 1453-7

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Cleper, R., Krause, I., Eisenstein, B., Davidovits, M. Prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux in neonatal urinary tract infection. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2004 Sep; 43: 619-25

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Kaneyama, K., Kobayashi, H., Yamataka, A., Lane, G. J., Miyano, T. Serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) concentrations in children with reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2005 Jan; 21: 39-42

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O'Donnell, B. Reflections on reflux. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1635-6

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Miller, D. C., Rumohr, J. A., Dunn, R. L., Bloom, D. A., Park, J. M. What is the fate of the refluxing contralateral kidney in children with multicystic dysplastic kidney?. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1630-4

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Capozza, N., Lais, A., Nappo, S., Caione, P. The role of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: a 17-year experience. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1626-8; discussion 1629

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David, S., Kelly, C., Poppas, D. P. Nerve sparing extravesical repair of bilateral vesicoureteral reflux: description of technique and evaluation of urinary retention. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1617-20; discussion 1620

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Perez-Brayfield, M., Kirsch, A. J., Hensle, T. W., Koyle, M. A., Furness, P., Scherz, H. C. Endoscopic treatment with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid for complex cases of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1614-6

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Cascio, S., Solari, V., Reen, D. J., Puri, P. The significance of serum erythropoietin levels in assessing the severity of renal damage in children with reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1607-9

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Solari, V., Ennis, S., Cascio, S., Puri, P. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene polymorphism in reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1604-6; discussion 1606

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Garat, J. M., de la Pena, E., Caffaratti, J., Villavicencio, H. Prevention of vesicoureteral reflux at the time of complete primary repair of the exstrophy-epispadias complex. Int Urol Nephrol. 2004; 36: 211-2

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Galia, M., Midiri, M., Pennisi, F., Farina, R., Bartolotta, T. V., De Maria, M., Lagalla, R. Vesicoureteral reflux in young patients: comparison of voiding color Doppler US with echo enhancement versus voiding cystourethrography for diagnosis or exclusion. Abdom Imaging. 2004 May-Jun; 29: 303-8

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Leighton, D. RE: C Acton et al.--Audit of neonatal renal scans. Australas Radiol. 2004 Sep; 48: 437

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Zagradisnik, B., Bracic, K., Varda, N. M., Kokalj Vokac, N., Gregoric, A. G-protein beta3 subunit gene C825T polymorphism in patients with vesico-ureteric reflux. Ann Genet. 2004 Jul-Sep; 47: 209-16

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Mure, P. Y., Mouriquand, P. D. Surgical Atlas The Cohen procedure. BJU Int. 2004 Sep; 94: 679-98

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Kwak, C., Oh, S. J., Lee, A., Choi, H. Effect of circumcision on urinary tract infection after successful antireflux surgery. BJU Int. 2004 Sep; 94: 627-9

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Valentini, A. L., De Gaetano, A. M., Minordi, L. M., Nanni, G., Citterio, F., Viggiano, A. M., Tancioni, V., Destito, C. Contrast-enhanced voiding US for grading of reflux in adult patients prior to antireflux ureteral implantation. Radiology. 2004 Oct; 233: 35-9

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Austin, J. C., Cooper, C. S. Vesicoureteral reflux: surgical approaches. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug; 31: 54357, x

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Cooper, C. S., Austin, J. C. Vesicoureteral reflux: who benefits from surgery?. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug; 31: 535-41, x

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Oswald, J., Schwentner, C., Brenner, E., Deibl, M., Fritsch, H., Bartsch, G., Radmayr, C. Extracellular matrix degradation and reduced nerve supply in refluxing ureteral endings. J Urol. 2004 Sep; 172: 1099-102

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Mingin, G. C., Nguyen, H. T., Baskin, L. S., Harlan, S. Abnormal dimercapto-succinic acid scans predict an increased risk of breakthrough infection in children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2004 Sep; 172: 1075-7; discussion 1077

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Hansson, S., Dhamey, M., Sigstrom, O., Sixt, R., Stokland, E., Wennerstrom, M., Jodal, U. Dimercapto-succinic acid scintigraphy instead of voiding cystourethrography for infants with urinary tract infection. J Urol. 2004 Sep; 172: 1071-3; discussion 1073-4

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Ataei, N., Madani, A., Esfahani, S. T., Kejbafzadeh, A., Ghaderi, O., Jalili, S., Sharafi, B. Screening for vesicoureteral reflux and renal scars in siblings of children with known reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Oct; 19: 1127-31

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Sugiyama, T., Hanai, T., Hashimoto, K., Umekawa, T., Kurita, T. Long-term outcome of the endoscopic correction of vesico-ureteric reflux: a comparison of injected substances. BJU Int. 2004 Aug; 94: 381-3

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Wheeler, D. M., Vimalachandra, D., Hodson, E. M., Roy, L. P., Smith, G. H., Craig, J. C. Interventions for primary vesicoureteric reflux. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004; : CD001532

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Tsuchiya, N., Sato, K., Satoh, S., Ohyama, C., Shimoda, N., Habuchi, T., Kato, T. A novel antireflux technique using an intussuscepted ileal segment. Urol Int. 2004; 73: 15-8; discussion 18

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Orellana, P., Baquedano, P., Rangarajan, V., Zhao, J. H., Eng, N. D., Fettich, J., Chaiwatanarat, T., Sonmezoglu, K., Kumar, D., Park, Y. H., Samuel, A. M., Sixt, R., Bhatnagar, V., Padhy, A. K. Relationship between acute pyelonephritis, renal scarring, and vesicoureteral reflux. Results of a coordinated research project. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Oct; 19: 1122-6

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Shu, T., Cisek, L. J., Jr., Moore, R. G. Laparoscopic extravesical reimplantation for postpubertal vesicoureteral reflux. J Endourol. 2004 Jun; 18: 441-6

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Sjostrom, S., Sillen, U., Bachelard, M., Hansson, S., Stokland, E. Spontaneous resolution of high grade infantile vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2004 Aug; 172: 694-8; discussion 699

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Kopitzko, A., Cornely, D., Reither, K., Wolf, K. J., Albrecht, T. Low contrast dose voiding urosonography in children with phase inversion imaging. Eur Radiol. 2004 Dec; 14: 2290-6

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Heidenreich, A., Ozgur, E., Becker, T., Haupt, G. Surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux in pediatric patients. World J Urol. 2004 Jun; 22: 96-106

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Houle, A. M., Cheikhelard, A., Barrieras, D., Rivest, M. C., Gaudreault, V. Impact of early screening for reflux in siblings on the detection of renal damage. BJU Int. 2004 Jul; 94: 123-5

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Serrano-Durba, A., Serrano, A. J., Magdalena, J. R., Martin, J. D., Soria, E., Dominguez, C., Estornell, F., GarciaIbarra, F. The use of neural networks for predicting the result of endoscopic treatment for vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2004 Jul; 94: 120-2

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Paltiel, H. J., Diamond, D. A., Zurakowski, D., Drubach, L. A., Atala, A. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with autologous chondrocytes: postoperative sonographic features. Radiology. 2004 Aug; 232: 390-7

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Piepsz, A., Ham, H. Radionuclide cystography by supra-pubic puncture. Nucl Med Commun. 2004 Jul; 25: 749

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Stein, R., Thuroff, J. W. Correction of vesicoureteral reflux: where do we stand?. Curr Opin Urol. 2004 Jul; 14: 219-25

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Ardissino, G., Avolio, L., Dacco, V., Testa, S., Marra, G., Vigano, S., Loi, S., Caione, P., De Castro, R., De Pascale, S., Marras, E., Riccipetitoni, G., Selvaggio, G., Pedotti, P., Claris-Appiani, A., Ciofani, A., Dello Strologo, L., La Long-term outcome of vesicoureteral reflux associated chronic renal failure in children. Data from the ItalKid Project. J Urol. 2004 Jul; 172: 305-10

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Jiang, S., Gitlin, J., Deng, F. M., Liang, F. X., Lee, A., Atala, A., Bauer, S. B., Ehrlich, G. D., Feather, S. A., Goldberg, J. D., Goodship, J. A., Goodship, T. H., Hermanns, M., Hu, F. Z., Jones, K. E., Malcolm, S., Mendelsohn, C., Pre Lack of major involvement of human uroplakin genes in vesicoureteral reflux: implications for disease heterogeneity. Kidney Int. 2004 Jul; 66: 10-9

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Ohba, K., Matsuo, M., Noguchi, M., Nishikido, M., Koga, S., Kanetake, H., Nazneen, A., Liu, D., Razzaque, M. S., Taguchi, T. Clinicopathological study of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)-associated pyelonephritis in renal transplantation. Clin Transplant. 2004; 18 Suppl 11: 34-8

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Barai, S., Bandopadhayaya, G. P., Bhowmik, D., Patel, C. D., Malhotra, A., Agarwal, P., Singhal, T. Prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux in patients with incidentally diagnosed adult hypertension. Urology. 2004 Jun; 63: 1045-8; discussion 1048-9

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Caione, P., Villa, M., Capozza, N., De Gennaro, M., Rizzoni, G. Predictive risk factors for chronic renal failure in primary high-grade vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2004 Jun; 93: 1309-12

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Barbour, K. W., Arunachalam, P., King, P. A., McAndrew, H. F. The use of ureteral stents and suprapubic catheter in vesicoureteric reflux surgery. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004 May; 20: 387-8

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Darge, K., Riedmiller, H. Current status of vesicoureteral reflux diagnosis. World J Urol. 2004 Jun; 22: 88-95

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Papachristou, F., Printza, N., Doumas, A., Koliakos, G. Urinary bladder volume and pressure at reflux as prognostic factors of vesicoureteral reflux outcome. Pediatr Radiol. 2004 Jul; 34: 556-9

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Linsenmeyer, T. A., House, J. G., Millis, S. R. The role of abnormal congenitally displaced ureteral orifices in causing reflux following spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2004; 27: 116-9

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Kumar, P., Goel, R., Ansari, M. S., Goel, A., Hemal, A. K. Pseudohypospadias with bilateral vesicoureteric reflux: consequences of inappropriate management of stricture urethra. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003; 35: 379-80

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Ristoska-Bojkovska, N., Nikolov, V., Tasic, V. Vesicoureteral reflux and idiopathic hypercalciuria: an association by chance?. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 Jun; 19: 1659-60; author reply 1660

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Choo, M. S., Hong, B., Ji, Y. H., Chung, H., Choe, J. H., Park, W. H., Park, T., Lee, K. S. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with polydimethylsiloxane in adult women. Eur Urol. 2004 Jun; 45: 787-9

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Anderson, N. G., Allan, R. B., Abbott, G. D. Fluctuating fetal or neonatal renal pelvis: marker of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jul; 19: 749-53

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Erdogan, H., Mir, S., Serdaroglu, E., Berdeli, A., Aksu, N. Is ACE gene polymorphism a risk factor for renal scarring with low-grade reflux?. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jul; 19: 734-7

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Marra, G., Oppezzo, C., Ardissino, G., Dacco, V., Testa, S., Avolio, L., Taioli, E., Sereni, F. Severe vesicoureteral reflux and chronic renal failure: a condition peculiar to male gender? Data from the ItalKid Project. J Pediatr. 2004 May; 144: 677-81

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Pettus, J. A., Andenoro, J., Snow, B. W., Devries, C., Cartwright, P. Serum potassium and creatinine changes following unstented bilateral ureteral reimplantation in children. J Urol. 2004 Jun; 171: 2417-9

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Kirsch, A. J., Perez-Brayfield, M., Smith, E. A., Scherz, H. C. The modified sting procedure to correct vesicoureteral reflux: improved results with submucosal implantation within the intramural ureter. J Urol. 2004 Jun; 171: 2413-6

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Kapadia, H., Lidefelt, K. J., Erasmie, U., Pilo, C. Antenatal renal pelvis dilatation emphasizing vesicoureteric reflux: two-year follow-up of minor postnatal dilatation. Acta Paediatr. 2004 Mar; 93: 336-9

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Hinds, A. C. Obstructive uropathy: considerations for the nephrology nurse. Nephrol Nurs J. 2004 Mar-Apr; 31: 166-74, 179; quiz 180-1

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Ascenti, G., Zimbaro, G., Mazziotti, S., Chimenz, R., Fede, C., Visalli, C., Scribano, E. Harmonic US imaging of vesicoureteric reflux in children: usefulness of a second generation US contrast agent. Pediatr Radiol. 2004 Jun; 34: 481-7

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Jose, T. E., Mohiudheen, H., Patel, C., Kumar, R., Chandrashekar, B., Malhothra, A. Direct radionuclide cystography by supra-pubic puncture: comparison with conventional voiding cystourethrography. Nucl Med Commun. 2004 Apr; 25: 383-5

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Xhepa, R., Bosio, M., Manzoni, G. Voiding cystourethrosonography for the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux in a developing country. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jun; 19: 638-43

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Lee-Chen, G. J., Liu, K. P., Lai, Y. C., Juang, H. S., Huang, S. Y., Lin, C. Y. Significance of the tissue kallikrein promoter and transforming growth factor-beta1 polymorphisms with renal progression in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Kidney Int. 2004 Apr; 65: 1467-72

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Chen, J. J., Mao, W., Homayoon, K., Steinhardt, G. F. A multivariate analysis of dysfunctional elimination syndrome, and its relationships with gender, urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 2004 May; 171: 1907-10

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Silva, J. M., Diniz, J. S., Oliveira, E. A., Cardoso, L. S., Marino, V. S., Pimenta, M. R., Matos, C. C., Vieira, S. B. Features of primary vesicoureteral reflux and renal damage in children at a single institution in Brazil from 1969 to 1999. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003; 35: 161-8

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Olianti, C., Imperiale, A., Materassi, M., Seracini, D., Ienuso, R., Tommasi, M., Pupi, A., La Cava, G. Urinary endothelin-1 excretion according to morpho-functional damage lateralization in reflux nephropathy. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 Jul; 19: 1774-8

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Schlussel, R. Cystoscopic correction of reflux. Curr Urol Rep. 2004 Apr; 5: 127-31

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Stehr, M., Schuster, T., Pepperl, S., Wallner, C. P., Dietz, H. G. Ureterocystoneostomy (UCN) and subureteral collagen injection (SCIN): combined one-stage correction of high-grade bilateral vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Feb; 14: 45-50

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Aygun, C., Ozer, C., Dirim, A., Tekin, M. I., Goren, M. R., Peskircioglu, C. L., Ozkardes, H., Haberal, M. Renal transplantation experience following endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. Transplant Proc. 2004 JanFeb; 36: 68-70

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Caione, P., Ciofetta, G., Collura, G., Morano, S., Capozza, N. Renal damage in vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2004 Mar; 93: 591-5

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Lowe, L. H., Patel, M. N., Gatti, J. M., Alon, U. S. Utility of follow-up renal sonography in children with vesicoureteral reflux and normal initial sonogram. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar; 113: 548-50

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Esbjorner, E., Hansson, S., Jakobsson, B. Management of children with dilating vesico-ureteric reflux in Sweden. Acta Paediatr. 2004 Jan; 93: 37-42

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Nakamura, M., Shinozaki, T., Taniguchi, N., Koibuchi, H., Momoi, M., Itoh, K. Simultaneous voiding cystourethrography and voiding urosonography reveals utility of sonographic diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Dec; 92: 1422-6

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Pinto, K. J. Vesicoureteral reflux in the Hispanic child with urinary tract infection. J Urol. 2004 Mar; 171: 1266-7

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Yim, H. E., Jung, M. J., Choi, B. M., Bae, I. S., Yoo, K. H., Hong, Y. S., Lee, J. W., Kim, S. K. Genetic polymorphism of the renin-angiotensin system on the development of primary vesicoureteral reflux. Am J Nephrol. 2004 Mar-Apr; 24: 178-87

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Camacho, V., Estorch, M., Fraga, G., Mena, E., Fuertes, J., Hernandez, M. A., Flotats, A., Carrio, I. DMSA study performed during febrile urinary tract infection: a predictor of patient outcome?. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2004 Jun; 31: 862-6

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Chertin, B., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Insulin-like growth factor-1 expression in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004 Apr; 20: 283-9

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Riccabona, M., Fotter, R. Urinary tract infection in infants and children: an update with special regard to the changing role of reflux. Eur Radiol. 2004 Mar; 14 Suppl 4: L78-88

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Priti, K., Rao, K. L., Menon, P., Singh, N., Mittal, B. R., Bhattacharya, A., Mitra, S. K. Posterior urethral valves: incidence and progress of vesicoureteric reflux after primary fulguration. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004 Feb; 20: 136-9

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Information from your family doctor. Urinary reflux. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jan 1; 69: 152

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Roger, M., Wilkinson, A. G. Cystoscopic and DMSA findings in relation to types of reflux demonstrated on percutaneous direct radionuclide cystography in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2004 Mar; 34: 222-6

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Giltay, J. C., van de Meerakker, J., van Amstel, H. K., de Jong, T. P. No pathogenic mutations in the uroplakin III gene of 25 patients with primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2004 Feb; 171: 931-2

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Moran Penco, J. M., Gomez Fraile, A., Rodriguez Alarcon, J., Garcia Merino, F., Vela, D., Sanjuan Rodriguez, S., Aransay Brantot, A. Evolution of the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in Spain. J Urol. 2004 Feb; 171: 834-7

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Podesta, M. L., Castera, R., Ruarte, A. C. Videourodynamic findings in young infants with severe primary reflux. J Urol. 2004 Feb; 171: 829-33; discussion 833

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Cheng, A. M., Phan, V., Geary, D. F., Rosenblum, N. D. Outcome of isolated antenatal hydronephrosis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jan; 158: 38-40

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Fujita, K., Sugao, H., Tsujikawa, K. Perinephric urinoma secondary to neurogenic bladder with vesicoureteral reflux: report of an adult case. Int J Urol. 2004 Jan; 11: 53-5

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Solari, V., Unemoto, K., Piaseczna Piotrowska, A., Puri, P. Increased expression of mast cells in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Feb; 19: 157-63

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Osman, Y., Abol-Enein, H., Nabeeh, A., Gaballah, M., Bazeed, M. Long-term results of a prospective randomized study comparing two different antireflux techniques in orthotopic bladder substitution. Eur Urol. 2004 Jan; 45: 82-6

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Sukan, A., Bayazit, A. K., Kibar, M., Noyan, A., Soyupak, S., Yapar, Z., Anarat, A. Comparison of direct radionuclide cystography and voiding direct cystography in the detection of vesicoureteral reflux. Ann Nucl Med. 2003 Oct; 17: 549-53

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Acton, C., Pahuja, M., Opie, G., Woodward, A. A 5-year audit of 778 neonatal renal scans (Part 1): perplexing pyelectasis and suggested protocol for investigation. Australas Radiol. 2003 Dec; 47: 349-53

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Oswald, J., Brenner, E., Schwentner, C., Deibl, M., Bartsch, G., Fritsch, H., Radmayr, C. The intravesical ureter in children with vesicoureteral reflux: a morphological and immunohistochemical characterization. J Urol. 2003 Dec; 170: 2423-7

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Matsumoto, F., Shimada, K., Harada, Y., Naitoh, Y. Split renal function does not change after successful treatment in children with primary vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2003 Dec; 92: 1006-8

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Trobs, R. B., Nounla, J., Faber, R., Schwarick, J. Congenital urethral cysts in boys with vesicoureteric reflux. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003; 35: 41-5

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Wadie, B. S., Refaie, A. F., Ghoneim, M. A. The use of solid-state polydimethylsiloxane in the management of vesico-ureteric reflux in patients with renal failure prepared for renal transplantation. BJU Int. 2003 Nov; 92: 81820

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Morrow, T. Making water run downhill. Manag Care. 2003 Oct; 12: 46-7

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Greenfield, S. P. Vesicoureteral reflux--current treatment options. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2003 Nov; 4: 195966

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Shaikh, N., Hoberman, A., Wise, B., Kurs-Lasky, M., Kearney, D., Naylor, S., Haralam, M. A., Colborn, D. K., Docimo, S. G. Dysfunctional elimination syndrome: is it related to urinary tract infection or vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed early in life?. Pediatrics. 2003 Nov; 112: 1134-7

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Phan, V., Traubici, J., Hershenfield, B., Stephens, D., Rosenblum, N. D., Geary, D. F. Vesicoureteral reflux in infants with isolated antenatal hydronephrosis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Dec; 18: 1224-8

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Stauss, J., Connolly, L. P., Connolly, S. A., Zurakowski, D., Treves, S. T., Peters, C. A. Dynamic renal scintigraphy in children with vesicoureteral reflux and suspected coexisting ureteropelvic junction obstruction. J Urol. 2003 Nov; 170: 1966-70

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Bilen, C. Y., Sarikaya, S., Asci, R. Re: Influence of voiding dysfunction on the outcome of endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2003 Nov; 170: 1957

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Bajpai, M., Pal, K., Bal, C. S., Gupta, A. K., Pandey, R. M. Role of plasma renin activity in the management of primary vesicoureteric reflux: a preliminary report. Kidney Int. 2003 Nov; 64: 1643-7

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Olbing, H., Smellie, J. M., Jodal, U., Lax, H. New renal scars in children with severe VUR: a 10-year study of randomized treatment. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Nov; 18: 1128-31

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Shimada, K., Matsumoto, F., Tohda, A., Ueda, M. Histological study of fetal kidney with urethral obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux: a consideration on the etiology of congenital reflux nephropathy. Int J Urol. 2003 Oct; 10: 518-24

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Seki, N., Masuda, K., Tanaka, M., Kinukawa, N., Senoh, K., Naito, S. Relationship between febrile urinary tract infection and urodynamics in myelodysplastic children with vesicoureteral reflux. Urol Int. 2003; 71: 280-4

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Holmdahl, G., Sillen, U., Hellstrom, A. L., Sixt, R., Solsnes, E. Does treatment with clean intermittent catheterization in boys with posterior urethral valves affect bladder and renal function?. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1681-5; discussion 1685

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Hassan, J. M., Pope, J. C., 4th, Brock, J. W., 3rd, Adams, M. C. Vesicoureteral reflux in patients with posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1677-80; discussion 1680

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Wallis, M. C., Brown, D. H., Jayanthi, V. R., Koff, S. A. A novel technique for ureteral catheterization and/or retrograde ureteroscopy after cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1664-6; discussion 1666

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Solari, V., Piotrowska, A. P., Cascio, S., Unemoto, K., Chertin, B., Puri, P. Cyclooxygenase-2 up-regulation in reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1624-7

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Duong, D. T., Parekh, D. J., Pope, J. C., 4th, Adams, M. C., Brock, J. W., 3rd Ureteroneocystostomy without urethral catheterization shortens hospital stay without compromising postoperative success. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1570-3; discussion 1573

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Szlyk, G. R., Williams, S. B., Majd, M., Belman, A. B., Rushton, H. G. Incidence of new renal parenchymal inflammatory changes following breakthrough urinary tract infection in patients with vesicoureteral reflux treated with antibiotic prophylaxis: evaluation by 99MTechnetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scan. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1566-8; discussion 1568-9

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Aboutaleb, H., Bolduc, S., Khoury, A. E., Upadhyay, J., Bagli, D. J., Farhat, W. Polydimethylsiloxane injection versus open surgery for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in complete duplex systems. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1563-5

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Aboutaleb, H., Bolduc, S., Bagli, D. J., Khoury, A. E. Correlation of vesicoureteral reflux with degree of hydronephrosis and the impact of antireflux surgery. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1560-2; discussion 1562

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Diamond, D. A., Caldamone, A. A., Bauer, S. B., Retik, A. B. Mechanisms of failure of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux based on endoscopic anatomy. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1556-8; discussion 1559

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Lackgren, G., Wahlin, N., Skoldenberg, E., Neveus, T., Stenberg, A. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer is effective in either double ureters or a small kidney. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1551-5; discussion 1555

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Chand, D. H., Rhoades, T., Poe, S. A., Kraus, S., Strife, C. F. Incidence and severity of vesicoureteral reflux in children related to age, gender, race and diagnosis. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1548-50

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Barrieras, D., Lapointe, S., Houle, H. Is common sheath extravesical reimplantation an effective technique to correct reflux in duplicated collecting systems?. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1545-7; discussion 1547

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Puri, P., Chertin, B., Velayudham, M., Dass, L., Colhoun, E. Treatment of vesicoureteral reflux by endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic Acid copolymer: preliminary results. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1541-4; discussion 1544

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Cooper, C. S., Madsen, M. T., Austin, J. C., Hawtrey, C. E., Gerard, L. L., Graham, M. M. Bladder pressure at the onset of vesicoureteral reflux determined by nuclear cystometrogram. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1537-40; discussion 1540

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King, L. R. The development of the management of vesico-ureteric reflux in the USA. BJU Int. 2003 Oct; 92 Suppl 1: 4-6

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Langanke, K., Sager, M., Giger, A., Simonetti, G. D., Marra, G., Bianchetti, M. G. Implementation of recommendations in the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux after urinary tract infections in Swiss children. Swiss Med Wkly. 2003 Jul 12; 133: 385-7

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Fonseca, R. B., Duarte, P. S., Susuki, L. Vesicoureteral reflux in a patient with complete ureteral duplication detected on Tc-99m DTPA renography. Clin Nucl Med. 2003 Jun; 28: 498-500

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Anderson, N. G., Wright, S., Abbott, G. D., Wells, J. E., Mogridge, N. Fetal renal pelvic dilatation--poor predictor of familial vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Sep; 18: 902-5

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Wheeler, D., Vimalachandra, D., Hodson, E. M., Roy, L. P., Smith, G., Craig, J. C. Antibiotics and surgery for vesicoureteric reflux: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Arch Dis Child. 2003 Aug; 88: 688-94

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Marra, G., Oppezzo, C., Barberis, V., Bianchetti, M. G. Age at diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux after urinary infections: historical changes. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Jun; 92: 734-6

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Berzeg, S., Baumgart, E., Beyersdorff, D., Lenk, S., Kopka, L. Late complication of Boari bladder flap. Eur Radiol. 2003 Jul; 13: 1604-7

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Mate, A., Bargiela, A., Mosteiro, S., Diaz, A., Bello, M. J. Contrast ultrasound of the urethra in children. Eur Radiol. 2003 Jul; 13: 1534-7

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Latchamsetty, K. C., Mital, D., Jensik, S., Coogan, C. L. Use of collagen injections for vesicoureteral reflux in transplanted kidneys. Transplant Proc. 2003 Jun; 35: 1378-80

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Mor, Y., Leibovitch, I., Zalts, R., Lotan, D., Jonas, P., Ramon, J. Analysis of the long-term outcome of surgically corrected vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2003 Jul; 92: 97-100

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Stauss, J., Treves, S. T., Connolly, L. P. Lymphatic Tc-99m DMSA localization after partial-dose extravasation. Clin Nucl Med. 2003 Jul; 28: 618-9

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Chertin, B., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Epidermal growth factor and monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 expression in reflux nephropathy. Eur Urol. 2003 Jul; 44: 144-9

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Koslowe, O., Frank, R., Gauthier, B., Vergara, M., Trachtman, H. Urinary tract infections, VUR, and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Aug; 18: 823-5

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Futrakul, N., Laohaphaibul, A., Futrakul, P. Glomerular endothelial dysfunction and hemodynamic maladjustment in vesicoureteric reflux. Ren Fail. 2003 May; 25: 479-83

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Ascenti, G., Zimbaro, G., Mazziotti, S., Chimenz, R., Baldari, S., Fede, C. Vesicoureteral reflux: comparison between urosonography and radionuclide cystography. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Aug; 18: 768-71

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Grmek, M., Fettich, J. The importance of follow-up of children with vesicoureteral reflux grade 1. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Apr; 92: 435-8

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Goonasekera, C. D., Abeysekera, C. K. Vesicoureteric reflux and reflux nephropathy. Indian J Pediatr. 2003 Mar; 70: 241-9

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Kosar, A., Yesildag, A., Oyar, O., Perk, H., Gulsoy, U. Detection of vesico-ureteric reflux in children by colourflow Doppler ultrasonography. BJU Int. 2003 Jun; 91: 856-9

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Androulakakis, P. A., Stefanidis, A. A., Karamanolakis, D. K., Moutzouris, V., Koussidis, G. The long-term outcome of bilateral Cohen ureteric reimplantation under a common submucosal tunnel. BJU Int. 2003 Jun; 91: 853-5

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Unemoto, K., Chertin, B., Shima, H., Bi, X., Sakai, M., Puri, P. ICAM-1 expression is upregulated in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2003 Jul; 19: 391-4

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Tain, Y. L. Renal pelvic wall thickening in childhood urinary tract infections--evidence of acute pyelitis or vesicoureteral reflux?. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2003; 37: 28-30

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Sakhuja, V., Muthukumar, T., Sud, K., Gupta, A., Kohli, H. S., Jha, V., Gupta, K. L. Vesicoureteric reflux and reflux nephropathy as seen at a tertiary care adult nephrology service in India--an analysis of 86 patients. Ren Fail. 2003 Mar; 25: 173-81

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Kaneko, K., Ohtomo, Y., Shimizu, T., Yamashiro, Y., Yamataka, A., Miyano, T. Antibiotic prophylaxis by low-dose cefaclor in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 May; 18: 468-70

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Kallen, R. Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. N Engl J Med. 2003 May 1; 348: 1812-4; author reply 1812-4

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Gordon, I. Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. N Engl J Med. 2003 May 1; 348: 1812-4; author reply 1812-4

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Tasic, V., Todorovska, S. Echo-enhanced voiding urosonography for detection of vesicoureteric reflux in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Apr; 33: 286-7

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Stokland, E., Andreasson, S., Jacobsson, B., Jodal, U., Ljung, B. Sedation with midazolam for voiding cystourethrography in children: a randomised double-blind study. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Apr; 33: 247-9

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D'Errico, G. The role of nuclear medicine in evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux and/or reflux nephropathy. Rays. 2002 Apr-Jun; 27: 149-54

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Fettich, J., Colarinha, P., Fischer, S., Frokier, J., Gordon, I., Hahn, K., Kabasakal, L., Mann, M., Mitjavila, M., Olivier, P., Piepsz, A., Porn, U., Roca, I., Sixt, R., van Velzen, J. Guidelines for direct radionuclide cystography in children. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2003 May; 30: B39-44

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Chertin, B., De Caluwe, D., Puri, P. Endoscopic treatment of primary grades IV and V vesicoureteral reflux in children with subureteral injection of polytetrafluoroethylene. J Urol. 2003 May; 169: 1847-9; discussion 1849

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Upadhyay, J., Bolduc, S., Bagli, D. J., McLorie, G. A., Khoury, A. E., Farhat, W. Use of the dysfunctional voiding symptom score to predict resolution of vesicoureteral reflux in children with voiding dysfunction. J Urol. 2003 May; 169: 1842-6; discussion 1846; author reply 1846

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Upadhyay, J., McLorie, G. A., Bolduc, S., Bagli, D. J., Khoury, A. E., Farhat, W. Natural history of neonatal reflux associated with prenatal hydronephrosis: long-term results of a prospective study. J Urol. 2003 May; 169: 183741; discussion 1841; author reply 1841

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Fernandez-Menendez, J. M., Malaga, S., Matesanz, J. L., Solis, G., Alonso, S., Perez-Mendez, C. Risk factors in the development of early technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scintigraphy lesions during first urinary tract infection in children. Acta Paediatr. 2003; 92: 21-6

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Mazzola, B. L., von Vigier, R. O., Marchand, S., Tonz, M., Bianchetti, M. G. Behavioral and functional abnormalities linked with recurrent urinary tract infections in girls. J Nephrol. 2003 Jan-Feb; 16: 133-8

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Lama, G., Tedesco, M. A., Graziano, L., Calabrese, E., Grassia, C., Natale, F., Pacileo, G., Rambaldi, P. F., Esposito-Salsano, M. Reflux nephropathy and hypertension: correlation with the progression of renal damage. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Mar; 18: 241-5

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Courreges, P., Nieuviarts, R., Lecoutre, D. Anaesthetic management for Edward's syndrome. Paediatr Anaesth. 2003 Mar; 13: 267-9

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Mak, R. H., Kuo, H. J. Primary ureteral reflux: emerging insights from molecular and genetic studies. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Apr; 15: 181-5

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Riccabona, M., Mache, C. J., Lindbichler, F. Echo-enhanced color Doppler cystosonography of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Improvement by stimulated acoustic emission. Acta Radiol. 2003 Jan; 44: 18-23

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Kobelt, G., Canning, D. A., Hensle, T. W., Lackgren, G. The cost-effectiveness of endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2003 Apr; 169: 1480-4; discdussion 1484-5

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Leonidas, J. C. Help me help me help you. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jan; 33: 69

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Chen, J. J., Pugach, J., West, D., Naseer, S., Steinhardt, G. F. Infant vesicoureteral reflux: a comparison between patients presenting with a prenatal diagnosis and those presenting with a urinary tract infection. Urology. 2003 Feb; 61: 442-6; discussion 446-7

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Gordon, I., Barkovics, M., Pindoria, S., Cole, T. J., Woolf, A. S. Primary vesicoureteric reflux as a predictor of renal damage in children hospitalized with urinary tract infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Mar; 14: 739-44

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Tsuchimochi, S., Nakajo, M., Tanabe, H., Jinguji, M., Nakabeppu, Y., Tani, A. Unilateral vesicoureteral reflux detected by diuretic renography without voiding. Clin Nucl Med. 2003 Mar; 28: 228-9

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Agarwal, A., Kumar, A., Srivastava, A. High-grade vesicoureteral reflux in renal recipient: simultaneous ipsilateral nephroureterectomy with engraftement. Transplant Proc. 2003 Feb; 35: 317-8

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Sakamoto, W., Nakatani, T., Sakakura, T., Takegaki, Y., Ishi, K., Kamikawa, S., Sugimoto, T. Extraperitoneal laparoscopic Lich-Gregoir antireflux plasty for primary vesicoureteral reflux. Int J Urol. 2003 Feb; 10: 94-7; discussion 98

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Kawauchi, A., Fujito, A., Soh, J., Ukimura, O., Mizutani, Y., Miki, T. Laparoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux using the Lich-Gregoir technique: initial experience and technical aspects. Int J Urol. 2003 Feb; 10: 90-3

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Garcia-Nieto, V., Siverio, B., Monge, M., Toledo, C., Molini, N. Urinary calcium excretion in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2003 Mar; 18: 507-11

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Medina, L. S., Aguirre, E., Altman, N. R. Vesicoureteral reflux imaging in children: comparative cost analysis. Acad Radiol. 2003 Feb; 10: 139-44

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Pardo, R., Malaga, S., Coto, E., Navarro, M., Alvarez, V., Espinosa, L., Alvarez, R., Vallo, A., Loris, C., Braga, S. Renin-angiotensin system polymorphisms and renal scarring. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Feb; 18: 110-4

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Stenberg, A., Larsson, E., Lackgren, G. Endoscopic treatment with dextranomer-hyaluronic acid for vesicoureteral reflux: histological findings. J Urol. 2003 Mar; 169: 1109-13

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Tsuji, Y., Okamura, K., Nishimura, T., Okamoto, N., Kobayashi, M., Kinukawa, T., Ohshima, S. A new endoscopic ureteral reimplantation for primary vesicoureteral reflux (endoscopic trigonoplasty II). J Urol. 2003 Mar; 169: 1020-2

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Gloor, J. M., Ramsey, P. S., Ogburn, P. L., Jr., Danilenko-Dixon, D. R., DiMarco, C. S., Ramin, K. D. The association of isolated mild fetal hydronephrosis with postnatal vesicoureteral reflux. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2002 Sep; 12: 196-200

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Chou, I. C., Tsai, F. J., Yu, M. T., Tsai, C. H. Smith-Magenis syndrome with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux: a case report. J Formos Med Assoc. 2002 Oct; 101: 726-8

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Tanaka, Y., Kawauchi, A., Yoneda, K., Naitoh, Y., Yamao, Y., Iwasaki, H., Mizutani, Y., Miki, T. Vesicoureteral reflux detected among patients with nocturnal enuresis. Eur Urol. 2003 Jan; 43: 80-3

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Chu, W. C., Chan, K. W., Metreweli, C. Scintigraphic detection of 'yo-yo' phenomenon in incomplete ureteric duplication. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jan; 33: 59-61

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Piaggio, G., Degl' Innocenti, M. L., Toma, P., Calevo, M. G., Perfumo, F. Cystosonography and voiding cystourethrography in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Jan; 18: 18-22

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Haszon, I., Friedman, A. L., Papp, F., Bereczki, C., Baji, S., Bodrogi, T., Karoly, E., Endreffy, E., Turi, S. ACE gene polymorphism and renal scarring in primary vesicoureteric reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Dec; 17: 1027-31

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Aboutaleb, H., Bolduc, S., Upadhyay, J., Farhat, W., Bagli, D. J., Khoury, A. E. Subureteral polydimethylsiloxane injection versus extravesical reimplantation for primary low grade vesicoureteral reflux in children: a comparative study. J Urol. 2003 Jan; 169: 313-6

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Nakai, H., Kakizaki, H., Konda, R., Hayashi, Y., Hosokawa, S., Kawaguchi, S., Matsuoka, H., Nonomura, K., Shimada, K., Kawamura, T. Clinical characteristics of primary vesicoureteral reflux in infants: multicenter retrospective study in Japan. J Urol. 2003 Jan; 169: 309-12

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Chertin, B., Puri, P. Endoscopic management of vesicoureteral reflux: does it stand the test of time?. Eur Urol. 2002 Dec; 42: 598-606; discussion 606

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Chertin, B., Solari, V., Reen, D. J., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Up-regulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene expression induces tubulointerstitial injury in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Oct; 18: 635-9

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Chertin, B., Rolle, U., Farkas, A., Puri, P. The role of nitric oxide in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Oct; 18: 630-4

2410

McEwing, R. L., Anderson, N. G., Hellewell, S., Mitchell, J. Comparison of echo-enhanced ultrasound with fluoroscopic MCU for the detection of vesicoureteral reflux in neonates. Pediatr Radiol. 2002 Dec; 32: 853-8

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Schwab, C. W., Jr., Wu, H. Y., Selman, H., Smith, G. H., Snyder, H. M., 3rd, Canning, D. A. Spontaneous resolution of vesicoureteral reflux: a 15-year perspective. J Urol. 2002 Dec; 168: 2594-9

2430

Aragona, F. Re: Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: 11 to 17 years of followup. J Urol. 2002 Dec; 168: 2554-5; author reply 2555

2440

Oswald, J., Riccabona, M., Lusuardi, L., Bartsch, G., Radmayr, C. Prospective comparison and 1-year follow-up of a single endoscopic subureteral polydimethylsiloxane versus dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer injection for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Urology. 2002 Nov; 60: 894-7; discussion 898

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Kohler, J. R., Tencer, J., Thysell, H., Forsberg, L., Hellstrom, M. Long-term effects of reflux nephropathy on blood pressure and renal function in adults. Nephron Clin Pract. 2003 Jan; 93: C35-46

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Celik, A., Ulman, I., Aydin, M., Arikan, A., Avanoglu, A., Gokdemir, A. Familial vesicoureteral reflux in asymptomatic siblings. Turk J Pediatr. 2002 Jul-Sep; 44: 240-3

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Konda, R., Kakizaki, H., Nakai, H., Hayashi, Y., Hosokawa, S., Kawaguchi, S., Matuoka, H., Nonomura, K. Urinary concentrations of alpha-1-microglobulin and albumin in patients with reflux nephropathy before and after puberty. Nephron. 2002 Dec; 92: 812-6

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Al-Hunayan, A. A., Kehinde, E. O., Elsalam, M. A., Al-Mukhtar, R. S. Outcome of endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux in children using polydimethylsiloxane. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2181-3

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Benoit, R. M., Wise, B. V., Naslund, M. J., Mathews, R., Docimo, S. G. The effect of dysfunctional voiding on the costs of treating vesicoureteral reflux: a computer model. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2173-6; discussion 2176

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Shanberg, A. M., Zagnoev, M., Clougherty, T. P. Tension pneumothorax caused by the argon beam coagulator during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2162

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Hollowell, J. G., Greenfield, S. P. Screening siblings for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2138-41

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Thoeny, H. C., Sonnenschein, M. J., Madersbacher, S., Vock, P., Studer, U. E. Is ileal orthotopic bladder substitution with an afferent tubular segment detrimental to the upper urinary tract in the long term?. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2030-4; discussion 2034

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Webb, M., Fong, W. A large bladder calculus and severe vesicoureteric reflux as seen on Tc-99m MAG3 renography. Clin Nucl Med. 2002 Nov; 27: 803-4

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Nakamura, M., Wang, Y., Shigeta, K., Shinozaki, T., Taniguchi, N., Itoh, K. Simultaneous voiding cystourethrography and voiding urosonography: an in vitro and in vivo study. Clin Radiol. 2002 Sep; 57: 846-9

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Simforoosh, N., Tabibi, A., Basiri, A., Noorbala, M. H., Danesh, A. D., Ijadi, A. Is ureteral reimplantation necessary during augmentation cystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder and vesicoureteral reflux?. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1439-41

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Brophy, M. M., Austin, P. F., Yan, Y., Coplen, D. E. Vesicoureteral reflux and clinical outcomes in infants with prenatally detected hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1716-9; discussion 1719

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Cascio, S., Chertin, B., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. Renal parenchymal damage in male infants with high grade vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed after the first urinary tract infection. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1708-10; discussion 1710

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Yoneda, A., Cascio, S., Oue, T., Chertin, B., Puri, P. Risk factors for the development of renal parenchymal damage in familial vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1704-7

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Palmer, L. S., Franco, I., Rotario, P., Reda, E. F., Friedman, S. C., Kolligian, M. E., Brock, W. A., Levitt, S. B. Biofeedback therapy expedites the resolution of reflux in older children. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1699-702; discussion 1702-3

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Capozza, N., Lais, A., Matarazzo, E., Nappo, S., Patricolo, M., Caione, P. Influence of voiding dysfunction on the outcome of endoscopic treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1695-8

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Beylergil, V., Ergun, E. L. Vesicoureteral reflux to an ectopically located right kidney visualized on indirect radionuclide cystography. Clin Nucl Med. 2002 Oct; 27: 745-6

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Agostiniani, R., Fanos, V., Cataldi, L. New strategies for the diagnosis and follow-up of vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Med Chir. 2002 May-Jun; 24: 186-7

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Garin, E. H., Orta-Sibu, N., Campos, A. Primary vesicoureteral reflux in childhood. Adv Pediatr. 2002; 49: 341-57

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Leung, V. Y., Metreweli, C., Yeung, C. K. Immature ureteric jet doppler patterns and urinary tract infection and vesicoureteric reflux in children. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2002 Jul; 28: 873-8

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Tepmongkol, S., Chotipanich, C., Sirisalipoch, S., Chaiwatanarat, T., Vilaichon, A. O., Wattana, D. Relationship between vesicoureteral reflux and renal cortical scar development in Thai children: the significance of renal cortical scintigraphy and direct radionuclide cystography. J Med Assoc Thai. 2002 Jun; 85 Suppl 1: S203-9

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Yu, T. J. Extravesical diverticuloplasty for repair of a paraureteral diverticulum and the associated refluxing ureter. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168: 1135-7

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Tobias-Machado, M., Pinto, M. A., Juliano, R. V., Fugante, P. E., Wroclawski, E. R., Borrelli, M. Preliminary experience with ureteral intussusception in exclusive retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy: a simple and safe option for the resection of the distal ureter and bladder cuff. Arch Esp Urol. 2002 Jun; 55: 582-6

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Muensterer, O. J. Comprehensive ultrasound versus voiding cysturethrography in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux. Eur J Pediatr. 2002 Aug; 161: 435-7

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Cascio, S., Chertin, B., Yoneda, A., Rolle, U., Kelleher, J., Puri, P. Acute renal damage in infants after first urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 17: 503-5

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Howie, A. J., Buist, L. J., Coulthard, M. G. Reflux nephropathy in transplants. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 17: 48590

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Coulthard, M. G. Do kidneys outgrow the risk of reflux nephropathy?. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 17: 477-80

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Satoh, S., Inatomi, S., Kubota, M., Suita, S., Nakano, H. Antenatal sonographic detection of vesicoureteral reflux. A case report. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct; 17: 277-80

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Kenney, I. J., Negus, A. S., Miller, F. N. Is sonographically demonstrated mild distal ureteric dilatation predictive of vesicoureteric reflux as seen on micturating cystourethrography?. Pediatr Radiol. 2002 Mar; 32: 175-8

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Burns, J. A., Cooper, C. S., Austin, J. C. Cystic dysplasia of the testis associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis and contralateral crossed ectopia. Urology. 2002 Aug; 60: 344

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Snow, B. W. Risk of urinary tract infections in adults surgically treated for vesicoureteral reflux in childhood. J Urol. 2002 Aug; 168: 708

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Beetz, R., Mannhardt, W., Fisch, M., Stein, R., Thuroff, J. W. Long-term followup of 158 young adults surgically treated for vesicoureteral reflux in childhood: the ongoing risk of urinary tract infections. J Urol. 2002 Aug; 168: 704-7; discussion 707

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El-Ghoneimi, A., Deffarges, C., Hankard, R., Jean-Eudes, F., Aigrain, Y., Jacqz-Aigrain, E. Intravesical morphine analgesia is not effective after bladder surgery in children: results of a randomied double-blind study. J Urol. 2002 Aug; 168: 694-7

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De Caluwe, D., Chertin, B., Puri, P. Fate of the retained ureteral stump after upper pole heminephrectomy in duplex kidneys. J Urol. 2002 Aug; 168: 679-80

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Darge, K., Troeger, J. Vesicoureteral reflux grading in contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography. Eur J Radiol. 2002 Aug; 43: 122-8

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De Caluwe, D., Chertin, B., Puri, P. Long-term outcome of the retained ureteral stump after lower pole heminephrectomy in duplex kidneys. Eur Urol. 2002 Jul; 42: 63-6

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Sangkhathat, S., Patrapinyokul, S., Tadtayathikom, K. Associated genitourinary tract anomalies in anorectal malformations: a thirteen year review. J Med Assoc Thai. 2002 Mar; 85: 289-96

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Valentini, A. L., De Gaetano, A. M., Destito, C., Marino, V., Minordi, L. M., Marano, P. The accuracy of voiding urosonography in detecting vesico-ureteral reflux: a summary of existing data. Eur J Pediatr. 2002 Jul; 161: 380-4

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Rolle, U., Shima, H., Puri, P. Nitric oxide, enhanced by macrophage-colony stimulating factor, mediates renal damage in reflux nephropathy. Kidney Int. 2002 Aug; 62: 507-13

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Wilkinson, A. G. Percutaneous direct radionuclide cystography in children: description of technique and early experience. Pediatr Radiol. 2002 Jul; 32: 511-7

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Ismaili, K., Avni, F. E., Hall, M. Results of systematic voiding cystourethrography in infants with antenatally diagnosed renal pelvis dilation. J Pediatr. 2002 Jul; 141: 21-4

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Halpern, E. J., Frauscher, F. Diagnosis and grading of vesicoureteral reflux. Radiology. 2002 Jul; 224: 293; author reply 293-4

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Hensle, T. W., Fagelman, E. Vesicoureteral reflux and end-stage renal disease. Curr Urol Rep. 2001 Apr; 2: 101

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Cooper, C. S., Andrews, J. I., Hansen, W. F., Yankowitz, J. Antenatal hydronephrosis: evaluation and outcome. Curr Urol Rep. 2002 Apr; 3: 131-8

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Stenberg, A., Hensle, T. W., Lackgren, G. Vesicoureteral reflux: a new treatment algorithm. Curr Urol Rep. 2002 Apr; 3: 107-14

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Yildizdas, D., Antmen, B., Bayram, I., Yapicioglu, H. Klippel-trenaunay-Weber syndrome with hydronephrosis and vesicoureteral reflux: an unusual association. Turk J Pediatr. 2002 Apr-Jun; 44: 180-2

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Mahant, S., Friedman, J., MacArthur, C. Renal ultrasound findings and vesicoureteral reflux in children hospitalised with urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 2002 Jun; 86: 419-20

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Cascio, S., Sweeney, B., Granata, C., Piaggio, G., Jasonni, V., Puri, P. Vesicoureteral reflux and ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children with horseshoe kidney: treatment and outcome. J Urol. 2002 Jun; 167: 2566-8

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Miller, O. F., Bloom, T. L., Smith, L. J., McAleer, I. M., Kaplan, G. W., Kolon, T. F. Early hospital discharge for intravesical ureteroneocystostomy. J Urol. 2002 Jun; 167: 2556-9

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Giacomello, L., Camoglio, F. S., Cecchetto, M., Balducci, T., Cervellione, M., Ottolenghi, A. Endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteral reflux and urinary incontinence. Pediatr Med Chir. 2002 Mar-Apr; 24: 134-6

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Noe, H. N. Scintigraphic screening for renal damage in siblings of children with asymptomatic primary vesicoureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2002 May; 89: 792-3; author reply 793

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Anderson, P. D., Dewan, P. A. Catheter-less Cohen transtrigonal ureteric reimplantation. BJU Int. 2002 May; 89: 722-5

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Mentzel, H. J., Vogt, S., John, U., Kaiser, W. A. Voiding urosonography with ultrasonography contrast medium in children. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Apr; 17: 272-6

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Kuzmic, A. C., Brkljacic, B. Color Doppler ultrasonography in the assessment of vesicoureteric reflux in children with bladder dysfunction. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Mar; 18: 135-9

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Bhatnagar, V., Mitra, D. K., Agarwala, S., Kumar, R., Patel, C., Malhotra, A. K., Gupta, A. K. The role of DMSA scans in evaluation of the correlation between urinary tract infection, vesicoureteric reflux, and renal scarring. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Mar; 18: 128-34

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Dudley, J., Johnston, A., Gardner, A., McGraw, M. The deletion polymorphism of the ACE gene is not an independent risk factor for renal scarring in children with vesico-ureteric reflux. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002 Apr; 17: 652-4

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Yapar, Z., Sukan, A., Kibar, M. Vesicoureteral reflux causing misinterpretation of a Tc-99m DTPA scan. Clin Nucl Med. 2002 Apr; 27: 290-2

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Barroso, U., Jr., Calado, A. A., Filho, M. Z. The role of refluxing distal ureteral stumps after nephrectomy. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Apr; 37: 653-6

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Lasaponara, F., Manassero, F., Catti, M., Rossi, R., Ferrando, U. The use of the small caliber JJ stent with antireflux valve in double kidney transplant. Personal experience. Minerva Urol Nefrol. 2002 Mar; 54: 9-13

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Chen, H. W., Lin, G. J., Lai, C. H., Chu, S. H., Chuang, C. K. Minimally invasive extravesical ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2002 Apr; 167: 1821-3

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Swallow, V. M., Jacoby, A. Mothers' evolving relationships with doctors and nurses during the chronic childhood illness trajectory. J Adv Nurs. 2001 Dec; 36: 755-64

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Farhat, W., McLorie, G., Bagli, D., Khoury, A. Greater reliability of neonatal ultrasonography in defining renal hypoplasia with antenatal hydronephrosis and vesicoureteral reflux. Can J Urol. 2002 Feb; 9: 1459-63

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Papadopoulou, F., Efremidis, S. C., Oiconomou, A., Badouraki, M., Panteleli, M., Papachristou, F., Soteriou, I. Cyclic voiding cystourethrography: is vesicoureteral reflux missed with standard voiding cystourethrography?. Eur Radiol. 2002 Mar; 12: 666-70

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Papadaki, P. J., Vlychou, M. K., Zavras, G. M., Baltas, C. S., Kouni, S. N., Poulou, K. E., Rapidi, A. C., Petropoulou, K., Manavis, J. B. Investigation of vesicoureteral reflux with colour Doppler sonography in adult patients with spinal cord injury. Eur Radiol. 2002 Feb; 12: 366-70

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Capozza, N., Caione, P. Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer implantation for vesico-ureteral reflux: a randomized comparison with antibiotic prophylaxis. J Pediatr. 2002 Feb; 140: 230-4

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Vaidyanathan, S., Singh, G., Soni, B. M., Hughes, P. L., Parsons, K. F., Sett, P. Vesicoureteral reflux and bladder management in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord. 2002 Mar; 40: 150-2

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Rippentrop, J. M., Cooper, C. S., Hawtrey, C. E. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in a dysplastic kidney with reflux associated with posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 2002 Mar; 167: 1431-2

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Radmayr, C., Klauser, A., Pallwein, L., Zurnedden, D., Bartsch, G., Frauscher, F. Contrast enhanced reflux sonography in children: a comparison to standard radiological imaging. J Urol. 2002 Mar; 167: 1428-30

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Diamond, J. A., Bierman, F., Gauthier, B. New onset severe hypertension in an asymptomatic 6-year-old girl. Am J Hypertens. 2002 Jan; 15: 99-100

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Nomura, S., Ishido, T., Tanaka, K., Komiya, A. Augmentation ileocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or spina bifida. Spinal Cord. 2002 Jan; 40: 30-3

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Chertin, B., Rolle, U., Cascio, S., McDermot, M., O'Briain, S., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Upregulation of angiotensin II receptors in reflux nephropathy. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Feb; 37: 251-5

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Cascio, S., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. Megaprepuce associated with vesicoureteric reflux. Eur Urol. 2001 Dec; 40: 6968

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Miller, E. M., Neitzschman, H. R. Radiology Case of the month. Radiologic evaluation for chronic urinary tract infections in a child. Grade IV vesicoureteral reflux of the left kidney. J La State Med Soc. 2001 Dec; 153: 583-5

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Kaplan, G. W., McAleer, I. M. Cystoscopy and vesicoureteral reflux. Letter to the editor. Urology. 2002 Jan; 59: 171-2

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Darge, K. Diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux with ultrasonography. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jan; 17: 52-60

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Lee, S. Y., Chow, C. B. Vesicoureteric reflux in Chinese children. Br J Radiol. 2001 Dec; 74: 1162-3

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Inaba, M., Ukimura, O., Kawauchi, A., Iwata, T., Kanazawa, M., Ushijima, S., Ochiai, A., Kojima, M., Miki, T. Possible use of ultrasound estimated bladder weight in evaluating vesicoureteral reflux in children. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2001 Nov; 27: 1481-4

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Kmetec, A., Buturovic-Ponikvar, J., Kandus, A., Bren, A. F. The value of renal resistive index for the detection of vesicoureteral reflux in renal transplant recipients. Transplant Proc. 2001 Nov-Dec; 33: 3385-7

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Kmetec, A., Kaplan-Pavlovcic, S., Kandus, A., Bren, A. F. Surgical management of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux in renal transplant recipients. Transplant Proc. 2001 Nov-Dec; 33: 3383-4

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Grossklaus, D. J., Pope, J. C., Adams, M. C., Brock, J. W. Is postoperative cystography necessary after ureteral reimplantation?. Urology. 2001 Dec; 58: 1041-5

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Kawauchi, A., Takahara, S., Sada, M., Goto, R., Nakatani, T., Miki, T. Susceptibility to vesicoureteral reflux in Japanese is linked to HLA-DR antigen. Urology. 2001 Dec; 58: 1036-40

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Minevich, E., Tackett, L., Wacksman, J., Sheldon, C. A. Extravesical common sheath detrusorrhaphy (ureteroneocystotomy) and reflux in duplicated collecting systems. J Urol. 2002 Jan; 167: 288-90

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de Kort, L. M., Klijn, A. J., Uiterwaal, C. S., de Jong, T. P. Ureteral reimplantation in infants and children: effect on bladder function. J Urol. 2002 Jan; 167: 285-7

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Parekh, D. J., Pope, J. C., 4th, Adams, M. C., Brock, J. W., 3rd Outcome of sibling vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2002 Jan; 167: 283-4

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Zaontz, M. R. Re: the pelvic plexus and antireflux surgery: topographical findings and clinical consequences. J. Leissner, E.P. Allhoff, W. Wolff, C. Feja, M. Hockel, P. Black, and R. Hohenfellner. J Urol, 165: 1652-1655, 2001. J Urol. 2002 Jan; 167: 260

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Darge, K., Zieger, B., Rohrschneider, W., Ghods, S., Wunsch, R., Troeger, J. Contrast-enhanced harmonic imaging for the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Dec; 177: 1411-5

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Smellie, J. M., Jodal, U., Lax, H., Mobius, T. T., Hirche, H., Olbing, H. Outcome at 10 years of severe vesicoureteric reflux managed medically: Report of the International Reflux Study in Children. J Pediatr. 2001 Nov; 139: 656-63

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Arant, B. S., Jr. Vesicoureteral reflux and evidence-based management. J Pediatr. 2001 Nov; 139: 620-1

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Manunta, A., Patard, J. J., Guille, F., Moussa, M. A., Morin, G., Guiraud, P., Lobel, B. Recurrent pyelonephritis without vesicoureteral reflux: is there a role for an antireflux procedure?. J Endourol. 2001 Sep; 15: 707-10

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Connolly, L. P., Zurakowski, D., Connolly, S. A., Peters, C. A., Drubach, L. A., Cilento, B. G., Jr., Treves, S. T. Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux in girls after age 5 years. J Urol. 2001 Dec; 166: 2359-63

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Darge, K., Ghods, S., Zieger, B., Rohrschneider, W., Troeger, J. Reduction in voiding cystourethrographies after the introduction of contrast enhanced sonographic reflux diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2001 Nov; 31: 790-5

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Berrocal, T., Gaya, F., Arjonilla, A., Lonergan, G. J. Vesicoureteral reflux: diagnosis and grading with echoenhanced cystosonography versus voiding cystourethrography. Radiology. 2001 Nov; 221: 359-65

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O'Hara, S. M. Vesicoureteral reflux: latest option for evaluation in children. Radiology. 2001 Nov; 221: 283-4

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Kenda, R. B., Kenig, A., Novljan, G., Ponikvar, R., Ponikvar, J. B. Cyclic voiding urosonography for detecting vesicoureteric reflux in renal transplant recipients. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Nov; 16: 2229-31

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Androulakakis, P. A., Stephanidis, A., Antoniou, A., Christophoridis, C. Outcome of the distal ureteric stump after (hemi)nephrectomy and subtotal ureterectomy for reflux or obstruction. BJU Int. 2001 Oct; 88: 586-9

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Mahant, S., To, T., Friedman, J. Timing of voiding cystourethrogram in the investigation of urinary tract infections in children. J Pediatr. 2001 Oct; 139: 568-71

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sorted by Reference Number

3540

Capozza, N., Patricolo, M., Lais, A., Matarazzo, E., Caione, P. Endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteral reflux: twelve years' experience. Urol Int. 2001; 67: 228-31

3550

Schuster, T., Stehr, M., Rossmuller, B., Dietz, H. G., Hahn, K. Clinical impact of differential renal function to indicate and assess pyeloplasty and the significance of coexisting vesicoureteral reflux. Clin Nucl Med. 2001 Nov; 26: 923-9

3560

Lackgren, G., Wahlin, N., Skoldenberg, E., Stenberg, A. Long-term followup of children treated with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Nov; 166: 1887-92

3570

Herz, D., Hafez, A., Bagli, D., Capolicchio, G., McLorie, G., Khoury, A. Efficacy of endoscopic subureteral polydimethylsiloxane injection for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children: a North American clinical report. J Urol. 2001 Nov; 166: 1880-6

3580

Gill, I. S., Ponsky, L. E., Desai, M., Kay, R., Ross, J. H. Laparoscopic cross-trigonal Cohen ureteroneocystostomy: novel technique. J Urol. 2001 Nov; 166: 1811-4

3590

Shioji, Y., Muraishi, O., Tokue, A. Covering of the terminal ureter with de-serosalized muscle layer of the ileum for antireflux ureteroileostomy: an experimental study in dogs and a preliminary clinical trial. Urol Res. 2001 Aug; 29: 256-62

3600

Ghoneim, M. A. Ureterointestinal anastomosis in continent urinary diversion: an antirefluxing procedure--is it necessary?. Tech Urol. 2001 Sep; 7: 203-8

3610

Stefanidis, C. J. Reflux nephropathy in children. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001; 16 Suppl 6: 117-9

3620

Gallego, N., Estepa, R., Telleria, D., San Millan, J. L., Belanger, A., Ortuno, J. Angiotensin I converting enzyme gene polymorphism and reflux nephropathy in children. Nephron. 2001 Oct; 89: 231-2

3630

Poulton, A. Screening for vesicoureteric reflux. J Paediatr Child Health. 2001 Aug; 37: 416

3640

Thompson, R. H., Chen, J. J., Pugach, J., Naseer, S., Steinhardt, G. F. Cessation of prophylactic antibiotics for managing persistent vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Oct; 166: 1465-9

3650

Herndon, C. D., DeCambre, M., McKenna, P. H. Changing concepts concerning the management of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Oct; 166: 1439-43

3660

Joseph, D. B. Re: Survey results on medical and surgical followup of patients with vesicoureteral reflux from American Association of Pediatrics, Section on Urology members. J Urol. 2001 Oct; 166: 1403

3670

Blank, E. Treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. Lancet. 2001 Aug 25; 358: 665

3680

Ohtomo, Y., Nagaoka, R., Kaneko, K., Fukuda, Y., Miyano, T., Yamashiro, Y. Angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism in primary vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Aug; 16: 648-52

3690

Barroso, U., Jr., Jednak, R., Barthold, J. S., Gonzalez, R. Outcome of ureteral reimplantation in children with the urge syndrome. J Urol. 2001 Sep; 166: 1031-5

3700

Rodriguez, L. V., Spielman, D., Herfkens, R. J., Shortliffe, L. D. Magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of hydronephrosis, reflux and renal scarring in children. J Urol. 2001 Sep; 166: 1023-7

3710

Kim, K. S., Kim, Y., Oh, S. J. Natural history of refluxing distal ureteral stumps following upper tract surgery in children with ectopic ureter or ureterocele. Urol Int. 2001; 67: 142-6

3720

Arena, F., Romeo, C., Cruccetti, A., Centonze, A., Basile, M., Arena, S., Romeo, G. Fetal vesicoureteral reflux: neonatal findings and follow-up study. Pediatr Med Chir. 2001 Jan-Feb; 23: 31-4

3730

Sweeney, B., Cascio, S., Velayudham, M., Puri, P. Reflux nephropathy in infancy: a comparison of infants presenting with and without urinary tract infection. J Urol. 2001 Aug; 166: 648-50

3740

Cascio, S., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. Bacterial colonization of the prepuce in boys with vesicoureteral reflux who receive antibiotic prophylaxis. J Pediatr. 2001 Jul; 139: 160-2

3750

Kohler, J., Thysell, H., Tencer, J., Forsberg, L., Hellstrom, M. Long-term follow-up of reflux nephropathy in adults with vesicoureteral reflux--radiological and pathoanatomical analysis. Acta Radiol. 2001 Jul; 42: 355-64

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sorted by Reference Number

3760

Woolf, S. H. The logic and limits of shared decision making. J Urol. 2001 Jul; 166: 244-5

3770

Ogan, K., Pohl, H. G., Carlson, D., Belman, A. B., Rushton, H. G. Parental preferences in the management of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Jul; 166: 240-3

3780

Valentini, A. L., Salvaggio, E., Manzoni, C., Rendeli, C., Destito, C., Summaria, V., Campioni, P., Marano, P. Contrast-enhanced gray-scale and color Doppler voiding urosonography versus voiding cystourethrography in the diagnosis and grading of vesicoureteral reflux. J Clin Ultrasound. 2001 Feb; 29: 65-71

3790

Tada, M., Jimi, S., Hisano, S., Sasatomi, Y., Oshima, K., Matsuoka, H., Takebayashi, S. Histopathological evidence of poor prognosis in patients with vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Jun; 16: 482-7

3800

Deogaygay, B., Gulanikar, A. C., Hamrick-Turner, J. E., Crook, E. D. Renal scars masquerading as complex masses in a patient with vesicoureteral reflux nephropathy. Am J Med Sci. 2001 Jun; 321: 411-4

3810

Yoneda, A., Oue, T., Puri, P. Angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype distribution in familial vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Surg Int. 2001 May; 17: 308-11

3820

Fanos, V., Sinaguglia, G., Vino, L., Pizzini, C., Portuese, A. Multicystic dysplastic kidney and contralateral vesicoureteral reflux. Renal growth. Minerva Pediatr. 2001 Apr; 53: 95-8

3830

Shah, N., Kabir, M. J., Lane, T., Avenell, S., Shah, P. J. Vesico-ureteric reflux in adults with neuropathic bladders treated with Polydimethylsiloxane (Macroplastique). Spinal Cord. 2001 Feb; 39: 92-6

3840

Polito, C., Rambaldi, P. F., Mansi, L., Di Toro, R., La Manna, A. Unilateral vesicoureteric reflux: Low prevalence of contralateral renal damage. J Pediatr. 2001 Jun; 138: 875-9

3850

Decter, R. M. Vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Rev. 2001 Jun; 22: 205-10

3860

Howard, R. G., Roebuck, D. J., Yeung, P. A., Chan, K. W., Metreweli, C. Vesicoureteric reflux and renal scarring in Chinese children. Br J Radiol. 2001 Apr; 74: 331-4

3870

Makowska-Webb, J., Conway, J. D. Case report: Vesico-ureteric reflux demonstrated during barium enema examination in a patient with enterovesical fistula. Clin Radiol. 2001 May; 56: 420-1

3880

Anderson, P. D., Dewan, P. A. Ureterocystoplasty: an alternative reconstructive procedure to enterocystoplasty in suitable cases. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Jun; 36: 962

3890

Lopes, J. F., Cendron, M., Ellsworth, P. I. Cystoscopy at the time of ureteral reimplantation for primary vesicoureteral reflux: is it necessary? Incidence of undetected anomalies and cost. Urology. 2001 Jun; 57: 11568; discussion 1158-9

3900

Kim, Y. S., Do, S. H., Hong, C. H., Kim, M. J., Choi, S. K., Han, S. W. Does every patient with ureteropelvic junction obstruction need voiding cystourethrography?. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2305-7

3910

Lopez Pereira, P., Martinez Urrutia, M. J., Lobato Romera, R., Jaureguizar, E. Should we treat vesicoureteral reflux in patients who simultaneously undergo bladder augmentation for neuropathic bladder?. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2259-61

3920

Foresman, W. H., Hulbert, W. C., Jr., Rabinowitz, R. Does urinary tract ultrasonography at hospitalization for acute pyelonephritis predict vesicoureteral reflux?. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2232-4

3930

Marotte, J. B., Smith, D. P. Extravesical ureteral reimplantations for the correction of primary reflux can be done as outpatient procedures. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2228-31

3940

Caldamone, A. A., Diamond, D. A. Long-term results of the endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux in children using autologous chondrocytes. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2224-7

3950

Kawauchi, A., Yamao, Y., Ukimura, O., Kamoi, K., Soh, J., Miki, T. Evaluation of reflux kidney using renal resistive index. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2010-2

3960

Stock, J. A., Hanna, M. K. Re: 99m technetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scintigraphy abnormalities in infants with sterile high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2006-7

3970

Tsau, Y. K. Urinary tract infection, vesicoureteric reflux and pyelonephritis. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 2001 Mar-Apr; 42: 69

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3980

Smellie, J. M., Barratt, T. M., Chantler, C., Gordon, I., Prescod, N. P., Ransley, P. G., Woolf, A. S. Medical versus surgical treatment in children with severe bilateral vesicoureteric reflux and bilateral nephropathy: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2001 Apr 28; 357: 1329-33

3990

Nijman, R. J. Vesicoureteric reflux: to operate or not?. Lancet. 2001 Apr 28; 357: 1309-10

4000

Leissner, J., Allhoff, E. P., Wolff, W., Feja, C., Hockel, M., Black, P., Hohenfellner, R. The pelvic plexus and antireflux surgery: topographical findings and clinical consequences. J Urol. 2001 May; 165: 1652-5

4010

Podesta, M. L., Ruarte, A., Herrera, M., Medel, R., Castera, R. Bladder functional outcome after delayed vesicostomy closure and antireflux surgery in young infants with 'primary' vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 473-9

4020

Mevorach, R. A., Cilento, B., Zahorian, S., Badgett, C., Walker, R., Atala, A., Iannello, S., Meyer, M. A noninvasive test for vesico-ureteric reflux in children. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 467-72

4030

Bonnin, F., Lottmann, H., Sauty, L., Garel, C., Archambaud, F., Baudouin, V., El Ghoneimi, A., Loirat, C., Bok, B. D., Aigrain, Y. Scintigraphic screening for renal damage in siblings of children with symptomatic primary vesicoureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 463-6

4040

Godley, M. L., Desai, D., Yeung, C. K., Dhillon, H. K., Duffy, P. G., Ransley, P. G. The relationship between early renal status, and the resolution of vesico-ureteric reflux and bladder function at 16 months. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 457-62

4050

Figenshau, R. S., Yu, M. K. Laparoscopic nephrectomy and nephroureterectomy in the pediatric patient. Urol Clin North Am. 2001 Feb; 28: 53-60, viii

4060

Everaert, K., Van Laecke, E., Dekuyper, P., Hoebeke, P., Delanghe, J., Oosterlinck, W., Vande Walle, J. Impact of urinary tract infection and detrusor pressure on renal tubular function in patients with vesicoureteral reflux. Eur Urol. 2001 Mar; 39: 337-42

4070

Lavine, M. A., Siddiq, F. M., Cahn, D. J., Caesar, R. E., Koyle, M. A., Caldamone, A. A. Vesicoureteral reflux after ureteroneocystostomy: indications for postoperative voiding cystography. Tech Urol. 2001 Mar; 7: 50-4

4080

Schiepers, C., Mesotten, L., Proesmans, W., Vereecken, R., Verbruggen, A., de Roo, M. Surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux: 5-year follow-up with 99Tcm-DMSA scintigraphy. Nucl Med Commun. 2001 Feb; 22: 217-24

4090

Suzuki, T., Ushiyama, T. Vesicoureteral reflux in the early stage of spinal cord injury: a retrospective study. Spinal Cord. 2001 Jan; 39: 23-5

4100

Escape, I., Martinez, J., Bastart, F., Solduga, C., Sala, P. Usefulness of echocystography in the study of vesicoureteral reflux. J Ultrasound Med. 2001 Feb; 20: 145-9

4110

Kmetec, A., Bren, A. F., Kandus, A., Fettich, J., Buturovic-Ponikvar, J. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound voiding cystography as a screening examination for vesicoureteral reflux in the follow-up of renal transplant recipients: a new approach. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Jan; 16: 120-3

4120

Kohler, J., Thysell, H., Tencer, J., Forsberg, L., Hellstrom, M. Conservative treatment and anti-reflux surgery in adults with vesico-ureteral reflux: effect on urinary-tract infections, renal function and loin pain in a long-term follow-up study. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Jan; 16: 52-60

4130

Kenda, R. B. Imaging techniques for the detection of vesicoureteric reflux: what and when?. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Jan; 16: 4-7

4140

Kuczynska, R., Czerwionka-Szaflarska, M. Incidence of vesicoureteral reflux in siblings of children with reflux-our own observations. Med Sci Monit. 2001 Jan-Feb; 7: 116-20

4150

Kuczynska, R., Czerwionka-Szaflarska, M. Outcomes of conservative treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. Med Sci Monit. 2000 Sep-Oct; 6: 951-6

4160

Herndon, C. D., Ferrer, F. A., McKenna, P. H. Survey results on medical and surgical followup of patients with vesicoureteral reflux from American Association of Pediatrics, Section on Urology members. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165: 559-63

4170

Inoue, K., Nakamoto, T., Usui, A., Usui, T. Evaluation of antibody class in response to endoscopic subureteral collagen injection in patients with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165: 555-8

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sorted by Reference Number

4180

Lashley, D. B., McAleer, I. M., Kaplan, G. W. Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux or obstruction associated with complete ureteral duplication. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165: 552-4

4190

Ferrer, F. A., Herndon, C. D., McKenna, P. H. Citrobacter diversus urosepsis and cerebral abscess in a child with antenatal hydronephrosis. Urology. 1999 Dec; 54: 1097

4200

Chahal, R. Re: Ileal ureteral substitution in reconstructive urological surgery: is an antireflux procedure necessary?. J Urol. 2000 May; 163: 1524

4210

Swallow, V. M., Jacoby, A. Mothers' coping in chronic childhood illness: the effect of presymptomatic diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux. J Adv Nurs. 2001 Jan; 33: 69-78

4220

Lama, G., Russo, M., De Rosa, E., Mansi, L., Piscitelli, A., Luongo, I., Esposito Salsano, M. Primary vesicoureteric reflux and renal damage in the first year of life. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Dec; 15: 205-10

4230

Greenfield, S. P., Wan, J. The relationship between dysfunctional voiding and congenital vesicoureteral reflux. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov; 10: 607-10

4240

McKenna, P. H., Herndon, C. D. Voiding dysfunction associated with incontinence, vesicoureteral reflux and recurrent urinary tract infections. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov; 10: 599-606

4250

Puri, P. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov; 10: 593-7

4260

Agarwal, S. Vesicoureteral reflux and urinary tract infections. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov; 10: 587-92

4270

Elder, J. S. Guidelines for consideration for surgical repair of vesicoureteral reflux. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Nov; 10: 579-85

4280

Wang, J., Konda, R., Sato, H., Sakai, K., Ito, S., Orikasa, S. Clinical significance of urinary interleukin-6 in children with reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 2001 Jan; 165: 210-4

4290

McLaren, C. J., Simpson, E. T. Direct comparison of radiology and nuclear medicine cystograms in young infants with vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2001 Jan; 87: 93-7

4300

McIlroy, P. J., Abbott, G. D., Anderson, N. G., Turner, J. G., Mogridge, N., Wells, J. E. Outcome of primary vesicoureteric reflux detected following fetal renal pelvic dilatation. J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Dec; 36: 569-73

4310

Ascenti, G., Chimenz, R., Zimbaro, G., Mazziotti, S., Scribano, E., Fede, C., Ricca, M. Potential role of colourDoppler cystosonography with echocontrast in the screening and follow-up of vesicoureteral reflux. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Nov; 89: 1336-9

4320

Elert, A., Becker, T., Heidenreich, A., Hofmann, R. Clinical quiz. Vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Nov; 15: 163-4

4330

Ranchin, B., Chapuis, F., Dawhara, M., Canterino, I., Hadj-Aissa, A., Said, M. H., Parchoux, B., Dubourg, L., Pouillaude, J. M., Floret, D., Martin, X., Cochat, P. Vesicoureteral reflux after kidney transplantation in children. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2000 Nov; 15: 1852-8

4340

North, R. A., Taylor, R. S., Gunn, T. R. Pregnancy outcome in women with reflux nephropathy and the inheritance of vesico-ureteric reflux. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2000 Aug; 40: 280-5

4350

Lakshmanan, Y., Fung, L. C. Laparoscopic extravesicular ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux: recent technical advances. J Endourol. 2000 Sep; 14: 589-93; discussion 593-4

4360

Nguyen, H. T., Bauer, S. B., Peters, C. A., Connolly, L. P., Gobet, R., Borer, J. G., Barnewolt, C. E., Ephraim, P. L., Treves, S. T., Retik, A. B. 99m Technetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scintigraphy abnormalities in infants with sterile high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Nov; 164: 1674-8; discussion 1678-9

4370

Sargent, M. A. What is the normal prevalence of vesicoureteral reflux?. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Sep; 30: 587-93

4380

Capitanucci, M. L., Silveri, M., Mosiello, G., Zaccara, A., Capozza, N., de Gennaro, M. Prevalence of hypercontractility in male and female infants with vesico-ureteral reflux. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Jun; 10: 172-6

4390

Eccles, M. R., Jacobs, G. H. The genetics of primary vesico-ureteric reflux. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2000 May; 29: 337-45

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4400

Nielsen, J. B., Frokiaer, J., Rehling, M., Jorgensen, T. M., Djurhuus, J. C. A 14-year follow-up of conservative treatment for vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2000 Sep; 86: 502-7

4410

Lam, D. S., Dias, L. S., Moore, K. H., Burcher, E. Angiotensin II in child urinary bladder: functional and autoradiographic studies. BJU Int. 2000 Sep; 86: 494-501

4420

Park, H. W., Koo, J. W., Kim, J. S., Ha, I. S., Cheong, H. I., Choi, Y. Association of angiotensin I converting enzyme gene polymorphism with reflux nephropathy in children. Nephron. 2000 Sep; 86: 52-5

4430

Olbing, H., Hirche, H., Koskimies, O., Lax, H., Seppanen, U., Smellie, J. M., Tamminen-Mobius, T., Wikstad, I. Renal growth in children with severe vesicoureteral reflux: 10-year prospective study of medical and surgical treatment: the International Reflux Study in Children (European branch). Radiology. 2000 Sep; 216: 731-7

4440

Steffens, J., Langen, P. H., Haben, B., Hiebl, R., Steffens, L., Polsky, M. S. Politano-leadbetter ureteroneocystostomy. A 30-year experience. Urol Int. 2000; 65: 9-14

4450

Barrieras, D., Lapointe, S., Reddy, P. P., Williot, P., McLorie, G. A., Bigli, D., Khoury, A. E., Merguerian, P. A. Are postoperative studies justified after extravescial ureteral reimplantation?. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1064-6

4460

Pomeranz, A., El-Khayam, A., Korzets, Z., Kessler, O. J., Godfrey, L., Katz, B., Wolach, B. A bioassay evaluation of the urinary antibacterial efficacy of low dose prophylactic antibiotics in children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1070-3

4470

Neel, K. F., Shillinger, J. F. The prevalence of persistent vesicoureteral reflux after 1 negative nuclear medicine cystogram. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1067-9

4480

Caione, P., Capozza, N., Asili, L., Lais, A., Matarazzo, E. Is primary obstructive megaureter repair at risk for contralateral reflux?. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1061-3

4490

Farhat, W., McLorie, G., Geary, D., Capolicchio, G., Bagli, D., Merguerian, P., Khoury, A. The natural history of neonatal vesicoureteral reflux associated with antenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1057-60

4500

Polito, C., Rambaldi, P. F., La Manna, A., Mansi, L., Di Toro, R. Enhanced detection of vesicoureteric reflux with isotopic cystography. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Aug; 14: 827-30

4510

Bald, M., Hauffa, B. P., Wingen, A. M. Hypothyroidism mimicking chronic renal failure in reflux nephropathy. Arch Dis Child. 2000 Sep; 83: 251-2

4520

Fujimatsu, A. Diagnosis of intrarenal reflux and its role in pathogenesis of reflux nephropathy in children. Kurume Med J. 2000; 47: 109-14

4530

De Palma, D., Manzoni, G. A. The detection of vesicoureteral reflux in the nonfunctioning lower half of an occult' duplex kidney by Tc-99m MAG3 indirect radionuclide cystography. Clin Nucl Med. 2000 Aug; 25: 628-9

4540

Oostenbrink, R., van der Heijden, A. J., Moons, K. G., Moll, H. A. Prediction of vesico-ureteric reflux in childhood urinary tract infection: a multivariate approach. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Jul; 89: 806-10

4550

Jodal, U. Selective approach to diagnostic imaging of children after urinary tract infection. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Jul; 89: 767-8

4560

Farina, R., Arena, C., Pennisi, F., Di Benedetto, V., Politi, G., Di Benedetto, A. Vesico-ureteral reflux: diagnosis and staging with voiding color Doppler US: preliminary experience. Eur J Radiol. 2000 Jul; 35: 49-53

4570

Polito, C., La Manna, A., Rambaldi, P. F., Nappi, B., Mansi, L., Di Toro, R. High incidence of a generally small kidney and primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Aug; 164: 479-82

4580

Inoue, K., Nakamoto, T., Usui, A., Usui, T. Endoscopic subureteral glutaraldehyde cross-linked collagen injection for the treatment of secondary vesicoureteral reflux: comparison with primary vesicoureteral reflux in adults. J Urol. 2000 Aug; 164: 336-9

4590

Geller, E., Wolfson, B. J., Rabinovitch, H. Multiple pelvoureteric diverticulosis in a 1-month-old infant with a del(10p) chromosomal abnormality presenting with UTI and VUR. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Jun; 30: 398-9

4600

Ostrowski, M., Wlodarczyk, Z., Wesolowski, T., Gracz, H., Sluzar, T., Sienko, J., Lubikowski, J., Bohatyrewicz, R. Influence of ureterovesical anastomosis technique on the incidence of vesicoureteral reflux in renal transplant recipients. Ann Transplant. 1999; 4: 54-8

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Willemsen, J., Nijman, R. J. Vesicoureteral reflux and videourodynamic studies: results of a prospective study. Urology. 2000 Jun; 55: 939-43

4620

Chandra, M., Maddix, H. Urodynamic dysfunction in infants with vesicoureteral reflux. J Pediatr. 2000 Jun; 136: 754-9

4630

Craig, J. C., Irwig, L. M., Knight, J. F., Roy, L. P. Does treatment of vesicoureteric reflux in childhood prevent endstage renal disease attributable to reflux nephropathy?. Pediatrics. 2000 Jun; 105: 1236-41

4640

De Grazia, E., Cimador, M. Long-term follow-up results of vesico-ureteral reflux treated with subureteral collagen injection (SCIN). Minerva Pediatr. 2000 Jan-Feb; 52: 7-14

4650

Aygun, C., Tekin, M. I., Peskircioglu, C. L., Ozkardes, H. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in renal transplant candidates. Transplant Proc. 2000 May; 32: 609-10

4660

Goldman, M., Bistritzer, T., Horne, T., Zoareft, I., Aladjem, M. The etiology of renal scars in infants with pyelonephritis and vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 May; 14: 385-8

4670

Haferkamp, A., Mohring, K., Staehler, G., Dorsam, J. Pitfalls of repeat subureteral bovine collagen injections for the endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Jun; 163: 1919-21

4680

Webster, R. I., Smith, G., Farnsworth, R. H., Rossleigh, M. A., Rosenberg, A. R., Kainer, G. Low incidence of new renal scars after ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux in children: a prospective study. J Urol. 2000 Jun; 163: 1915-8

4690

Dewan, P. A. Ureteric reimplantation: a history of the development of surgical techniques. BJU Int. 2000 May; 85: 1000-6

4700

Haferkamp, A., Contractor, H., Mohring, K., Staehler, G., Dorsam, J. Failure of subureteral bovine collagen injection for the endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux in long-term follow-up. Urology. 2000 May; 55: 759-63

4710

Nane, I., Kadioglu, T. C., Tefekli, A., Kocak, T., Ander, H., Koksal, T. Urologic complications of extravesical ureteroneocystostomy in renal transplantation from living related donors. Urol Int. 2000; 64: 27-30

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Tsuboi, N., Horiuchi, K., Osawa, S., Hamasaki, T., Yoshida, J., Murakami, M., Akimoto, M. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children with glutaraldehyde cross-linked bovine dermal collagen. Short-term results. J Nippon Med Sch. 2000 Feb; 67: 9-12

4730

Placzek, M. M. Prognosis for vesicoureteric reflux. Arch Dis Child. 2000 Apr; 82: 336

4740

Kershen, R. T., Fefer, S. D., Atala, A. Tissue-engineered therapies for the treatment of urinary incontinence and vesicoureteral reflux. World J Urol. 2000 Feb; 18: 51-5

4750

Kamil, E. S. Recent advances in the understanding and management of primary vesicoureteral reflux and reflux nephropathy. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2000 Mar; 9: 139-42

4760

Kaefer, M., Curran, M., Treves, S. T., Bauer, S., Hendren, W. H., Peters, C. A., Atala, A., Diamond, D., Retik, A. Sibling vesicoureteral reflux in multiple gestation births. Pediatrics. 2000 Apr; 105: 800-4

4770

McDonald, A., Scranton, M., Gillespie, R., Mahajan, V., Edwards, G. A. Voiding cystourethrograms and urinary tract infections: how long to wait?. Pediatrics. 2000 Apr; 105: E50

4780

Feather, S. A., Malcolm, S., Woolf, A. S., Wright, V., Blaydon, D., Reid, C. J., Flinter, F. A., Proesmans, W., Devriendt, K., Carter, J., Warwicker, P., Goodship, T. H., Goodship, J. A. Primary, nonsyndromic vesicoureteric reflux and its nephropathy is genetically heterogeneous, with a locus on chromosome 1. Am J Hum Genet. 2000 Apr; 66: 1420-5

4790

Ellsworth, P. I., Cendron, M., McCullough, M. F. Surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux. AORN J. 2000 Mar; 71: 498-505, 508-13; quiz 517-20, 523-4

4800

Jaswon, A. S. Outcome in antenatally diagnosed renal pelvis dilatation. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2000 Jan; 82: F77

4810

Vereecken, R. L., Proesmans, W. Extensive surgery on the trigone for complete ureteral duplication does not cause incontinence or voiding problems. Urology. 2000 Feb; 55: 267-70; discussion 270-1

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Grisaru, S., Ramage, I. J., Rosenblum, N. D. Vesicoureteric reflux associated with renal dysplasia in the WolfHirschhorn syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Feb; 14: 146-8

4830

Habib, Z., Abudaia, J., Bamehriz, F., Ahmed, S. Fanconi's anemia with solitary crossed renal ectopia, vesicoureteric reflux, and genital abnormalities. Pediatr Surg Int. 2000; 16: 136-7

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Gelfand, M. J., Koch, B. L., Cordero, G. G., Salmanzadeh, A., Gartside, P. S. Vesicoureteral reflux: subpopulations of patients defined by clinical variables. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Feb; 30: 121-4

4850

Sukamoto, E., Itoh, K., Morita, K., Katoh, C., Nakada, K., Nonomura, K., Kakizaki, H., Koyanagi, T., Tamaki, N. Reappraisal of Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy for follow up in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Ann Nucl Med. 1999 Dec; 13: 401-6

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Tsukamoto, E., Itoh, K., Katoh, C., Mochizuki, T., Shiga, T., Morita, K., Tamaki, N. Validity of 99mTc-DMSA renal uptake by planar posterior-view method in children. Ann Nucl Med. 1999 Dec; 13: 383-7

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Polito, C., Moggio, G., La Manna, A., Cioce, F., Cappabianca, S., Di Toro, R. Cyclic voiding cystourethrography in the diagnosis of occult vesicoureteric reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Jan; 14: 39-41

4880

Riccabona, M. Management of recurrent urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux in children. Curr Opin Urol. 2000 Jan; 10: 25-8

4890

Mathews, R., Naslund, M., Docimo, S. Cost analysis of the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: a computer model. J Urol. 2000 Feb; 163: 561-6; discussion 566-7

4900

Sensirivatana, R., Sutheesophon, J., Futrakul, P. Intrarenal hemodynamics in vesicoureteric reflux. Nephron. 2000 Jan; 84: 87

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Thies, K. C., Boos, K., Muller-Deile, K., Ohrdorf, W., Beushausen, T., Townsend, P. Ventricular flutter in a neonate--severe electrolyte imbalance caused by urinary tract infection in the presence of urinary tract malformation. J Emerg Med. 2000 Jan; 18: 47-50

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Granata, C., Buffa, P., Di Rovasenda, E., Mattioli, G., Scarsi, P. L., Podesta, E., Dodero, P., Jasonni, V. Treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux in children with neuropathic bladder: a comparison of surgical and endoscopic correction. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Dec; 34: 1836-8

4930

Steyaert, H., Sattonnet, C., Bloch, C., Jaubert, F., Galle, P., Valla, J. S. Migration of PTFE paste particles to the kidney after treatment for vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 2000 Jan; 85: 168-9

4940

Hughes, P. D. Ureteric reflux in adults and children treated exclusively by endoscopic Teflon injection: a 10-year experience. Aust N Z J Surg. 1999 Dec; 69: 856-9

4950

Cooper, C. S., Chung, B. I., Kirsch, A. J., Canning, D. A., Snyder, H. M., 3rd The outcome of stopping prophylactic antibiotics in older children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Jan; 163: 269-72; discussion 2723

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Canning, D. A. Five-year study of medical or surgical treatment in children with severe vesico-ureteral reflux. Dimercaptosuccinic acid findings. J Urol. 2000 Jan; 163: 380

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Haferkamp, A., Mohring, K., Staehler, G., Gerner, H. J., Dorsam, J. Long-term efficacy of subureteral collagen injection for endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in neurogenic bladder cases. J Urol. 2000 Jan; 163: 274-7

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Egan, S. C., LaSalle, M. D., Stock, J. A., Hanna, M. K. Septic arthritis secondary to vesicoureteral reflux into single ectopic ureter. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Nov; 13: 932-3

4990

Polito, C., La Manna, A., Mansi, L., Rambaldi, P. F., Papale, M. R., Marte, A., Di Toro, R. Body growth in early diagnosed vesicoureteric reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Nov; 13: 876-9

5000

Liu, C., Chin, T., Wei, C. Contralateral reflux after unilateral ureteral reimplantation--preexistent rather than newonset reflux. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Nov; 34: 1661-4

5010

Smellie, J. M. Vesico-ureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr. 1999 Nov; 88: 1182-3

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Jodal, U., Lindberg, U. Guidelines for management of children with urinary tract infection and vesico-ureteric reflux. Recommendations from a Swedish state-of-the-art conference. Swedish Medical Research Council. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 87-9

5030

Nicklasson, L., Hogard, S. Cost-analysis of management strategies for children with vesico-ureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 79-86

5040

Lackgren, G., Wahlin, N., Stenberg, A. Endoscopic treatment of children with vesico-ureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 62-71

5050

Jodal, U., Hansson, S., Hjalmas, K. Medical or surgical management for children with vesico-ureteric reflux?. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 53-61

5060

Sillen, U. Bladder dysfunction in children with vesico-ureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 40-7

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Jakobsson, B., Jacobson, S. H., Hjalmas, K. Vesico-ureteric reflux and other risk factors for renal damage: identification of high- and low-risk children. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 31-9

5080

Jacobson, S. H., Hansson, S., Jakobsson, B. Vesico-ureteric reflux: occurrence and long-term risks. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 22-30

5090

Hellstrom, M., Jacobsson, B. Diagnosis of vesico-ureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 3-12

5100

Vesico-ureteric reflux in children. Proceedings of a state-of-the-art symposium. 1997. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 1-89

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Okamura, K., Kato, N., Tsuji, Y., Ono, Y., Ohshima, S. A comparative study of endoscopic trigonoplasty for vesicoureteral reflux in children and in adults. Int J Urol. 1999 Nov; 6: 562-6

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Ramage, I. J., Schuckett, B., McLorie, G. A., Geary, D. F. Primary vesicoureteric reflux diagnosed in the 1st month of life. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Oct; 13: 716-7

5130

Gelfand, M. J., Koch, B. L., Elgazzar, A. H., Gylys-Morin, V. M., Gartside, P. S., Torgerson, C. L. Cyclic cystography: diagnostic yield in selected pediatric populations. Radiology. 1999 Oct; 213: 118-20

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Fanos, V., Agostiniani, R., Cataldi, L. Vesicoureteric reflux in children: an update. Pediatr Med Chir. 1999 MarApr; 21: 47-56

5150

Trsinar, B., Cotic, D., Oblak, C. Possible causes of unsuccessful endoscopic collagen treatment of vesicoureteric reflux in children. Eur Urol. 1999 Dec; 36: 635-9

5160

Dewan, P. A. Vesicoureteric reflux: the evolution of the understanding of the anatomy and the development of radiology. Eur Urol. 1999 Dec; 36: 559-64

5170

Soygur, T., Arikan, N., Yesilli, C., Gogus, O. Relationship among pediatric voiding dysfunction and vesicoureteral reflux and renal scars. Urology. 1999 Nov; 54: 905-8

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Chin, T., Liu, C., Wei, C. A modified technique to correct primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Oct; 34: 1469-71

5190

Kristjansson, A., Mansson, W. Refluxing or nonrefluxing ureteric anastomosis. BJU Int. 1999 Nov; 84: 905-10

5200

Baker, L. A., Docimo, S. G. Re: Vesicoureteral reflux in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis confirmed at birth: racial differences. J Urol. 1999 Nov; 162: 1705-6

5210

Ninan, G. K., Jutley, R. S., Eremin, O. Urinary cytokines as markers of reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 1999 Nov; 162: 1739-42

5220

Bachelard, M., Sillen, U., Hansson, S., Hermansson, G., Jodal, U., Jacobsson, B. Urodynamic pattern in asymptomatic infants: siblings of children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1999 Nov; 162: 1733-7; discussion 1737-8

5230

Hubler, J., Fariborz, B., Fabos, Z. An unusual complication of transurethral resection: reflux into the vas deferens, seminal vesicles and epididymis. J Urol. 1999 Nov; 162: 1696

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Seki, N., Akazawa, K., Senoh, K., Kubo, S., Tsunoda, T., Kimoto, Y., Naito, S. An analysis of risk factors for upper urinary tract deterioration in patients with myelodysplasia. BJU Int. 1999 Oct; 84: 679-82

5250

Jones, K. V. Prognosis for vesicoureteric reflux. Arch Dis Child. 1999 Oct; 81: 287-9

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Salvatierra, O., Jr. Management of vesico-ureteral reflux in renal allografts transplanted into pediatric recipients. Pediatr Transplant. 1999 Aug; 3: 171-4

5270

Fontana, I., Ginevri, F., Arcuri, V., Basile, G., Nocera, A., Beatini, M., Bonato, L., Barocci, S., Bertocchi, M., Manolitsi, O., Valente, R., Draghi, P., Gusmano, R., Valente, U. Vesico-ureteral reflux in pediatric kidney transplants: clinical relevance to graft and patient outcome. Pediatr Transplant. 1999 Aug; 3: 206-9

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Mentzel, H. J., Vogt, S., Patzer, L., Schubert, R., John, U., Misselwitz, J., Kaiser, W. A. Contrast-enhanced sonography of vesicoureterorenal reflux in children: preliminary results. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Sep; 173: 737-40

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Baltaci, S., Bozlu, M., Kosucu, P., Beduk, Y., Gogus, O. Does the position of the patient affect the presence and/or degree of reflux in an ileal conduit urinary diversion?. BJU Int. 1999 Sep; 84: 433-5

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Upadhyay, J., Shekarriz, B., Fleming, P., Gonzalez, R., Barthold, J. S. Ureteral reimplantation in infancy: evaluation of long-term voiding function. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1209-12

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Herndon, C. D., McKenna, P. H., Kolon, T. F., Gonzales, E. T., Baker, L. A., Docimo, S. G. A multicenter outcomes analysis of patients with neonatal reflux presenting with prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1203-8

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El-Ghoneimi, A., Odet, E., Lamer, S., Baudouin, V., Lottmann, H., Aigrain, Y. Cystography after the Cohen ureterovesical reimplantation: is it necessary at a training center?. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1201-2

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Barrieras, D., Lapointe, S., Reddy, P. P., Williot, P., McLorie, G. A., Bagli, D., Khoury, A. E., Merguerian, P. A. Urinary retention after bilateral extravesical ureteral reimplantation: does dissection distal to the ureteral orifice have a role?. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1197-200

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Barthold, J. S., Martin-Crespo, R., Kryger, J. V., Gonzalez, R. Quantitative nuclear cystography does not predict outcome in patients with primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1193-6

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Choi, H., Oh, S. J., So, Y., Lee, D. S., Lee, A., Kim, K. M. No further development of renal scarring after antireflux surgery in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux: review of the results of 99mtechnetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scan. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1189-92

5360

Diamond, D. A., Caldamone, A. A. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux in children using autologous chondrocytes: preliminary results. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1185-8

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Cascio, S., Paran, S., Puri, P. Associated urological anomalies in children with unilateral renal agenesis. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1081-3

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Stark, H. The management of urinary tract infections. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 May; 13: 365

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Sillen, U. Vesicoureteral reflux in infants. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 May; 13: 355-61

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Lama, G., Salsano, M. E., Pedulla, M., Grassia, C., Ruocco, G. Reply to the letter from G. Smith. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Aug; 13: 552

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Richter, S., Shalev, M., Lobik, L., Buchumensky, V., Nissenkorn, I. Early postureteroscopy vesicoureteral reflux-a temporary and infrequent complication: prospective study. J Endourol. 1999 Jun; 13: 365-6

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Daher, P., Diab, N., Ghorayeb, Z., Korkmaz, G. The Kalicinski ureteral folding technique for megaureter in children. Experience in 23 cases. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Jun; 9: 163-6

5430

Smith, G. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and reflux nephropathy: 2-year follow-up. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Jun; 13: 465

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Leonard, M. B., Nunez, V. H. Is renal ultrasound informative in the screening of asymptomatic newborns for reflux?. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Jun; 13: 462-3

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Waldner, M., Hertle, L., Roth, S. Ileal ureteral substitution in reconstructive urological surgery: is an antireflux procedure necessary?. J Urol. 1999 Aug; 162: 323-6

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Matsumoto, S., Hara, Y., Esa, A., Matsuura, T., Kurita, T. Vesicoureteral reflux in a boy presenting with difficulty in walking. Int J Urol. 1999 Jun; 6: 324-6

5470

Ozen, S., Alikasifoglu, M., Saatci, U., Bakkaloglu, A., Besbas, N., Kara, N., Kocak, H., Erbas, B., Unsal, I., Tuncbilek, E. Implications of certain genetic polymorphisms in scarring in vesicoureteric reflux: importance of ACE polymorphism. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Jul; 34: 140-5

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Matsumoto, F., Suzuki, M., Hosokawa, S., Shimada, K. Ectopic vas deferens opening into the ureter. Int J Urol. 1999 May; 6: 275-6; discussion 277-8

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Oak, S. N., Kulkarni, B., Chaubal, N. Color flow Doppler sonography: a reliable alternative to voiding cystourethrogram in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Urology. 1999 Jun; 53: 1211-4

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Radmayr, C., Klauser, A., Maneschg, C., Bartsch, G., Frauscher, F. Importance of the renal resistive index in children suffering from vesicoureteral reflux. Eur Urol. 1999; 36: 75-9

5510

Sillen, U., Hellstrom, A. L., Hermanson, G., Abrahamson, K. Comparison of urodynamic and free voiding pattern in infants with dilating reflux. J Urol. 1999 Jun; 161: 1928-33

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Goonasekera, C. D., Dillon, M. J. Hypertension in reflux nephropathy. BJU Int. 1999 Apr; 83 Suppl 3: 1-12

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Jaswon, M. S., Dibble, L., Puri, S., Davis, J., Young, J., Dave, R., Morgan, H. Prospective study of outcome in antenatally diagnosed renal pelvis dilatation. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 1999 Mar; 80: F135-8

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Liard, A., Pfister, C., Bachy, B., Mitrofanoff, P. Results of the Gil Vernet procedure in preventing contralateral reflux in unilateral ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 1999 Apr; 83: 658-61

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Hohenfellner, K., Hunley, T. E., Yerkes, E., Habermehl, P., Hohenfellner, R., Kon, V. Angiotensin II, type 2 receptor in the development of vesico-ureteric reflux. BJU Int. 1999 Feb; 83: 318-22

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Sillen, U., Hellstrom, A. L., Holmdahl, G., Solsnes, E. The voiding pattern in infants with dilating reflux. BJU Int. 1999 Jan; 83: 83-7

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Hiraoka, M., Hori, C., Tsukahara, H., Kasuga, K., Kotsuji, F., Mayumi, M. Voiding function study with ultrasound in male and female neonates. Kidney Int. 1999 May; 55: 1920-6

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Merguerian, P. A., Jamal, M. A., Agarwal, S. K., McLorie, G. A., Bagli, D. J., Shuckett, B., Gilday, D. L., Khoury, A. E. Utility of SPECT DMSA renal scanning in the evaluation of children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Urology. 1999 May; 53: 1024-8

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Bagga, A., Hari, P. Vesicoureteric reflux and reflux nephropathy. Indian Pediatr. 1998 Dec; 35: 1197-209

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Pomeranz, A., Korzets, Z., Regev, A., Wolach, B., Bernheim, J. Is greater than normal nocturnal heart rate in children with renal scars a predictor of reflux nephropathy?. Blood Press Monit. 1998; 3: 369-72

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Vuckov, S., Nikolic, H., Kvesic, A., Bukvic, N. Our experience in the treatment of the vesico-ureteral reflux with Lich-Gregoir antireflux surgical procedure. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Feb; 9: 33-6

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Hiraoka, M., Hori, C., Tsukahara, H., Kasuga, K., Ishihara, Y., Kotsuji, F., Mayumi, M. Vesicoureteral reflux in male and female neonates as detected by voiding ultrasonography. Kidney Int. 1999 Apr; 55: 1486-90

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Evans, E. D., Meyer, J. S., Harty, M. P., Bellah, R. D. Assessment of increase in renal pelvic size on post-void sonography as a predictor of vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Apr; 29: 291-4

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Vallee, J. P., Vallee, M. P., Greenfield, S. P., Wan, J., Springate, J. Contemporary incidence of morbidity related to vesicoureteral reflux. Urology. 1999 Apr; 53: 812-5

5650

Ross, J. H., Kay, R. Pediatric urinary tract infection and reflux. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Mar 15; 59: 1472-8, 1485-6

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Wingen, A. M., Koskimies, O., Olbing, H., Seppanen, J., Tamminen-Mobius, T. Growth and weight gain in children with vesicoureteral reflux receiving medical versus surgical treatment: 10-year results of a prospective, randomized study. International Reflux Study in Children (European Branch). Acta Paediatr. 1999 Jan; 88: 56-61

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Kershen, R. T., Atala, A. New advances in injectable therapies for the treatment of incontinence and vesicoureteral reflux. Urol Clin North Am. 1999 Feb; 26: 81-94, viii

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Coosemans, W., Rega, F., Roels, L., Peeters, J., Donck, J., Vanwalleghem, J., Maes, B., Vanrenterghem, Y., Pirenne, J. Impact of early vesico ureteral reflux on the transplanted kidney. Transplant Proc. 1999 Feb-Mar; 31: 362-4

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Claudon, M., Ben-Sira, L., Lebowitz, R. L. Lower pole reflux in children: uroradiologic appearances and pitfalls. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Mar; 172: 795-801

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Kronemer, K. A., Don, S., Luker, G. D., Hildebolt, C. Soft-copy versus hard-copy interpretation of voiding cystourethrography in neonates, infants, and children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Mar; 172: 791-3

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Schulman, S. L., Quinn, C. K., Plachter, N., Kodman-Jones, C. Comprehensive management of dysfunctional voiding. Pediatrics. 1999 Mar; 103: E31

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Horowitz, M., Gershbein, A. B., Glassberg, K. I. Vesicoureteral reflux in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis confirmed at birth: racial differences. J Urol. 1999 Jan; 161: 248-50

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Shapiro, E., Elder, J. S. The office management of recurrent urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux in children. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 Nov; 25: 725-34, x

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Tanaka, H., Kakizaki, H., Kobayashi, S., Shibata, T., Ameda, K., Koyanagi, T. The relevance of urethral resistance in children with myelodysplasia: its impact on upper urinary tract deterioration and the outcome of conservative management. J Urol. 1999 Mar; 161: 929-32

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Oliveira, E. A., Diniz, J. S., Silva, J. M., Rabelo, E. A., Pontes, A. K., Souza, M. F. Features of primary vesicoureteric reflux detected by investigation of foetal hydronephrosis. Int Urol Nephrol. 1998; 30: 535-41

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Woodward, A. Vesico ureteric reflux and urinary tract infections in children. Aust Fam Physician. 1998 Dec; 27: 1095-7

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Darge, K., Troeger, J., Duetting, T., Zieger, B., Rohrschneider, W., Moehring, K., Weber, C., Toenshoff, B. Reflux in young patients: comparison of voiding US of the bladder and retrovesical space with echo enhancement versus voiding cystourethrography for diagnosis. Radiology. 1999 Jan; 210: 201-7

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Zuberi, S. M., Stephenson, J. B., Azmy, A. F., Robinson, P. H., McWilliam, R. C. Hyperammonaemic encephalopathy after a subureteric injection for vesicoureteric reflux. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Oct; 79: 363-4

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Smellie, J. M., Prescod, N. P., Shaw, P. J., Risdon, R. A., Bryant, T. N. Childhood reflux and urinary infection: a follow-up of 10-41 years in 226 adults. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Nov; 12: 727-36

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Liu, C., Chin, T., Wei, C. Surgical treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in infants under 3 months of age. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Nov; 33: 1716-9

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Dillon, M. J., Goonasekera, C. D. Reflux nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1998 Dec; 9: 2377-83

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Kogan, B. A., Baskin, L. S., Allison, M. J. Length of stay for specialized pediatric urologic care. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998 Nov; 152: 1126-31

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Morioka, A., Miyano, T., Ando, K., Yamataka, T., Lane, G. J. Management of vesicoureteral reflux secondary to neurogenic bladder. Pediatr Surg Int. 1998 Oct; 13: 584-6

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Goonasekera, C. D., Gordon, I., Dillon, M. J. 15-year follow-up of reflux nephropathy by imaging. Clin Nephrol. 1998 Oct; 50: 224-31

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Snodgrass, W. The impact of treated dysfunctional voiding on the nonsurgical management of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1998 Nov; 160: 1823-5

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Atala, A., Ellsworth, P., Share, J., Paltiel, H., Walker, R. D., Retik, A. B. Comparison of sonicated albumin enhanced sonography to fluoroscopic and radionuclide voiding cystography for detecting vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1998 Nov; 160: 1820-2

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Cunliffe, H. E., McNoe, L. A., Ward, T. A., Devriendt, K., Brunner, H. G., Eccles, M. R. The prevalence of PAX2 mutations in patients with isolated colobomas or colobomas associated with urogenital anomalies. J Med Genet. 1998 Oct; 35: 806-12

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Rakoczy, G., Reusz, G., Sallay, P., Nemeth, E., Varkonyi, I. Changes of urinary enzyme activity after endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Aug; 8: 244-6

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Piepsz, A., Tamminen-Mobius, T., Reiners, C., Heikkila, J., Kivisaari, A., Nilsson, N. J., Sixt, R., Risdon, R. A., Smellie, J. M., Soderborg, B. Five-year study of medical or surgical treatment in children with severe vesicoureteral reflux dimercaptosuccinic acid findings. International Reflux Study Group in Europe. Eur J Pediatr. 1998 Sep; 157: 753-8

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Bellinger, M. F. Ureterocystoplasty update. World J Urol. 1998; 16: 251-4

5910

Goonasekera, C. D., Dillon, M. J. Reflux nephropathy and hypertension. J Hum Hypertens. 1998 Aug; 12: 497504

5920

De Filippo, R. E., Bochner, B. H., Skinner, D. G. An alternative ureteroileal reimplantation used in augmentation cystoplasty for neurogenic bladder with bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1998 Oct; 160: 1416-7

5930

Wennerstrom, M., Hansson, S., Jodal, U., Stokland, E. Disappearance of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998 Sep; 152: 879-83

5940

Zerin, J. M., Leiser, J. The impact of vesicoureteral reflux on contralateral renal length in infants with multicystic dysplastic kidney. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Sep; 28: 683-6

5950

Ulman, I., Avanoglu, A., Erikci, V., Gokdemir, A. Is resolution of vesicoureteric reflux by conservative management predictable in patients with myelodysplasia?. Eur Urol. 1998 Sep; 34: 226-9

5960

Kakizaki, H., Nonomura, K., Yamashita, T., Shibata, T., Koyama, T., Koyanagi, T. Clinical features of vesicoureteral reflux in infants and outcome of conservative therapeutic approach. Eur Urol. 1998 Sep; 34: 221-5

5970

Fontana, I., Ginevri, F., Arcuri, V., Basile, G., Nocera, A., Beatini, M., Barocci, S., Tommasi, G. V., Bonato, L., Casolino, V., Valente, R., Gusmano, R., Valente, U. Impact of vesicoureteral reflux on graft survival in paediatric kidney transplants. Transplant Proc. 1998 Aug; 30: 2000-1

5980

Assael, B. M., Guez, S., Marra, G., Secco, E., Manzoni, G., Bosio, M., Pelegatta, A., Acerbi, L., delli Agnola, C. A., Selvaggio, G., Vegni, M., Cecchetti, V., Cucchi, L. Congenital reflux nephropathy: a follow-up of 108 cases diagnosed perinatally. Br J Urol. 1998 Aug; 82: 252-257

5990

Noe, H. N. The risk and risk factors of contralateral reflux following repair of simple unilateral primary reflux. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 849-50

6000

Ferrer, F. A., McKenna, P. H., Hochman, H. I., Herndon, A. Results of a vesicoureteral reflux practice pattern survey among American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Pediatric Urology members. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1031-7

6010

Puri, P., Cascio, S., Lakshmandass, G., Colhoun, E. Urinary tract infection and renal damage in sibling vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1028-30; discussion 1038

6020

Cain, M. P., Pope, J. C., Casale, A. J., Adams, M. C., Keating, M. A., Rink, R. C. Natural history of refluxing distal ureteral stumps after nephrectomy and partial ureterectomy for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1026-7

6030

Sparr, K. E., Balcom, A. H., Mesrobian, H. G. Incidence and natural history of contralateral vesicoureteral reflux in patients presenting with unilateral disease. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1023-5

6040

Koff, S. A., Wagner, T. T., Jayanthi, V. R. The relationship among dysfunctional elimination syndromes, primary vesicoureteral reflux and urinary tract infections in children. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1019-22

6050

Stock, J. A., Wilson, D., Hanna, M. K. Congenital reflux nephropathy and severe unilateral fetal reflux. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1017-8

6060

Leonard, M. P., Decter, A., Hills, K., Mix, L. W. Endoscopic subureteral collagen injection: are immunological concerns justified?. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1012-6

6070

Puri, P., Granata, C. Multicenter survey of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux using polytetrafluoroethylene. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1007-11; discussion 1038

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Minevich, E., Aronoff, D., Wacksman, J., Sheldon, C. A. Voiding dysfunction after bilateral extravesical detrusorrhaphy. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 1004-6; discussion 1038

6090

Diamond, D. A., Parulkar, B. G. Ureteral tailoring in situ: a practical approach to persistent reflux in the dilated reimplanted ureter. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 998-1000; discussion 1038

6100

Burno, D. K., Glazier, D. B., Zaontz, M. R. Lessons learned about contralateral reflux after unilateral extravesical ureteral advancement in children. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 995-7; discussion 1038

6110

Pascual, L., Oliva, J., Vega-P, J., Principi, I., Valles, P. Renal histology in ureteropelvic junction obstruction: are histological changes a consequence of hyperfiltration?. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160: 976-9; discussion 994

6120

Angulo, J. C., Hontoria, J., Sanchez-Chapado, M. One-incision nephroureterectomy endoscopically assisted by transurethral ureteral stripping. Urology. 1998 Aug; 52: 203-7

6130

Balbay, M. D., Ozsan, O., Ozbek, E., Ozkan, S., Gunes, A. Comparison of screening of vesicoureteral reflux with renal ultrasound and voiding cystourethrography. Int Urol Nephrol. 1998; 30: 263-6

6140

Wilcox, D., Mouriquand, P. Management of megaureter in children. Eur Urol. 1998; 34: 73-8

6150

Pumberger, W., Frigo, E., Geissler, W. Transient pseudohypoaldosteronism in obstructive renal disease. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jun; 8: 174-7

6160

Moore, R. G., Chen, R. N., Hedican, S. P. Laparoscopic subcapsular nephrectomy. J Endourol. 1998 Jun; 12: 263-4

6170

Konda, R., Sakai, K., Ota, S., Takeda, A., Chida, N., Sato, H., Orikasa, S. Soluble interleukin-2 receptor in children with reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 1998 Feb; 159: 535-9

6180

Bosio, M. Cystosonography with echocontrast: a new imaging modality to detect vesicoureteric reflux in children. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Apr; 28: 250-5

6190

Garin, E. H., Campos, A., Homsy, Y. Primary vesicoureteral reflux: review of current concepts. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Apr; 12: 249-56

6200

Tsai, J. D., Huang, F. Y., Tsai, T. C. Asymptomatic vesicoureteral reflux detected by neonatal ultrasonographic screening. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Apr; 12: 206-9

6210

Weiss, R. A. Update on childhood urinary tract infections and reflux. Semin Nephrol. 1998 May; 18: 264-9

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Lee, B. R., Silver, R. I., Partin, A. W., Epstein, J. I., Gearhart, J. P. A quantitative histologic analysis of collagen subtypes: the primary obstructed and refluxing megaureter of childhood. Urology. 1998 May; 51: 820-3

6230

Erturk, E., Burzon, D. T., Orloff, M., Rabinowitz, R. Outcome of patients with vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplantation: the effect of pretransplantation surgery on posttransplant urinary tract infections. Urology. 1998 May; 51: 27-30

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Mevorach, R. A., Merguerian, P. A., Balcolm, A. H. Detrusorrhaphy for repair of unilateral vesicoureteral reflux: report of 76 patients using a modified technique. Urology. 1998 May; 51: 12-4

6250

Ozyavuz, R., Ozgur, G. K., Yuzuncu, A. K. Subureteric polydimethylsiloxane injection in the treatment of vesicoureteric reflux. Int Urol Nephrol. 1998; 30: 123-6

6260

Shefelbine, S. E., Khorana, S., Schultz, P. N., Huang, E., Thobe, N., Hu, Z. J., Fox, G. M., Jing, S., Cote, G. J., Gagel, R. F. Mutational analysis of the GDNF/RET-GDNFR alpha signaling complex in a kindred with vesicoureteral reflux. Hum Genet. 1998 Apr; 102: 474-8

6270

Tuney, D., Akpinar, I. N., Biren, T., Aribal, M. E., Gurmen, N. Inverted Y ureter anomaly and associated distal yoyo phenomenon. Australas Radiol. 1998 May; 42: 154-6

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Choi, K. L., McNoe, L. A., French, M. C., Guilford, P. J., Eccles, M. R. Absence of PAX2 gene mutations in patients with primary familial vesicoureteric reflux. J Med Genet. 1998 Apr; 35: 338-9

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Minevich, E., Wacksman, J., Lewis, A. G., Sheldon, C. A. Incidence of contralateral vesicoureteral reflux following unilateral extravesical detrusorrhaphy (ureteroneocystostomy). J Urol. 1998 Jun; 159: 2126-8

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Lyon, R. P. Re: Contralateral vesicoureteral reflux after simple and tapered unilateral ureteroneocystostomy revisited. J Urol. 1998 Jun; 159: 2103

6310

Avni, F. E., Hall, M., Schulman, C. C. Congenital uro-nephropathies: is routine voiding cystourethrography always warranted?. Clin Radiol. 1998 Apr; 53: 247-50

6320

Devriendt, K., Groenen, P., Van Esch, H., van Dijck, M., Van de Ven, W., Fryns, J. P., Proesmans, W. Vesicoureteral reflux: a genetic condition?. Eur J Pediatr. 1998 Apr; 157: 265-71

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Sheu, J. C., Huang, Y. H., Chang, P. Y., Wang, N. L., Tsai, T. C., Huang, F. Y. Results of surgery for vesicoureteral reflux in children: 6 years' experience in an Asian country. Pediatr Surg Int. 1998 Mar; 13: 138-40

6340

Shafik, A. Ureteric profilometry. A study of the ureteric pressure profile in the normal and pathologic ureter. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1998 Feb; 32: 14-9

6350

Bazopoulos, E. V., Prassopoulos, P. K., Damilakis, J. E., Raissaki, M. T., Megremis, S. D., Gourtsoyiannis, N. C. A comparison between digital fluoroscopic hard copies and 105-mm spot films in evaluating vesicoureteric reflux in children. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Mar; 28: 162-6

6360

Lapointe, S. P., Barrieras, D., Leblanc, B., Williot, P. Modified Lich-Gregoir ureteral reimplantation: experience of a Canadian center. J Urol. 1998 May; 159: 1662-4

6370

Chung, H. M., Yu, T. J. Extravesical detrusorrhaphy for vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Formos Med Assoc. 1998 Mar; 97: 181-5

6380

Ozawa, H., Kumon, H., Ichikawa, T., Nagai, A., Ohmori, H. Urodynamic changes after endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux. Int J Urol. 1998 Jan; 5: 103-5

6390

Ortenberg, J. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 Feb; 25: 151-6

6400

Gallien, P., Robineau, S., Nicolas, B., Le Bot, M. P., Brissot, R., Verin, M. Vesicourethral dysfunction and urodynamic findings in multiple sclerosis: a study of 149 cases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Mar; 79: 255-7

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Yeung, C. K., Godley, M. L., Dhillon, H. K., Duffy, P. G., Ransley, P. G. Urodynamic patterns in infants with normal lower urinary tracts or primary vesico-ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1998 Mar; 81: 461-7

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Bukowski, T. P., Betrus, G. G., Aquilina, J. W., Perlmutter, A. D. Urinary tract infections and pregnancy in women who underwent antireflux surgery in childhood. J Urol. 1998 Apr; 159: 1286-9

6430

Waidelich, R., Rink, F., Kriegmair, M., Tatsch, K., Schmeller, N. A study of reflux in patients with an ileal orthotopic bladder. Br J Urol. 1998 Feb; 81: 241-6

6440

Oguzkurt, L., Karabulut, N., Haliloglu, M., Unal, B. Medullary nephrocalcinosis associated with vesicoureteral reflux. Br J Radiol. 1997 Aug; 70: 850-1

6450

Kibar, M., Dogruca, Z., Buyukdereli, G., Noyan, A., Onsel, C. The detection of vesicoureteral reflux in a nonfunctioning kidney on a Tc-99m DTPA renal function study. Clin Nucl Med. 1998 Feb; 23: 108-10

6460

Kumon, H., Tsugawa, M., Ozawa, H., Monden, K., Ohmori, H. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux by subureteric Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene) injection: review of 6-year experience. Int J Urol. 1997 Nov; 4: 541-5

6470

Lipski, B. A., Mitchell, M. E., Burns, M. W. Voiding dysfunction after bilateral extravesical ureteral reimplantation. J Urol. 1998 Mar; 159: 1019-21

6480

Bieri, M., Smith, C. K., Smith, A. Y., Borden, T. A. Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy for single ureteral reflux or obstruction in a duplicate system. J Urol. 1998 Mar; 159: 1016-8

6490

Sarihan, H., Abes, M. Congenital bladder diverticula in infants. Eur Urol. 1998; 33: 101-3

6500

Kumar, R., Puri, P. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteric reflux in failed reimplanted ureters. Eur Urol. 1998; 33: 98-100

6510

Perkash, I., Linsenmeyer, T. A., Bodner, D. R., Anderson, R. U. Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia and vesico urethral reflux: management. Spinal Cord. 1998 Jan; 36: 2-5

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Dixon, J. S., Jen, P. Y., Yeung, C. K., Chow, L. T., Mathews, R., Gearhart, J. P., Gosling, J. A. The structure and autonomic innervation of the vesico-ureteric junction in cases of primary ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1998 Jan; 81: 146-51

6530

Weinberg, B., Yeung, N. Sonographic sign of intermittent dilatation of the renal collecting system in 10 patients with vesicoureteral reflux. J Clin Ultrasound. 1998 Feb; 26: 65-8

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Kohler, J., Tencer, J., Thysell, H., Forsberg, L. Vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed in adulthood. Incidence of urinary tract infections, hypertension, proteinuria, back pain and renal calculi. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Dec; 12: 2580-7

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Davey, M. S., Zerin, J. M., Reilly, C., Ambrosius, W. T. Mild renal pelvic dilatation is not predictive of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Dec; 27: 908-11

6560

Lama, G., Salsano, M. E., Pedulla', M., Grassia, C., Ruocco, G. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and reflux nephropathy: 2-year follow-up. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Dec; 11: 714-8

6570

Lester, M. R., Bratton, D. L. Adverse reactions to cromolyn sodium: patient report and review of the literature. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1997 Dec; 36: 707-10

6580

Ander, H., Ziylan, O., Cayan, S., Kadioglu, T. C., Besisik, A. A case of ureteral triplication (type 1) associated with vesicoureteral reflux in a solitary kidney. Int Urol Nephrol. 1997; 29: 537-40

6590

Braren, V. Report on the management of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Tenn Med. 1997 Dec; 90: 503

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Bagni, B., Orsolon, P., Fattori, A., Guerra, U. P. Renal SPECT with Tc-99m DMSA in children with upper urinary tract infections using a triple-headed gamma camera. Clin Nucl Med. 1997 Dec; 22: 838-43

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Palmer, L. S., Maizels, M., Kaplan, W. E., Firlit, C. F., Cheng, E. Y. Urine levels of transforming growth factorbeta 1 in children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology. 1997 Nov; 50: 769-73

6620

Avni, E. F., Ayadi, K., Rypens, F., Hall, M., Schulman, C. C. Can careful ultrasound examination of the urinary tract exclude vesicoureteric reflux in the neonate?. Br J Radiol. 1997 Oct; 70: 977-82

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DiPietro, M. A., Blane, C. E., Zerin, J. M. Vesicoureteral reflux in older children: concordance of US and voiding cystourethrographic findings. Radiology. 1997 Dec; 205: 821-2

6640

Postlethwaite, R. J., Wilson, B. Ultrasonography vs cystourethrography to exclude vesicoureteric reflux in babies. Lancet. 1997 Nov 29; 350: 1567-8

6650

Zaidi, Z., Mouriquand, P. D. The use of a multipurpose stent in children. Br J Urol. 1997 Nov; 80: 802-5

6660

Willis, F. R. Early micturating cystourethrograms after urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Oct; 77: 369-70

6670

Tokat, Y., Uslu, A., Ok, E., Tuncyurek, P., Celik, A., Yararbas, O. Surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux following renal transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1997 Nov; 29: 3073-4

6680

Nakamura, M., Itoh, K. Wax-and-wane hydronephrosis: sonographic finding in vesicoureteral reflux. J Clin Ultrasound. 1997 Nov-Dec; 25: 518-9

6690

Kenda, R. B., Zupancic, Z., Fettich, J. J., Meglic, A. A follow-up study of vesico-ureteric reflux and renal scars in asymptomatic siblings of children with reflux. Nucl Med Commun. 1997 Sep; 18: 827-31

6700

Matthews, T. Screening babies for vesicoureteric reflux. Lancet. 1997 Oct 4; 350: 1031

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Blumenthal, I. Screening babies for vesicoureteric reflux. Lancet. 1997 Oct 4; 350: 1030

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Belman, A. B. Vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1997 Oct; 44: 1171-90

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Anderson, N. G., Abbott, G. D., Mogridge, N., Allan, R. B., Maling, T. M., Wells, J. E. Vesicoureteric reflux in the newborn: relationship to fetal renal pelvic diameter. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Oct; 11: 610-6

6740

Ozen, S., Alikasifoglu, M., Tuncbilek, E., Bakkaloglu, A., Besbas, N., Aran, B., Saatci, U. Polymorphisms in angiotensin converting enzyme gene and reflux nephropathy: a genetic predisposition to scar formation?. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Sep; 12: 2031-3

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Joyner, B. D., Atala, A. Endoscopic substances for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. Urology. 1997 Oct; 50: 489-94

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Mandell, G. A., Eggli, D. F., Gilday, D. L., Heyman, S., Leonard, J. C., Miller, J. H., Nadel, H. R., Treves, S. T. Procedure guideline for radionuclide cystography in children. Society of Nuclear Medicine. J Nucl Med. 1997 Oct; 38: 1650-4

6770

Janetschek, G., Seibold, J., Radmayr, C., Bartsch, G. Laparoscopic heminephroureterectomy in pediatric patients. J Urol. 1997 Nov; 158: 1928-30

6780

Aragona, F., D'Urso, L., Scremin, E., Salmaso, R., Glazel, G. P. Polytetrafluoroethylene giant granuloma and adenopathy: long-term complications following subureteral polytetrafluoroethylene injection for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 1997 Oct; 158: 1539-42

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Hiraoka, M., Hori, C., Tsukahara, H., Kasuga, K., Ishihara, Y., Sudo, M. Congenitally small kidneys with reflux as a common cause of nephropathy in boys. Kidney Int. 1997 Sep; 52: 811-6

6800

Melhem, R. E., Harpen, M. D. Ethnic factors in the variability of primary vesico-ureteral reflux with age. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Sep; 27: 750-1

6810

Bomalaski, M. D., Bloom, D. A. Urodynamics and massive vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1236-8

6820

Pruthi, R. S., Angell, S. K., Dubocq, F., Merguerian, P. A., Shortliffe, L. D. The use of renal parenchymal area in children with high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1232-5

6830

Bisignani, G., Decter, R. M. Voiding cystourethrography after uncomplicated ureteral reimplantation in children: is it necessary?. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1229-31

6840

Bomalaski, M. D., Ritchey, M. L., Bloom, D. A. What imaging studies are necessary to determine outcome after ureteroneocystostomy?. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1226-8

6850

Flickinger, J. E., Trusler, L., Brock, J. W., 3rd Clinical care pathway for the management of ureteroneocystostomy in the pediatric urology population. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1221-5

6860

McCool, A. C., Perez, L. M., Joseph, D. B. Contralateral vesicoureteral reflux after simple and tapered unilateral ureteroneocystostomy revisited. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1219-20

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Caione, P., Capozza, N., Lais, A., Nappo, S., Matarazzo, E., Ferro, F. Contralateral ureteral meatal advancement in unilateral antireflux surgery. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1216-8

6880

Kumar, R., Puri, P. Newly diagnosed contralateral reflux after successful unilateral endoscopic correction: is it due to the pop-off mechanism?. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1213-5

6890

Frey, P., Gudinchet, F., Jenny, P. GAX 65: new injectable cross-linked collagen for the endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux--a double-blind study evaluating its efficiency in children. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1210-2

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Cuckow, P. M., Dinneen, M. D., Risdon, R. A., Ransley, P. G., Duffy, P. G. Long-term renal function in the posterior urethral valves, unilateral reflux and renal dysplasia syndrome. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1004-7

6910

Scott, J. E., Swallow, V., Coulthard, M. G., Lambert, H. J., Lee, R. E. Screening of newborn babies for familial ureteric reflux. Lancet. 1997 Aug 9; 350: 396-400

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Jones, K. V. Screening babies for vesicoureteric reflux. Lancet. 1997 Aug 9; 350: 380

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Yeung, C. K., Godley, M. L., Dhillon, H. K., Gordon, I., Duffy, P. G., Ransley, P. G. The characteristics of primary vesico-ureteric reflux in male and female infants with pre-natal hydronephrosis. Br J Urol. 1997 Aug; 80: 319-27

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Heale, W. F. Hereditary vesicoureteric reflux: phenotypic variation and family screening. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Aug; 11: 504-7

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Craig, J. C., Irwig, L. M., Christie, J., Lam, A., Onikul, E., Knight, J. F., Sureshkumar, P., Roy, L. P. Variation in the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux using micturating cystourethrography. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Aug; 11: 455-9

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Agarwal, S. K., McLorie, G. A., Grewal, D., Joyner, B. D., Bagli, D. J., Khoury, A. E. Urodynamic correlates of resolution of reflux in meningomyelocele patients. J Urol. 1997 Aug; 158: 580-2

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Belman, A. B. Vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1997 Aug; 158: 578-9

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Greenfield, S. P., Ng, M., Wan, J. Experience with vesicoureteral reflux in children: clinical characteristics. J Urol. 1997 Aug; 158: 574-7

6990

Naseer, S. R., Steinhardt, G. F. New renal scars in children with urinary tract infections, vesicoureteral reflux and voiding dysfunction: a prospective evaluation. J Urol. 1997 Aug; 158: 566-8

7000

Bailey, R. R., Rolleston, G. L. Vesicoureteric reflux and reflux nephropathy: the Christchurch contribution. N Z Med J. 1997 Jul 25; 110: 266-9

7010

Yasui, T., Akita, H., Sasaki, S., Hayashi, Y., Kohri, K. Endoscopic injection of Teflon for correction of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. Int J Urol. 1997 Jul; 4: 349-51

7020

Noe, H. N. Re: Alternative approaches to the prognostic stratification of mild to moderate primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 1997 Jul; 158: 187

7030

de Jong, T. P. Treatment of the neonatal and infant megaureter in reflux, obstruction and complex congenital anomalies. Acta Urol Belg. 1997 Jun; 65: 45-7

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Hori, C., Hiraoka, M., Tsukahara, H., Tsuchida, S., Sudo, M. Intermittent trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Jun; 11: 328-30

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Vianello, A., Pignata, G., Caldato, C., Di Falco, G., Calconi, G., Fandella, A., Rabassini, A., Maresca, M. C. Vesicoureteral reflux after kidney transplantation: clinical significance in the medium to long-term. Clin Nephrol. 1997 Jun; 47: 356-61

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Steinbrecher, H. A., Rangecroft, L. The use of the detrusorrhaphy for vesico-ureteric reflux: the way forward?. Br J Urol. 1997 Jun; 79: 971-4

7070

Foley, S. J., McFarlane, J. P., Shah, P. J. Vesico-ureteric reflux in adult patients with spinal injury. Br J Urol. 1997 Jun; 79: 888-91

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Wang, C. Y., Hawkins-Lee, B., Ochoa, B., Walker, R. D., She, J. X. Homozygosity and linkage-disequilibrium mapping of the urofacial (Ochoa) syndrome gene to a 1-cM interval on chromosome 10q23-q24. Am J Hum Genet. 1997 Jun; 60: 1461-7

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Brouhard, B. H. Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux in siblings. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1997 Jun; 36: 365

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Engel, J. D., Palmer, L. S., Cheng, E. Y., Kaplan, W. E. Surgical versus endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux in children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157: 2291-4

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Connolly, L. P., Treves, S. T., Connolly, S. A., Zurakowski, D., Share, J. C., Bar-Sever, Z., Mitchell, K. D., Bauer, S. B. Vesicoureteral reflux in children: incidence and severity in siblings. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157: 2287-90

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Konda, R., Sakai, K., Ota, S., Takeda, A., Chida, N., Orikasa, S. Urinary excretion of epidermal growth factor in children with reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157: 2282-6

7130

Gudinchet, F., Oberson, J. C., Frey, P. Color Doppler ultrasound for evaluation of collagen implants after endoscopic injection treatment of refluxing ureters in children. J Clin Ultrasound. 1997 May; 25: 201-6

7140

Hiraoka, M., Hashimoto, G., Hori, C., Tsukahara, H., Konishi, Y., Sudo, M. Use of ultrasonography in the detection of ureteric reflux in children suspected of having urinary infection. J Clin Ultrasound. 1997 May; 25: 1959

7150

Jelloul, L., Valayer, J. Ureteroureteral anastomosis in the treatment of reflux associated with ureteral duplication. J Urol. 1997 May; 157: 1863-5

7160

Elder, J. S., Peters, C. A., Arant, B. S., Jr., Ewalt, D. H., Hawtrey, C. E., Hurwitz, R. S., Parrott, T. S., Snyder, H. M., 3rd, Weiss, R. A., Woolf, S. H., Hasselblad, V. Pediatric Vesicoureteral Reflux Guidelines Panel summary report on the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 1997 May; 157: 1846-51

7170

Kadayifcilar, S., Aydin, P., Oto, S. A case of Duane's retraction syndrome with multiple congenital malformations. Eur J Ophthalmol. 1997 Apr-Jun; 7: 193-5

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Okamura, K., Kato, N., Takamura, S., Tanaka, J., Nagai, T., Watanabe, H., Tsuji, Y., Ono, Y., Ohshima, S. Trigonal splitting is a major complication of endoscopic trigonoplasty at 1-year followup. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1423-5

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Shelfo, S. W., Keller, M. S., Weiss, R. M. Ipsilateral pyeloureterostomy for managing lower pole reflux with associated ureteropelvic junction obstruction in duplex systems. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1420-2

7200

Yu, T. J., Chen, W. F., Chen, H. Y. Early versus late surgical management of fetal reflux nephropathy. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1416-8; discussion 1418-9

7210

Rushton, H. G., Jr. Vesicoureteral reflux--new concepts and techniques. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1414-5

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Greenfield, S. P., Ng, M., Wan, J. Resolution rates of low grade vesicoureteral reflux stratified by patient age at presentation. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1410-3

7230

Yu, T. J., Chen, W. F. Surgical management of grades III and IV primary vesicoureteral reflux in children with and without acute pyelonephritis as breakthrough infections: a comparative analysis. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 14046

7240

Neuhaus, T. J., Schwobel, M., Schlumpf, R., Offner, G., Leumann, E., Willi, U. Pyelonephritis and vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplantation in young children. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1400-3

7250

Palmer, L. S., Andros, G. J., Maizels, M., Kaplan, W. E., Firlit, C. F. Management considerations for treating vesicoureteral reflux in children with solitary kidneys. Urology. 1997 Apr; 49: 604-8

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Polito, C., Marte, A., Zamparelli, M., Papale, M. R., Rocco, C. E., La Manna, A. Catch-up growth in children with vesico-ureteric reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Apr; 11: 164-8

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Craig, J. C., Knight, J. F., Sureshkumar, P., Lam, A., Onikul, E., Roy, L. P. Vesicoureteric reflux and timing of micturating cystourethrography after urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Mar; 76: 275-7

7280

Vates, T. S., Freedman, A. L., Smith, C. A. An alternative to the Penrose drain in children at risk for latex allergy. Urology. 1997 Mar; 49: 454-5

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Agarwal, S. K., Khoury, A. E., Abramson, R. P., Churchill, B. M., Argiropoulos, G., McLorie, G. A. Outcome analysis of vesicoureteral reflux in children with myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157: 980-2

7300

Konda, R., Sakai, K., Ota, S., Takeda, A., Orikasa, S. Followup study of renal function in children with reflux nephropathy after resolution of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157: 975-9

7310

Bomalaski, M. D., Hirschl, R. B., Bloom, D. A. Vesicoureteral reflux and ureteropelvic junction obstruction: association, treatment options and outcome. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157: 969-74

7320

Donnelly, L. F., Gylys-Morin, V. M., Wacksman, J., Gelfand, M. J. Unilateral vesicoureteral reflux: association with protected renal function in patients with posterior urethral valves. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Mar; 168: 823-6

7330

Matsumoto, T., Ishibashi, M., Nomasa, T., Maeshiro, H., Ito, Y., Kato, H. Novel method for detection of pelvicotubular reflux in patient with vesicoureteral reflux. Lancet. 1997 Feb 22; 349: 542-3

7340

Engelstein, D., Dorfman, B., Yussim, A., Shmueli, D., Bar Nathan, N., Shaharabani, E., Shapira, Z. A critical appraisal of vesicoureteral reflux in long-term renal transplantation recipients: prospective study. Transplant Proc. 1997 Feb-Mar; 29: 136-7

7350

Kobayashi, H., Wang, Y., Puri, P. Increased levels of circulating endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) in children with reflux nephropathy. Eur Urol. 1997; 31: 343-6

7360

Reunanen, M. Endoscopic collagen injection: its limits in correcting vesico-ureteral reflux in duplicated ureters. Eur Urol. 1997; 31: 243-5

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Herman, T. E., Shackelford, G. D. Large torsed neonatal ovarian cysts associated with massive vesicoureteral and intrarenal reflux. J Perinatol. 1997 Jan-Feb; 17: 75-8

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Fagerquist, M., Sillen, U., Blomberg, S. G. Postnatal vesico-ureteral reflux in a boy with urinary bladder dysfunction as the only prenatal sonographic sign. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Jan; 9: 64-6

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Dudley, J. A., Haworth, J. M., McGraw, M. E., Frank, J. D., Tizard, E. J. Clinical relevance and implications of antenatal hydronephrosis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 1997 Jan; 76: F31-4

7400

Haberlik, A. Detection of low-grade vesicoureteral reflux in children by color Doppler imaging mode. Pediatr Surg Int. 1997; 12: 38-43

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Sharma, R. K., Jha, R., Bhatia, V. L., Kapoor, R., Gupta, A. Secondary distal renal tubular acidosis in association with urological abnormalities. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Jan; 12: 233

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Canivet, E., Wampach, H., Brandt, B., Toupance, O., Lavaud, S., Lardennois, B., Liehn, J. C., Chanard, J. Assessment of radioisotopic micturating cystography for the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux in renal transplant recipients with acute pyelonephritis. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Jan; 12: 67-70

7430

Bondarenko, S., Dattani, P. Intravesical uretero-ureterostomy for vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) in duplex ureters: a method for the correction of VUR. Br J Urol. 1996 Dec; 78: 942-4

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Bouachrine, H., Lemelle, J. L., Didier, F., Schmitt, M. A follow-up study of pre-natally detected primary vesicoureteric reflux: a review of 61 patients. Br J Urol. 1996 Dec; 78: 936-9

7450

Woo, H. H., Farnsworth, R. H. Vesico-ureteric reflux and surgically treated pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in infants under the age of 12 months. Aust N Z J Surg. 1996 Dec; 66: 824-5

7460

Verrier Jones, K. Vesico-ureteric reflux: a medical perspective on management. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Dec; 10: 795-7

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Greenfield, S. P., Wan, J. Vesicoureteral reflux: practical aspects of evaluation and management. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Dec; 10: 789-94

7480

Tibballs, J. M., De Bruyn, R. Primary vesicoureteric reflux--how useful is postnatal ultrasound?. Arch Dis Child. 1996 Nov; 75: 444-7

7490

Rossleigh, M. A. Neonatal diagnosis with Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid of intra-uterine reflux nephropathy in duplex kidneys. Clin Nucl Med. 1996 Nov; 21: 897

7500

Foley, S. J., Sheriff, M. K., Shah, P. J. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteric reflux in adults with a neuropathic bladder. Spinal Cord. 1996 Nov; 34: 657-8

7510

Noe, H. N. Screening for reflux--the current status. J Urol. 1996 Nov; 156: 1808

7520

Connolly, L. P., Treves, S. T., Zurakowski, D., Bauer, S. B. Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux in siblings. J Urol. 1996 Nov; 156: 1805-7

7530

Saraga, M., Stanicic, A., Markovic, V. The role of direct radionuclide cystography in evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1996 Oct; 30: 367-71

7540

Dietz, H. G., Schmidt, A., Bader, J. B., Markus, A. The Politano-Leadbetter antireflux plasty. Investigation of complications in 245 children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Oct; 6: 277-80

7550

Shafik, A. Electroureterogram in the obstructed ureter and vesicoureteral reflux. J Surg Res. 1996 Oct; 65: 145-8

7560

Assadi, F. K. Urinary beta 2-microglobulin as a marker for vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Oct; 10: 642-4

7570

Polito, C., La Manna, A., Capacchione, A., Pullano, F., Iovene, A., Del Gado, R. Height and weight in children with vesicoureteric reflux and renal scarring. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Oct; 10: 564-7

7580

Goonasekera, C. D., Shah, V., Dillon, M. J. Tubular proteinuria in reflux nephropathy: post ureteric reimplantation. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Oct; 10: 559-63

7590

Walsh, G., Dubbins, P. A. Antenatal renal pelvis dilatation: a predictor of vesicoureteral reflux?. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Oct; 167: 897-900

7600

Vesicoureteric reflux: all in the genes? Report of a meeting of physicians at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London. Lancet. 1996 Sep 14; 348: 725-8

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Misra, D., Potts, S. R., Brown, S., Boston, V. E. Endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux in neurogenic bladder--8 years' experience. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Sep; 31: 1262-4

7620

Avni, E. F., Schulman, C. C. The origin of vesico-ureteric reflux in male newborns: further evidence in favour of a transient fetal urethral obstruction. Br J Urol. 1996 Sep; 78: 454-9

7630

Perovic, S., Sremcevic, D., Milanovic, D., Vukadinovic, V. Extravesical detrusor tunneling: a variant of antireflux procedure. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Aug; 6: 216-21

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Hiraoka, M., Fujimoto, I., Hori, C., Tsukahara, H., Akino, H., Okada, K., Sudo, M. A case of ureteral reflux identified by ultrasound. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1996 Aug; 38: 374-6

7650

Jungers, P., Houillier, P., Chauveau, D., Choukroun, G., Moynot, A., Skhiri, H., Labrunie, M., Descamps-Latscha, B., Grunfeld, J. P. Pregnancy in women with reflux nephropathy. Kidney Int. 1996 Aug; 50: 593-9

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Siamplis, D., Vasiou, K., Giarmenitis, S., Frimas, K., Zavras, G., Fezoulidis, I. Sonographic detection of vesicoureteral reflux with fluid and air cystography. Comparison with VCUG. Rofo. 1996 Aug; 165: 166-9

7670

Borgatti, R., Tettamanti, A., Piccinelli, P. Brain injury in a healthy child one year after periureteral injection of Teflon. Pediatrics. 1996 Aug; 98: 290-1

7680

Mor, Y., Mouriquand, P. D., Quimby, G. F., Soonawalla, P. F., Zaidi, S. Z., Duffy, P. G., Ransley, P. G. Lower pole heminephrectomy: its role in treating nonfunctioning lower pole segments. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 683-5

7690

Puri, P., Kumar, R. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux secondary to posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 680-2

7700

Wan, J., Greenfield, S. P., Ng, M., Zerin, M., Ritchey, M. L., Bloom, D. Sibling reflux: a dual center retrospective study. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 677-9

7710

Wan, J., Greenfield, S. P., Talley, M., Ng, M. An analysis of social and economic factors associated with followup of patients with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 668-72

7720

Diamond, D. A., Rabinowitz, R., Hoenig, D., Caldamone, A. A. The mechanism of new onset contralateral reflux following unilateral ureteroneocystostomy. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 665-7

7730

Cartwright, P. C., Snow, B. W., Mansfield, J. C., Hamilton, B. D. Percutaneous endoscopic trigonoplasty: a minimally invasive approach to correct vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 661-4

7740

Goonasekera, C. D., Jardim, H., Shah, V., Dillon, M. J. Abnormalities of erythrocyte sodium transport in reflux nephropathy. J Hum Hypertens. 1996 Jul; 10: 473-6

7750

Bhattathiry, M. M., Miller, J. H. Sites of abnormal tracer accumulation on a radionuclide cystogram. Clin Nucl Med. 1996 Jul; 21: 578

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Linshaw, M. Asymptomatic bacteriuria and vesicoureteral reflux in children. Kidney Int. 1996 Jul; 50: 312-29

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Okamura, K., Yamada, Y., Tsuji, Y., Sakakibara, T., Kondo, A., Ono, Y., Ohshima, S., Miyake, K. Endoscopic trigonoplasty in pediatric patients with primary vesicoureteral reflux: preliminary report. J Urol. 1996 Jul; 156: 198200

7780

Hoenig, D. M., Diamond, D. A., Rabinowitz, R., Caldamone, A. A. Contralateral reflux after unilateral ureteral reimplantation. J Urol. 1996 Jul; 156: 196-7

7790

Guizar, J. M., Kornhauser, C., Malacara, J. M., Sanchez, G., Zamora, J. Renal tubular acidosis in children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Jul; 156: 193-5

7800

What are the indications for the 'Sting' operation for the treatment of vesicoureteric reflux?. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Jun; 10: 392, 399

7810

Gordjani, N., Frankenschmidt, A., Zimmerhackl, L. B., Brandis, M. Subureteral collagen injection versus antireflux surgery in primary vesico-ureteral reflux grade III. Eur J Pediatr. 1996 Jun; 155: 491-4

7820

Hiraoka, M., Hashimoto, G., Hayashi, S., Hori, C., Tsuchida, S., Tsukahara, H., Konishi, Y., Sudo, M. Ultrasonography for the detection of ureteric reflux in infants with urinary infection. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1996 Jun; 38: 248-51

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Sciagra, R., Materassi, M., Rossi, V., Ienuso, R., Danti, A., La Cava, G. Alternative approaches to the prognostic stratification of mild to moderate primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 1996 Jun; 155: 2052-5; discussion 2055-6

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Yokoyama, O., Ishiura, Y., Seto, C., Uchibayashi, T., Ohkawa, M. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in patients with myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1996 Jun; 155: 1882-6

7850

Clarke, S. E., Smellie, J. M., Prescod, N., Gurney, S., West, D. J. Technetium-99m-DMSA studies in pediatric urinary infection. J Nucl Med. 1996 May; 37: 823-8

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Boemers, T. M., de Jong, T. P., van Gool, J. D., Bax, K. M. Urologic problems in anorectal malformations. Part 2: functional urologic sequelae. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 May; 31: 634-7

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Sanyanusin, P., Schimmenti, L. A., McNoe, T. A., Ward, T. A., Pierpont, M. E., Sullivan, M. J., Dobyns, W. B., Eccles, M. R. Mutation of the gene in a family with optic nerve colobomas, renal anomolies and vesicoureteral reflux. Nat Genet. 1996 May; 13: 129

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Burbige, K. A., Miller, M., Connor, J. P. Extravesical ureteral reimplantation: results in 128 patients. J Urol. 1996 May; 155: 1721-2

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Leonard, M. P., Decter, A., Mix, L. W., Johnson, H. W., Coleman, G. U. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with collagen: preliminary report and cost analysis. J Urol. 1996 May; 155: 1716-20

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Sillen, U., Bachelard, M., Hansson, S., Hermansson, G., Jacobson, B., Hjalmas, K. Video cystometric recording of dilating reflux in infancy. J Urol. 1996 May; 155: 1711-5

7910

el Ghoneimi, A., Miranda, J., Truong, T., Monfort, G. Ectopic ureter with complete ureteric duplication: conservative surgical management. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Apr; 31: 467-72

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Stokland, E., Hellstrom, M., Jacobsson, B., Jodal, U., Lundgren, P., Sixt, R. Early 99mTc dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy in symptomatic first-time urinary tract infection. Acta Paediatr. 1996 Apr; 85: 430-6

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Ellsworth, P. I., Lim, D. J., Walker, R. D., Stevens, P. S., Barraza, M. A., Mesrobian, H. G. Common sheath reimplantation yields excellent results in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in duplicated collecting systems. J Urol. 1996 Apr; 155: 1407-9

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Matsumoto, T., Fukushima, K., Motoyama, H., Higuchi, E., Kato, H. Colour-flow imaging for detection of vesicoureteral reflux. Lancet. 1996 Mar 16; 347: 757

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Goonasekera, C. D., Shah, V., Wade, A. M., Barratt, T. M., Dillon, M. J. 15-year follow-up of renin and blood pressure in reflux nephropathy. Lancet. 1996 Mar 9; 347: 640-3

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Sinaiko, A., Michael, A. Reflux nephropathy and hypertension: more whys and wherefores. Lancet. 1996 Mar 9; 347: 633-4

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Misra, D. Efficacy of STING in the treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux in neuropathic bladder. Br J Urol. 1996 Feb; 77: 328-9

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Hughes, P. D. Correlation of the endoscopic appearance with clinical outcome for submucous Polytef paste injection in vesico-ureteric reflux. Aust N Z J Surg. 1996 Feb; 66: 120

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Kramer, S. A. The role of newer modalities in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 683-4

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Diamond, D. A., Kleinman, P. K., Spevak, M., Nimkin, K., Belanger, P., Karellas, A. The tailored low dose fluoroscopic voiding cystogram for familial reflux screening. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 681-2

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Haraoka, M., Senoh, K., Ogata, N., Furukawa, M., Matsumoto, T., Kumazawa, J. Elevated interleukin-8 levels in the urine of children with renal scarring and/or vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 678-80

8020

Chandra, M., Maddix, H., McVicar, M. Transient urodynamic dysfunction of infancy: relationship to urinary tract infections and vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 673-7

8030

Sillen, U., Bachelard, M., Hermanson, G., Hjalmas, K. Gross bilateral reflux in infants: gradual decrease of initial detrusor hypercontractility. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 668-72

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Groshar, D., Gorenberg, V., Weissman, I., Livne, P. M., Front, D. Detection of permanent damage in kidneys with vesicoureteral reflux by quantitative single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) uptake of 99mtechnetium labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 664-7

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Shafik, A. Ureterovesical junction inhibitory reflex and vesicoureteral junction excitatory reflex: description of two reflexes and their role in the ureteric antireflux mechanism. Urol Res. 1996; 24: 339-43

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Eccles, M. R., Bailey, R. R., Abbott, G. D., Sullivan, M. J. Unravelling the genetics of vesicoureteric reflux: a common familial disorder. Hum Mol Genet. 1996; 5 Spec No: 1425-9

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Akpolat, I., Tulunay, O., Ensari, C. A patient with amyloidosis, vesicoureteral reflux and renal cell adenoma complicated by intrarenal calcification and acquired cystic renal disease. Nephron. 1996; 72: 322

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Treves, S. T., Zurakowski, D., Bauer, S. B., Mitchell, K. D., Nichols, D. P. Functional bladder capacity measured during radionuclide cystography in children. Radiology. 1996 Jan; 198: 269-72

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Quintero, R. A., Johnson, M. P., Arias, F., Cortez, K., Carreno, C., Romero, R., Evans, M. I. In utero sonographic diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux by percutaneous vesicoinfusion. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Dec; 6: 3869

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Huang, F. Y., Tsai, T. C. Resolution of vesicoureteral reflux during medical management in children. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Dec; 9: 715-7

8110

Tilling, D. W. Diagnosis of fetal vesico ureteric reflux as the cause of pelvicalyceal dilatation on antenatal ultrasound. Clin Radiol. 1995 Dec; 50: 880

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Choudhury, S. R., Mitra, S. K., John, P. Parietal wall urinary extravasation and abdominal wall hernia secondary to posterior urethral valves in a neonate. Br J Urol. 1995 Dec; 76: 807-8

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Reunanen, M. Correction of vesicoureteral reflux in children by endoscopic collagen injection: a prospective study. J Urol. 1995 Dec; 154: 2156-8

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Devriendt, K., Fryns, J. P. Genetic locus on chromosome 6p for multicystic renal dysplasia, pelvi-ureteral junction stenosis, and vesicoureteral reflux. Am J Med Genet. 1995 Nov 20; 59: 396-8

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Schimmenti, L. A., Pierpont, M. E., Carpenter, B. L., Kashtan, C. E., Johnson, M. R., Dobyns, W. B. Autosomal dominant optic nerve colobomas, vesicoureteral reflux, and renal anomalies. Am J Med Genet. 1995 Nov 6; 59: 204-8

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Gill, I. S., Munch, L. C., Lucas, B. A., Das, S. Initial experience with retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy: use of a double-balloon technique. Urology. 1995 Nov; 46: 747-50

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Noe, H. N. The current status of screening for vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Oct; 9: 638-41

8180

Blumenthal, I. Vesico-ureteric reflux, urinary-tract infection, and renal damage in children. Lancet. 1995 Sep 30; 346: 900

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Bailey, R. R. Vesico-ureteric reflux, urinary-tract infection, and renal damage in children. Lancet. 1995 Sep 30; 346: 900

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Heimbach, D., Bruhl, P., Mallmann, R. Lich-Gregoir anti-reflux procedure; indications and results with 283 vesicoureteral units. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1995 Sep; 29: 311-6

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Kennelly, M. J., Bloom, D. A., Ritchey, M. L., Panzl, A. C. Outcome analysis of bilateral Cohen cross-trigonal ureteroneocystostomy. Urology. 1995 Sep; 46: 393-5

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Ross, J. H., Kay, R., Nasrallah, P. Contralateral reflux after unilateral ureteral reimplantation in patients with a history of resolved contralateral reflux. J Urol. 1995 Sep; 154: 1171-2

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Dewan, P. A., Higgs, M. J. Correlation of the endoscopic appearance with clinical outcome for submucous Polytef paste injection in vesico-ureteric reflux. Aust N Z J Surg. 1995 Sep; 65: 642-4

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Gordon, I. Vesico-ureteric reflux, urinary-tract infection, and renal damage in children. Lancet. 1995 Aug 19; 346: 489-90

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Bos, S. D., Ypma, A. F., Timmermans, C. J. Subureteric Urocol injection in the treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1995 Aug; 76: 275-6

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Maskell, R. Current status of the 'Sting'. Br J Urol. 1995 Aug; 76: 275

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Miyakita, H., Puri, P., Surana, R., Kobayashi, H., Reen, D. J. Serum intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), a marker of renal scarring in infants with vesico-ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1995 Aug; 76: 249-51

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Steinbrecher, H. A., Edwards, B., Malone, P. S. The STING in the refluxing duplex system. Br J Urol. 1995 Aug; 76: 165-8

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Bellah, R. D., Long, F. R., Canning, D. A. Ureterocele eversion with vesicoureteral reflux in duplex kidneys: findings at voiding cystourethrography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Aug; 165: 409-13

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Frey, P., Lutz, N., Jenny, P., Herzog, B. Endoscopic subureteral collagen injection for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in infants and children. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 804-7

8310

McCool, A. C., Joseph, D. B. Postoperative hospitalization of children undergoing cross-trigonal ureteroneocystostomy. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 794-6

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Cain, M. P., Husmann, D. A., McLaren, R. H., Kramer, S. A. Continuous epidural anesthesia after ureteroneocystostomy in children. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 791-3

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Mansfield, J. T., Snow, B. W., Cartwright, P. C., Wadsworth, K. Complications of pregnancy in women after childhood reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux: an update with 25 years of followup. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 787-90

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Stenberg, A., Lackgren, G. A new bioimplant for the endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: experimental and short-term clinical results. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 800-3

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Olbing, H., Tamminen-Mobius, T., Jodal, U., Smellie, J. Re.: J. Winberg: Management of primary vesico-ureteric reflux in children--operation ineffective in preventing progress of renal damage (Infection 22. Infection. 1995 JulAug; 23: 248-50

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Fung, L. C., McLorie, G. A., Jain, U., Khoury, A. E., Churchill, B. M. Voiding efficiency after ureteral reimplantation: a comparison of extravesical and intravesical techniques. J Urol. 1995 Jun; 153: 1972-5

8370

van den Hoek, J., Montagne, G. J., Newling, D. W. Bilateral intravesical duplex system ureteroceles with multiple calculi in an adult patient. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1995 Jun; 29: 223-4

8380

Sargent, M. A., Stringer, D. A. Voiding cystourethrography in children with urinary tract infection: the frequency of vesicoureteric reflux is independent of the specialty of the physician requesting the study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 May; 164: 1237-41

8390

Merrick, M. V., Notghi, A., Chalmers, N., Wilkinson, A. G., Uttley, W. S. Long-term follow up to determine the prognostic value of imaging after urinary tract infections. Part 2: Scarring. Arch Dis Child. 1995 May; 72: 393-6

8400

Merrick, M. V., Notghi, A., Chalmers, N., Wilkinson, A. G., Uttley, W. S. Long-term follow up to determine the prognostic value of imaging after urinary tract infections. Part 1: Reflux. Arch Dis Child. 1995 May; 72: 388-92

8410

Zhang, Y., Bailey, R. R. A long term follow up of adults with reflux nephropathy. N Z Med J. 1995 Apr 26; 108: 142-4

8420

Selzman, A. A., Elder, J. S. Contralateral vesicoureteral reflux in children with a multicystic kidney. J Urol. 1995 Apr; 153: 1252-4

8430

Song, J. T., Ritchey, M. L., Zerin, J. M., Bloom, D. A. Incidence of vesicoureteral reflux in children with unilateral renal agenesis. J Urol. 1995 Apr; 153: 1249-51

8440

Sanyanusin, P., Schimmenti, L. A., McNoe, L. A., Ward, T. A., Pierpont, M. E., Sullivan, M. J., Dobyns, W. B., Eccles, M. R. Mutation of the PAX2 gene in a family with optic nerve colobomas, renal anomalies and vesicoureteral reflux. Nat Genet. 1995 Apr; 9: 358-64

8450

Martinell, J., Claesson, I., Lidin-Janson, G., Jodal, U. Urinary infection, reflux and renal scarring in females continuously followed for 13-38 years. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Apr; 9: 131-6

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Capozza, N., Caione, P., De Gennaro, M., Nappo, S., Patricolo, M. Endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux and urinary incontinence: technical problems in the paediatric patient. Br J Urol. 1995 Apr; 75: 538-42

8470

Chandra, M. Reflux nephropathy, urinary tract infection, and voiding disorders. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1995 Apr; 7: 164-70

8480

Charron, M. Tailored low-dose fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography for the reevaluation of vesicoureteral reflux in girls. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Apr; 164: 1026-7

8490

Jayanthi, V. R., McLorie, G. A., Khoury, A. E., Churchill, B. M. Extravesical detrusorrhaphy for refluxing ureters associated with paraureteral diverticula. Urology. 1995 Apr; 45: 664-6

8500

Ellsworth, P. I., Merguerian, P. A. Detrusorrhaphy for the repair of vesicoureteral reflux: comparison with the Leadbetter-Politano ureteroneocystostomy. J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Apr; 30: 600-3

8510

Stewart, G. D., Ahluwalia, A., Gowland, M. Case report: diagnosis of fetal vesicoureteric reflux as the cause of pelvicalyceal dilatation on antenatal ultrasound. Clin Radiol. 1995 Mar; 50: 192-4

8520

Okamura, K., Ono, Y., Yamada, Y., Kato, T., Tsuji, Y., Ohshima, S., Miyake, K. Endoscopic trigonoplasty for primary vesico-ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1995 Mar; 75: 390-4

8530

Belman, A. B. A perspective on vesicoureteral reflux. Urol Clin North Am. 1995 Feb; 22: 139-50

8540

Puri, P. Ten year experience with subureteric Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene) injection (STING) in the treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1995 Feb; 75: 126-31

8550

Aaronson, I. A. Current status of the 'STING': an American perspective. Br J Urol. 1995 Feb; 75: 121-5

8560

Itoh, K., Yamashita, T., Tsukamoto, E., Nonomura, K., Furudate, M., Koyanagi, T. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of renal parenchymal damage by 99mTc-DMSA planar and SPECT scintigraphy. Ann Nucl Med. 1995 Feb; 9: 23-8

8570

Merckx, L., De Boe, V., Braeckman, J., Verboven, M., Piepsz, A., Keuppens, F. Endoscopic submucosal Teflon injection (STING): an alternative treatment of vesicoureteric reflux in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Feb; 5: 34-6

8580

Sugiyama, T., Hashimoto, K., Kiwamoto, H., Ohnishi, N., Esa, A., Park, Y. C., Kurita, T., Kohri, K. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Int Urol Nephrol. 1995; 27: 527-31

8590

Kato, T., Nakada, T., Ishigooka, M., Hashimoto, T., Sasagawa, I., Kubota, Y., Suzuki, H. Successful treatment of vesicoureteric reflux by subureteric injection of silicone. Int Urol Nephrol. 1995; 27: 709-15

8600

Reinberg, Y., Allen, R. C., Jr., Vaughn, M., McKenna, P. H. Nephrectomy combined with lower abdominal extraperitoneal ureteral bladder augmentation in the treatment of children with the vesicoureteral reflux dysplasia syndrome. J Urol. 1995 Jan; 153: 177-9

8610

Sheldon, C. A., Wacksman, J. Vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Rev. 1995 Jan; 16: 22-7; quiz 28

8620

Vereecken, R. L., Proesmans, W. Results of endoscopic treatment for vesico-ureteric reflux. Eur Urol. 1995; 27: 76-9

8630

Puri, P., Ninan, G. K., Surana, R. Subureteric Teflon injection (STING). Results of a European survey. Eur Urol. 1995; 27: 71-5

8640

Puri, P., Palanimuthu, M., Dass, L. Endoscopic treatment of primary vesicoureteric reflux in infants by subureteric injection of polytetrafluoroethylene. A 9-year follow-up. Eur Urol. 1995; 27: 67-70

8650

Janetschek, G., Radmayr, C., Bartsch, G. Laparoscopic ureteral anti-reflux plasty reimplantation. First clinical experience. Ann Urol (Paris). 1995; 29: 101-5

8660

Simsek, F., Dillioglugil, O., Ilker, Y., Akdas, A. Correction of primary and secondary vesicoureteral reflux by subureteric Teflon injection. Int Urol Nephrol. 1995; 27: 51-6

8670

Roberts, J. A. Mechanisms of renal damage in chronic pyelonephritis (reflux nephropathy). Curr Top Pathol. 1995; 88: 265-87

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Ghosh, A. K., O'Bryan, T. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with reflux nephropathy. Nephron. 1995; 70: 266

8690

Persad, R., Kamineni, S., Mouriquand, P. D. Recurrent symptoms of urinary tract infection in eight patients with refluxing ureteric stumps. Br J Urol. 1994 Dec; 74: 720-2

8700

McLorie, G. A., Jayanthi, V. R., Kinahan, T. J., Khoury, A. E., Churchill, B. M. A modified extravesical technique for megaureter repair. Br J Urol. 1994 Dec; 74: 715-9

8710

Ginevri, F., Ghiggeri, G. M., Perfumo, F., Gusmano, R. Urinary proteins in vesicoureteric reflux: when the same thinking leads to different conclusions. Pediatr Nephrol. 1994 Dec; 8: 785-6

8720

Rodriguez, M. M. Developmental renal pathology: its past, present, and future. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2004 JulAug; 23: 211-29

8730

Delaney, C. Antenatal hydronephrosis: trends and management. Urol Nurs. 2005 Jun; 25: 173-4, 179-83

8740

Morrisroe, S. N., O'Connor, R. C., Nanigian, D. K., Kurzrock, E. A., Stone, A. R. Vesicostomy revisited: the best treatment for the hostile bladder in myelodysplastic children?. BJU Int. 2005 Aug; 96: 397-400

8750

Plant, N. D., Hornung, R. J., Coulthard, M. G., Keir, M. J., Matthews, J. N., Robson, S. C. Does antenatal pelvic dilation predict renal scarring?. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005 Jul; 90: F339-40

8760

Alsifri, S. N., Faraz, H. A., Kadhi, Y. A., Ahmed, M., Almahfouz, A. A. Idiopathic neurohypophysial diabetes insipidus: reversibility of structural and functional renal abnormalities after treatment. Endocr Pract. 2004 NovDec; 10: 487-91

8770

Ismaili, K., Avni, F. E., Alexander, M., Schulman, C., Collier, F., Hall, M. Routine voiding cystourethrography is of no value in neonates with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Pediatr. 2005 Jun; 146: 759-63

8810

Ballard, R. D. Sleep and medical disorders. Prim Care. 2005 Jun; 32: 511-33

8820

Casale, P., Grady, R. W., Mitchell, M. E., Healey, P. Recurrent urinary tract infection in the post-transplant reflux nephropathy patient: is reflux in the native ureter the culprit?. Pediatr Transplant. 2005 Jun; 9: 324-7

8830

Kravchick, S. G., Shumalinsky, D., Jeshurun-Koren, M., Stepnov, E., Cytron, S. Filling cystoureterography facilitates stone visualization in patients with previously inserted double-J ureteral stents. Urol Res. 2005 Jun; 33: 203-5

8840

Rosati, P., Pinto, V., Delucchi, A., Salas, P., Cano, F., Zambrano, P., Lagos, E., Rodriguez, E., Hevia, P., Ramirez, K., Quiero, X., Azocar, M., Rodriguez, S., Aguilo, J., Varela, M., Ferrario, M., Ramirez, R., Palacios, J. M., Turu, I. Pediatric renal transplantation: 13 years of experience--report from the Chilean Cooperative Multicenter Group. Transplant Proc. 2005 Apr; 37: 1569-73

8850

Ivanovski, N., Popov, Z., Cakalaroski, K., Masin, J., Spasovski, G., Zafirovska, K. Living-unrelated (paid) renal transplantation--ten years later. Transplant Proc. 2005 Mar; 37: 563-4

8860

Ahmad, G., Green, P. Outcome of fetal pyelectasis diagnosed antenatally. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005 Feb; 25: 11922

8870

Bhide, A., Sairam, S., Farrugia, M. K., Boddy, S. A., Thilaganathan, B. The sensitivity of antenatal ultrasound for predicting renal tract surgery in early childhood. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 25: 489-92

8880

Cohen-Overbeek, T. E., Wijngaard-Boom, P., Ursem, N. T., Hop, W. C., Wladimiroff, J. W., Wolffenbuttel, K. P. Mild renal pyelectasis in the second trimester: determination of cut-off levels for postnatal referral. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr; 25: 378-83

8890

Damen-Elias, H. A., Stoutenbeek, P. H., Visser, G. H., Nikkels, P. G., de Jong, T. P. Concomitant anomalies in 100 children with unilateral multicystic kidney. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr; 25: 384-8

8910

Scott, D. A., Cooper, M. L., Stankiewicz, P., Patel, A., Potocki, L., Cheung, S. W. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in WAGR syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2005 May 1; 134: 430-3

8920

Dolezel, Z., Starha, J., Novotna, D., Dostalkova, D. Secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism in an infant with pyelonephritis. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2004; 105: 435-7

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8930

Chertin, B., Rabinowitz, R., Pollack, A., Koulikov, D., Fridmans, A., Hadas-Halpern, I., Farkas, A. Does prenatal diagnosis influence the morbidity associated with left in situ nonfunctioning or poorly functioning renal moiety after endoscopic puncture of ureterocele?. J Urol. 2005 Apr; 173: 1349-52

8950

Chuang, P., Parikh, C. R., Langone, A. Urinary tract infections after renal transplantation: a retrospective review at two US transplant centers. Clin Transplant. 2005 Apr; 19: 230-5

8960

Bakkaloglu, S. A., Ekim, M., Sever, L., Noyan, A., Aksu, N., Akman, S., Elhan, A. H., Yalcinkaya, F., Oner, A., Kara, O. D., Caliskan, S., Anarat, A., Dusunsel, R., Donmez, O., Guven, A. G., Bakkaloglu, A., Denizmen, Y., Soylemezoglu, O. Chronic peritoneal dialysis in Turkish children: a multicenter study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 May; 20: 644-51

8970

Bae, K. S., Huh, J. S., Kim, Y. J., Chang, S. G. Clinical characteristics of renal transplant recipients that underwent urologic surgery for de novo disease before and after transplantation. J Korean Med Sci. 2005 Feb; 20: 75-8

8980

Yossepowitch, O., Lifshitz, D. A., Dekel, Y., Ehrlich, Y., Gur, U., Margel, D., Livne, P. M., Baniel, J. Assessment of vesicoureteral reflux in patients with self-retaining ureteral stents: implications for upper urinary tract instillation. J Urol. 2005 Mar; 173: 890-3

9000

Godbole, P. P., Wilcox, D. T., Mushtaq, I. Follow-up after unilateral nephrectomy in children: is an estimate of glomerular filtration rate necessary?. BJU Int. 2005 Mar; 95: 635-7

9010

Pinthus, J. H., Oksman, Y., Leibovitch, I., Goshen, E., Dotan, Z. A., Schwartz, A., Ramon, J., Zwas, S. T., Mor, Y. The role of indirect radionuclide cystography during the acute phase of pyelonephritis in young women. BJU Int. 2005 Mar; 95: 619-23

9020

Dick, A. A., Lerner, S. M., Boissy, A. R., Farrell, C. E., Alfrey, E. J. Excellent outcome in infants and small children with thrombophilias undergoing kidney transplantation. Pediatr Transplant. 2005 Feb; 9: 39-42

9030

Shih, W. J., McFarland, K. A., Kiefer, V., Wierzbinski, B. Illustrations of abdominal abnormalities on 99mTc tetrofosmin gated cardiac SPECT. Nucl Med Commun. 2005 Feb; 26: 119-27

9050

Csaicsich, D., Muller, T., Arbeiter, K., Balzar, E., Thereska, L., Aufricht, C. Management of congenital hydronephrosis with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: the Vienna-AKH experience 1986-2001. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2004 Nov 30; 116: 725-9

9060

Gran, C. D., Kropp, B. P., Cheng, E. Y., Kropp, K. A. Primary lower urinary tract reconstruction for nonfunctioning renal moieties associated with obstructing ureteroceles. J Urol. 2005 Jan; 173: 198-201

9070

Dunmore, F. R. Chronic atrophic pyelonephritis in children. Adv Nurse Pract. 2004 Nov; 12: 49-50, 52

9090

Adams, J., Mehls, O., Wiesel, M. Pediatric renal transplantation and the dysfunctional bladder. Transpl Int. 2004 Nov; 17: 596-602

9100

Picolos, M. K., Sims, C. R., Mastrobattista, J. M., Carroll, M. A., Lavis, V. R. Milk-alkali syndrome in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Nov; 104: 1201-4

9120

Linard, C. B., Ravasse, P., Casale, A. An unusual case of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology. 2004 Oct; 64: 805-6

9130

Denes, F. T., Arap, M. A., Giron, A. M., Silva, F. A., Arap, S. Comprehensive surgical treatment of prune belly syndrome: 17 years' experience with 32 patients. Urology. 2004 Oct; 64: 789-93; discussion 793-4

9150

Rigoli, L., Chimenz, R., di Bella, C., Cavallaro, E., Caruso, R., Briuglia, S., Fede, C., Salpietro, C. D. Angiotensinconverting enzyme and angiotensin type 2 receptor gene genotype distributions in Italian children with congenital uropathies. Pediatr Res. 2004 Dec; 56: 988-93

9170

Moore, I., Sayer, J. A., Nayar, A., Ahmed, S., Tapson, J. S. Pantoprazole-induced acute interstitial nephritis. J Nephrol. 2004 Jul-Aug; 17: 580-1

9220

Ramirez, D., Lammer, E. J. Lacrimoauriculodentodigital syndrome with cleft lip/palate and renal manifestations. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2004 Sep; 41: 501-6

9230

Evangelidis, A., Murphy, J. P., Gatti, J. M. Incomplete bladder duplication presenting antenatally. Urology. 2004 Sep; 64: 589

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9240

Al-Eisa, A. A., Samhan, M., Naseef, M. End-stage renal disease in Kuwaiti children: an 8-year experience. Transplant Proc. 2004 Jul-Aug; 36: 1788-91

9250

Kristjansson, A., Mansson, W. Renal function in the setting of urinary diversion. World J Urol. 2004 Sep; 22: 1727

9270

Assadi, F. K. IgG-associated mesangial glomerulonephritis in a patient with Down syndrome. Med Sci Monit. 2004 Sep; 10: CS54-6

9280

Atala, A. What's new in urology. J Am Coll Surg. 2004 Sep; 199: 446-61

9290

Al-Mueilo, S. H. Gastroduodenal lesions and Helicobacter pylori infection in hemodialysis patients. Saudi Med J. 2004 Aug; 25: 1010-4

9310

Sarin, Y. K., Sinha, A. Acute appendicitis complicating Mitrofanoff procedure. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Aug; 39: 12945

9330

Gronau, E., Pannek, J. Reflux of a staple after kock pouch urinary diversion: a nidus for renal stone formation. J Endourol. 2004 Jun; 18: 481-2

9340

Schwartz, B. F., Vestal, J. C. Bilateral purely laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal masses using five ports without repositioning: a case report. J Endourol. 2004 Jun; 18: 449-51; discussion 451-2

9350

Rudnik-Schoneborn, S., Stolz, P., Varon, R., Grohmann, K., Schachtele, M., Ketelsen, U. P., Stavrou, D., Kurz, H., Hubner, C., Zerres, K. Long-term observations of patients with infantile spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1). Neuropediatrics. 2004 Jun; 35: 174-82

9370

Kanumakala, S., Kalidasan, V., Kenney, I. Intra-renal reflux. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Jul; 89: 692

9380

Cachat, F., Guignard, J. P. Evaluation of high blood pressure in a 12-year-old girl. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jun; 19: 697-9

9410

Matsumoto, S., Hatanaka, Y., Hanai, T., Konya, E., Nishioka, T., Akiyama, T. Postrenal acute renal failure during pregnancy 20 years after antireflux surgery. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003; 35: 449-50

9450

Giapros, V. I., Tsatsoulis, A. A., Drougia, E. A., Kollios, K. D., Siomou, E. C., Andronikou, S. K. Rare causes of acute hyperkalemia in the 1st week of life. Three case reports. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Sep; 19: 1046-9

9460

Ylinen, E., Ala-Houhala, M., Wikstrom, S. Prognostic factors of posterior urethral valves and the role of antenatal detection. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Aug; 19: 874-9

9480

Vijayaraghavan, S. B., Kandasamy, S. V., Arul, M., Prabhakar, M., Dhinakaran, C. L., Palanisamy, R. Spectrum of high-resolution sonographic features of urinary tuberculosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 May; 23: 585-94

9510

Zamir, G., Sakran, W., Horowitz, Y., Koren, A., Miron, D. Urinary tract infection: is there a need for routine renal ultrasonography?. Arch Dis Child. 2004 May; 89: 466-8

9520

Bycroft, J., Hamid, R., Bywater, H., Patki, P., Craggs, M., Shah, J. Variation in urological practice amongst spinal injuries units in the UK and Eire. Neurourol Urodyn. 2004; 23: 252-6; discussion 257

9540

Berry, R. B., Harding, S. M. Sleep and medical disorders. Med Clin North Am. 2004 May; 88: 679-703, ix

9590

Nahas, W. C., Lucon, M., Mazzucchi, E., Antonopoulos, I. M., Piovesan, A. C., Neto, E. D., Ianhez, L. E., Arap, S. Clinical and urodynamic evaluation after ureterocystoplasty and kidney transplantation. J Urol. 2004 Apr; 171: 1428-31

9620

Yohannes, P., Rao, M., Burjonrappa, S., Sudan, R. Laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery in a Jehovah's Witness patient. J Endourol. 2004 Feb; 18: 59-62

9650

Kuwertz-Broeking, E., Brinkmann, O. A., Von Lengerke, H. J., Sciuk, J., Fruend, S., Bulla, M., Harms, E., Hertle, L. Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: experience in children. BJU Int. 2004 Feb; 93: 388-92

9660

Donmez, O., Aladag, S., Cigerdelen, N., Kocak, S. Outcome in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. Adv Perit Dial. 2003; 19: 269-72

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Holman, E., Khan, A. M., Flasko, T., Toth, C., Salah, M. A. Endoscopic management of pediatric urolithiasis in a developing country. Urology. 2004 Jan; 63: 159-62; discussion 162

9700

Ra, A., Tobe, S. W. Acute interstitial nephritis due to pantoprazole. Ann Pharmacother. 2004 Jan; 38: 41-5

9730

Eckoldt, F., Woderich, R., Wolke, S., Heling, K. S., Stover, B., Tennstedt, C. Follow-up of unilateral multicystic kidney dysplasia after prenatal diagnosis. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2003 Sep; 14: 177-86

9740

Kaneyama, K., Yamataka, A., Satake, S., Yanai, T., Lane, G. J., Kaneko, K., Yamashiro, Y., Miyano, T. Associated urologic anomalies in children with solitary kidney. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Jan; 39: 85-7

9760

Lim, D. J., Park, J. Y., Kim, J. H., Paick, S. H., Oh, S. J., Choi, H. Clinical characteristics and outcome of hydronephrosis detected by prenatal ultrasonography. J Korean Med Sci. 2003 Dec; 18: 859-62

9770

Wang, Y. T., Lin, K. Y., Chen, M. J., Chiou, Y. Y. Renal abscess in children: a clinical retrospective study. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 2003 Jul-Aug; 44: 197-201

9780

Hari, P., Singla, I. K., Mantan, M., Kanitkar, M., Batra, B., Bagga, A. Chronic renal failure in children. Indian Pediatr. 2003 Nov; 40: 1035-42

9790

Cowlam, T. E., Bucknall, T. E. Cutaneous ectopic breast calcification in a haemodialysis patient. Breast. 2003 Oct; 12: 342-4

9800

Moorthy, I., Joshi, N., Cook, J. V., Warren, M. Antenatal hydronephrosis: negative predictive value of normal postnatal ultrasound--a 5-year study. Clin Radiol. 2003 Dec; 58: 964-70

9810

Acton, C., Pahuja, M., Opie, G., Woodward, A. A 5-year audit of 778 neonatal renal scans (Part 2). Miscellaneous anomalies in 59 infants: a pictorial presentation. Australas Radiol. 2003 Dec; 47: 354-62

9840

Shaaban, A. A., Mosbah, A., Abdel-Latif, M., Mohsen, T., Mokhtar, A. A. Outcome of patients with continent urinary reconstruction and a solitary functioning kidney. BJU Int. 2003 Dec; 92: 987-92

9850

Awadallah, S., Hamad, M. A study of haptoglobin phenotypes in patients with chronic renal failure. Ann Clin Biochem. 2003 Nov; 40: 680-3

9870

Greenwell, T. J., Venn, S. N., Creighton, S., Leaver, R. B., Woodhouse, C. R. Pregnancy after lower urinary tract reconstruction for congenital abnormalities. BJU Int. 2003 Nov; 92: 773-7

9880

Goldstein, S. L., Currier, H., Watters, L., Hempe, J. M., Sheth, R. D., Silverstein, D. Acute and chronic inflammation in pediatric patients receiving hemodialysis. J Pediatr. 2003 Nov; 143: 653-7

9890

Perovic, S. V., Djordjevic, M. L., Kekic, Z. K., Vukadinovic, V. M. Detrusorectomy with rectus muscle hitch and backing. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Nov; 38: 1637-41

9910

Chen, C. P., Lin, S. P. Distal 10q trisomy associated with bilateral hydronephrosis in infancy. Genet Couns. 2003; 14: 359-62

9920

Kato, T., Habuchi, T., Sato, K., Satoh, S., Shimoda, N., Tsuchiya, N. Rectosigmoidal bladder utilizing an intussuscepted ileal segment: a surgical technique for urinary diversion. Aktuelle Urol. 2003 Jul; 34: 239-41

9930

Schimmenti, L. A., Manligas, G. S., Sieving, P. A. Optic nerve dysplasia and renal insufficiency in a family with a novel PAX2 mutation, Arg115X: further ophthalmologic delineation of the renal-coloboma syndrome. Ophthalmic Genet. 2003 Dec; 24: 191-202

9960

Nakai, H., Asanuma, H., Shishido, S., Kitahara, S., Yasuda, K. Changing concepts in urological management of the congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract, CAKUT. Pediatr Int. 2003 Oct; 45: 634-41

10000

Heuer, R., Sommer, G., Shortliffe, L. D. Evaluation of renal growth by magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography volumes. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1659-63; discussion 1663

10010

Baez-Trinidad, L. G., Lendvay, T. S., Broecker, B. H., Smith, E. A., Warshaw, B. L., Hymes, L., Kirsch, A. J. Efficacy of nephrectomy for the treatment of nephrogenic hypertension in a pediatric population. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1655-7; discussion 1658

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10060

Merguerian, P. A., Byun, E., Chang, B. Lower urinary tract reconstruction for duplicated renal units with ureterocele. Is excision of the ureterocele with reconstruction of the bladder base necessary?. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1510-3; discussion 1513

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DeFoor, W., Minevich, E., McEnery, P., Tackett, L., Reeves, D., Sheldon, C. Lower urinary tract reconstruction is safe and effective in children with end stage renal disease. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1497-500; discussion 1500

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Theodorou, C., Katsifotis, C., Bocos, J., Moutzouris, G., Stournaras, P., Kostakis, A. Urodynamics prior to renal transplantation--its impact on treatment decision and final results. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2003; 37: 335-8

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Chen, K. S., Chuang, C. K., Wu, C. H., Liaw, C. C., Lee, N. Upper urinary tract tumor in a duplicated collecting system: report of three cases and review of the literature. Chang Gung Med J. 2003 May; 26: 377-82

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Darge, K., Trusen, A., Gordjani, N., Riedmiller, H. Intrarenal reflux: diagnosis with contrast-enhanced harmonic US. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Oct; 33: 729-31

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Kurzrock, E. A., Skinner, D. G., Stein, J. P. Hemi-T pouch modification for pediatric urinary diversion. J Urol. 2003 Sep; 170: 949-51

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Fischbach, M., Terzic, J., Laugel, V., Escande, B., Dangelser, C., Helmstetter, A. Measurement of hydrostatic intraperitoneal pressure: a useful tool for the improvement of dialysis dose prescription. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Oct; 18: 976-80

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Barsoum, R. S. End-stage renal disease in North Africa. Kidney Int Suppl. 2003 Feb; : S111-4

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Pinette, M. G., Blackstone, J., Wax, J. R., Cartin, A. Enlarged fetal bladder: Differential diagnosis and outcomes. J Clin Ultrasound. 2003 Jul-Aug; 31: 328-34

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Jamro, S., Channa, N. A., Shaikh, A. H., Ramzan, A. Chronic renal failure in children. J Pak Med Assoc. 2003 Apr; 53: 140-2

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Grover, J. K., Yadav, S., Vats, V., Joshi, Y. K. Cyclo-oxygenase 2 inhibitors: emerging roles in the gut. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2003 Jul; 18: 279-91

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Shoma, A. M., Eraky, I., El-Kappany, H. A. Pretransplant native nephrectomy in patients with end-stage renal failure: assessment of the role of laparoscopy. Urology. 2003 May; 61: 915-20

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Yoshida, J., Tsuchiya, M., Tatsuma, N., Murakami, M. Mass screening for early detection of congenital kidney and urinary tract abnormalities in infancy. Pediatr Int. 2003 Apr; 45: 142-9

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Lin, K. Y., Chiu, N. T., Chen, M. J., Lai, C. H., Huang, J. J., Wang, Y. T., Chiou, Y. Y. Acute pyelonephritis and sequelae of renal scar in pediatric first febrile urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Apr; 18: 362-5

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Ardissino, G., Dacco, V., Testa, S., Bonaudo, R., Claris-Appiani, A., Taioli, E., Marra, G., Edefonti, A., Sereni, F. Epidemiology of chronic renal failure in children: data from the ItalKid project. Pediatrics. 2003 Apr; 111: e382-7

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Mathews, R., Hubbard, J. S., Gearhart, J. P. Ureteral reimplantation before bladder neck plasty in the reconstruction of bladder exstrophy: indications and outcomes. Urology. 2003 Apr; 61: 820-4

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Cascio, S., Yoneda, A., Chertin, B., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. Renal parenchymal damage in sibling vesicoureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr. 2003; 92: 17-20

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Mondet, F., Pasqui, F., Lucas, J. J., Conort, P., Chartier-Kastler, E. J., Richard, F. Pinball calculus in a ureterosigmoidostomy. Urology. 2003 Mar; 61: 644-5

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Miller, M. E., Williams, J. A. Chronic renal failure in Jamaican children. West Indian Med J. 2002 Dec; 51: 220-4

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Delve, P., Lau, M., Yun, K., Walker, R. Omeprazole-induced acute interstitial nephritis. N Z Med J. 2003 Feb 21; 116: U332

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Oliveira, E. A., Rabelo, E. A., Pereira, A. K., Diniz, J. S., Cabral, A. C., Leite, H. V., Silva, J. M., Fagundes, T. A. Prognostic factors in prenatally-detected posterior urethral valves: a multivariate analysis. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Dec; 18: 662-7

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Bykov, S., Chervinsky, L., Smolkin, V., Halevi, R., Garty, I. Power Doppler sonography versus Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy for diagnosing acute pyelonephritis in children: are these two methods comparable?. Clin Nucl Med. 2003 Mar; 28: 198-203

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Patzer, L., Seeman, T., Luck, C., Wuhl, E., Janda, J., Misselwitz, J. Day- and night-time blood pressure elevation in children with higher grades of renal scarring. J Pediatr. 2003 Feb; 142: 117-22

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Barsoum, R. S. Schistosomiasis and the kidney. Semin Nephrol. 2003 Jan; 23: 34-41

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Piepsz, A., Biggi, A., Sixt, R., Gordon, I., Frokiaer, J., Eskild-Jensen, A., Fettich, J. Symposium on radionuclides in paediatric nephro-urology. Nucl Med Commun. 2003 Jan; 24: 11-22

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Tash, J. A., Stock, J. A., Hanna, M. K. The role of partial nephrectomy in the treatment of pediatric renal hypertension. J Urol. 2003 Feb; 169: 625-8

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Silveri, M., Adorisio, O., Pane, A., Zaccara, A., Bilancioni, E., Giorlandino, C., De Gennaro, M. Fetal monolateral urinoma and neonatal renal function outcome in posterior urethral valves obstruction: the pop-off mechanism. Pediatr Med Chir. 2002 Sep-Oct; 24: 394-6

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Bydder, S., Charles, A., Hewitt, I., Walpole, I., Algar, E. M., Smith, N., Phillips, M. B. Wilms tumor in a pediatric renal transplant recipient with unexpected Denys-Drash syndrome. Transplant Proc. 2002 Dec; 34: 3203-4

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Hopps, C. V., Kropp, K. A. Preservation of renal function in children with myelomeningocele managed with basic newborn evaluation and close followup. J Urol. 2003 Jan; 169: 305-8

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Goonasekera, C. D., Shah, V., Wade, A. M., Dillon, M. J. The usefulness of renal vein renin studies in hypertensive children: a 25-year experience. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Nov; 17: 943-9

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Urbanowicz, W., Wieczorek, M., Sulislawski, J. Retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy in the prone position in children (point of technique). Eur Urol. 2002 Nov; 42: 516-9

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Li Volti, S., Faiella, A., Perrotta, S., Li Volti, G., Lama, G., Bianca, S., Boncinelli, E. Non-allelic heterogeneity in familial unilateral renal adysplasia. Ann Genet. 2002 Jul-Sep; 45: 123-6

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Mehrotra, S., Gopalakrishnan, G., Chacko, K. N., Kekre, N., Abraham, B., Gnanaraj, L., Pandey, A. P. Paediatric renal transplantation--a 15 year experience. Asian J Surg. 2002 Jul; 25: 198-202

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Lee, B. F., Chiou, Y. Y., Chuang, C. M., Wu, P. S., Wu, Y. C., Chiu, N. T. Evolution of differential renal function after acute pyelonephritis. Nucl Med Commun. 2002 Oct; 23: 1005-8

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Hafez, A. T., McLorie, G., Bagli, D., Khoury, A. Analysis of trends on serial ultrasound for high grade neonatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1518-21

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Abidari, J. M., Park, K. H., Kennedy, W. A., Shortliffe, L. D. Serial followup of the contralateral renal size in children with multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1821-5; discussion 1825

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Bosio, M., Manzoni, G. A. Detection of posterior urethral valves with voiding cystourethrosonography with echo contrast. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1711-5; discussion 1715

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Vertolli, U., Lupia, M., Naso, A. Eccentric LVH healing after starting renal replacement therapy. J Nephrol. 2002 Jul-Aug; 15: 403-5

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Vade, A., Agrawal, R., Lim-Dunham, J., Hartoin, D. Utility of computed tomographic renal angiogram in the management of childhood hypertension. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Sep; 17: 741-7

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Watanabe, T. Reflux nephropathy in a patient with crossed renal ectopia with fusion. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Aug; 17: 617-9

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Hellerstein, S., Nickell, E. Prophylactic antibiotics in children at risk for urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 17: 506-10

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Cho, S. J., Lee, S. J. ACE gene polymorphism and renal scar in children with acute pyelonephritis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jul; 17: 491-5

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Arrizabalaga, P., Bergada, E., Sole, M., Halperin, I., Botey, A. Focal segmental glomerular sclerosis in two patients with Addison's disease: any more than fortuitous development of glomerular disease?. Am J Nephrol. 2002 Jul-Aug; 22: 389-93

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Prusinski, L., Sherman, R. G., Ravenel, M. C., Joralmon, R. A. Pseudomembranous candidosis in nephrotic syndrome: a case report. Quintessence Int. 2002 Jul-Aug; 33: 533-5

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Agarwal, S. K., Dash, S. C., Mehta, S. N., Gupta, S., Bhowmik, D., Tiwari, S. C., Guleria, S. Results of renal transplantation on conventional immunosuppression in second decade in India: a single centre experience. J Assoc Physicians India. 2002 Apr; 50: 532-6

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Strid, H., Simren, M., Johansson, A. C., Svedlund, J., Samuelsson, O., Bjornsson, E. S. The prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with chronic renal failure is increased and associated with impaired psychological general well-being. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002 Aug; 17: 1434-9

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Zanolari Calderari, M., Vigier, R. O., Bettinelli, A., Bianchetti, M. G. Electrocardiographic QT prolongation and sudden death in renal hypokalemic alkalosis. Nephron. 2002 Aug; 91: 762-3

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Piepsz, A. Radionuclide studies in paediatric nephro-urology. Eur J Radiol. 2002 Aug; 43: 146-53

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Ring, E., Mache, C. J., Vilits, P. Future expectations--what paediatric nephrologists and urologists await from paediatric uroradiology. Eur J Radiol. 2002 Aug; 43: 94-9

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Cekin, A. H., Boyacioglu, S., Gursoy, M., Bilezikci, B., Gur, G., Akin, E. D., Ozdemir, N., Yilmaz, U. Gastroesophageal reflux disease in chronic renal failure patients with upper GI symptoms: multivariate analysis of pathogenetic factors. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002 Jun; 97: 1352-6

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European best practice guidelines for renal transplantation. Section IV: Long-term management of the transplant recipient. IV.11 Paediatrics (specific problems). Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002; 17 Suppl 4: 55-8

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Chertin, B., Rolle, U., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Does delaying pyeloplasty affect renal function in children with a prenatal diagnosis of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction?. BJU Int. 2002 Jul; 90: 72-5

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Pierides, A. M., Athanasiou, Y., Demetriou, K., Koptides, M., Deltas, C. C. A family with the branchio-oto-renal syndrome: clinical and genetic correlations. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002 Jun; 17: 1014-8

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Hamed, R. M. The spectrum of chronic renal failure among Jordanian children. J Nephrol. 2002 Mar-Apr; 15: 1305

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Adams, J., Gudemann, C., Mohring, K., Mehls, O., Wiesel, M. Renal transplantation in children with malformations of the urinary tract. Transplant Proc. 2002 Mar; 34: 726-7

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Warne, S. A., Wilcox, D. T., Ledermann, S. E., Ransley, P. G. Renal outcome in patients with cloaca. J Urol. 2002 Jun; 167: 2548-51; discussion 2551

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Chang, H., Miller, M. A., Bruns, F. J. Tidal peritoneal dialysis during pregnancy improves clearance and abdominal symptoms. Perit Dial Int. 2002 Mar-Apr; 22: 272-4

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Cataldi, L., Fanos, V. Progress in perinatal nephro-urology. Pediatr Med Chir. 2002 Mar-Apr; 24: 91-3

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Ledermann, S. E., Spitz, L., Moloney, J., Rees, L., Trompeter, R. S. Gastrostomy feeding in infants and children on peritoneal dialysis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Apr; 17: 246-50

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Weisleder, P., Tobin, J. A., Kerrigan, J. F., 3rd, Bodensteiner, J. B. Hypomagnesemic seizures: case report and presumed pathophysiology. J Child Neurol. 2002 Jan; 17: 59-61

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Fallone, C. A., Mayrand, S. Gastroesophageal reflux and hyperacidity in chronic renal failure. Perit Dial Int. 2001; 21 Suppl 3: S295-9

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Miyakita, H., Ueno, S., Nomura, M. Neonatal hydronephrosis detected on routine health check-up. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 2001 Oct; 26: 101-5

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van Eijk, L., Cohen-Overbeek, T. E., den Hollander, N. S., Nijman, J. M., Wladimiroff, J. W. Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: a combined pre- and postnatal assessment. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Feb; 19: 180-3

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Connolly, L. P., Connolly, S. A., Drubach, L. A., Zurakowski, D., Ted Treves, S. Ectopic ureteroceles in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis: use of renal cortical scintigraphy. Clin Nucl Med. 2002 Mar; 27: 169-75

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Ciancio, G., Montalvo, B., Roth, D., Miller, J., Burke, G. W. Allograft pancreatic duct dilatation following bladder drained simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation: clinical significance. JOP. 2000 May; 1: 4-12

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Ognjanovic, M. V., Richardson, D., de La Hunt, M., Plant, N. D., Moghal, N. E., Lambert, H. J., Coulthard, M. G. Selective renal embolisation for renovascular hypertension?. Arch Dis Child. 2002 Feb; 86: 127-9

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Wu, C. J. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and progressive nephropathy after improving glycemic control in an adolescent with diabetic dwarfism. Diabetes Care. 2002 Feb; 25: 401-2

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Hitzel, A., Liard, A., Vera, P., Manrique, A., Menard, J. F., Dacher, J. N. Color and power Doppler sonography versus DMSA scintigraphy in acute pyelonephritis and in prediction of renal scarring. J Nucl Med. 2002 Jan; 43: 27-32

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Bensman, A. Should children with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) undergo imaging studies of the urinary tract?. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jan; 17: 76-7

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Ilyas, M., Mastin, S. T., Richard, G. A. Age-related radiological imaging in children with acute pyelonephritis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002 Jan; 17: 30-4

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Belk, R. A., Thomas, D. F., Mueller, R. F., Godbole, P., Markham, A. F., Weston, M. J. A family study and the natural history of prenatally detected unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 2002 Feb; 167: 666-9

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Lewy, J. E. Treatment of children in the U.S. with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Med Arh. 2001; 55: 201-2

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Bjerklund Johansen, T. E. Diagnosis and imaging in urinary tract infections. Curr Opin Urol. 2002 Jan; 12: 39-43

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Riedmiller, H., Androulakakis, P., Beurton, D., Kocvara, R., Gerharz, E. EAU guidelines on paediatric urology. Eur Urol. 2001 Nov; 40: 589-99

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Boubaker, A., Prior, J., Antonescu, C., Meyrat, B., Frey, P., Delaloye, A. B. F+0 renography in neonates and infants younger than 6 months: an accurate method to diagnose severe obstructive uropathy. J Nucl Med. 2001 Dec; 42: 1780-8

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Ghiro, L., Cracco, A. T., Sartor, M., Comacchio, S., Zacchello, G., Dall'Amico, R. Retrospective study of children with acute pyelonephritis. Evaluation of bacterial etiology, antimicrobial susceptibility, drug management and imaging studies. Nephron. 2002 Jan; 90: 8-15

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Consensus statement on management of antenatally detected hydronephrosis. Indian Pediatr. 2001 Nov; 38: 1244-51

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Jakobsen, J. A., Correas, J. M. Ultrasound contrast agents and their use in urogenital radiology: status and prospects. Eur Radiol. 2001; 11: 2082-91

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Greenwell, T. J., Venn, S. N., Mundy, A. R. Augmentation cystoplasty. BJU Int. 2001 Oct; 88: 511-25

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Biggi, A., Dardanelli, L., Cussino, P., Pomero, G., Noello, C., Sernia, O., Spada, A., Camuzzini, G. Prognostic value of the acute DMSA scan in children with first urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Oct; 16: 800-4

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Trainer, A. F., L'Esperance, J. O., Bamberger, M. H. Images in clinical urology. Upper tract air. Urology. 2001 Sep; 58: 460-1

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Sharma, R. K., Sharma, A. P., Kapoor, R., Pandey, C. M., Gupta, A. Prognostic factors for persistent distal renal tubular acidosis after surgery for posterior urethral valve. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Sep; 38: 488-93

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Anton, A. I., Martinez-Murcia, A. J., Rodriguez-Valera, F., Dalet, F. Sequence microdiversity at the ribosomal RNA operons of Escherichia coli pyelonephritogenic strains. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2001 Jul; 7: 345-51

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Molino, D., Anastasio, P., Casoli, E., De Santo, N. G. Renal abscess: recovery without hospitalization and drainage. Clin Nephrol. 2001 Aug; 56: 169-71

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Fanos, V., Pizzini, C., Mussap, M., Benini, D., Pleban, M. Urinary epidermal growth factor in different renal conditions in children. Ren Fail. 2001 May-Jul; 23: 605-10

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Al-Mousawi, M., Samhan, M., Ramesh, S., Gupta, R., Nampoory, M. R. Renal transplantation in patients with abnormal lower urinary tract. Transplant Proc. 2001 Aug; 33: 2676-7

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Lapointe, S. P., Charbit, M., Jan, D., Lortat-Jacob, S., Michel, J. L., Beurton, D., Gagnadoux, M. F., Niaudet, P., Broyer, M., Revillon, Y. Urological complications after renal transplantation using ureteroureteral anastomosis in children. J Urol. 2001 Sep; 166: 1046-8

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Maronian, N. C., Azadeh, H., Waugh, P., Hillel, A. Association of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease and subglottic stenosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Jul; 110: 606-12

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Sharma, R. K., Sharma, A. P., Kapoor, R., Gupta, A. Prognostic significance of distal renal tubular acidosis in posterior urethral valve. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Jul; 16: 581-5

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Ghobish, A. G. Storage detrusor pressure in bilateral hydroureteronephrosis. Eur Urol. 2001 May; 39: 571-4

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Levtchenko, E. N., Lahy, C., Levy, J., Ham, H. R., Piepsz, A. Role of Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy in the diagnosis of culture negative pyelonephritis. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Jun; 16: 503-6

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Jeren-Strujic, B., Rozman, B., Lambasa, S., Jeren, T., Markovic, M., Raos, V. Secondary hyperparathyroidism and brown tumor in dialyzed patients. Ren Fail. 2001 Mar; 23: 279-86

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Riccabona, M., Ring, E., Schwinger, W., Aigner, R. Amplitude coded-colour Doppler sonography in paediatric renal disease. Eur Radiol. 2001; 11: 861-6

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Lawrenson, R., Wyndaele, J. J., Vlachonikolis, I., Farmer, C., Glickman, S. Renal failure in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. Neuroepidemiology. 2001 May; 20: 138-43

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Hohenfellner, K., Wingen, A. M., Nauroth, O., Wuhl, E., Mehls, O., Schaefer, F. Impact of ACE I/D gene polymorphism on congenital renal malformations. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Apr; 16: 356-61

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Ramirez, S. P., Lebowitz, R. L., Harmon, W. E., Somers, M. J. Predictors for abnormal voiding cystourethrography in pediatric patients undergoing renal transplant evaluation. Pediatr Transplant. 2001 Apr; 5: 99-104

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Motta, M., Malaguarnera, M., Restuccia, N., Romano, M., Vinci, E., Pistone, G. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and hepatitis C virus: a case report. Panminerva Med. 2001 Mar; 43: 49-52

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Parag, P., Sen, S., Chacko, J., Zachariah, N., Thomas, G., Mammen, K. E. Bilateral high loop ureterostomy in the primary management of posterior urethral valves in a developing country. Pediatr Surg Int. 2001 Mar; 17: 1579

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Vega-P, J. M., Pascual, L. A. High-pressure bladder: an underlying factor mediating renal damage in the absence of reflux?. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 581-4

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Rusthoven, E., Trijbels-Smeulders, M., Engels, F. A., Groothoff, J., Tolboom, J. J., Monnens, L. A., Schroder, C. H. Gastrointestinal motor function in children treated with peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int. 2001 Jan-Feb; 21: 8890

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Madani, K., Otoukesh, H., Rastegar, A., Van Why, S. Chronic renal failure in Iranian children. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Feb; 16: 140-4

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Deshpande, P. V., Jones, K. V. An audit of RCP guidelines on DMSA scanning after urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 2001 Apr; 84: 324-7

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Peters, C. A. Laparoendoscopic renal surgery in children. J Endourol. 2000 Dec; 14: 841-7; discussion 847-8

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Benador, D., Neuhaus, T. J., Papazyan, J. P., Willi, U. V., Engel-Bicik, I., Nadal, D., Slosman, D., Mermillod, B., Girardin, E. Randomised controlled trial of three day versus 10 day intravenous antibiotics in acute pyelonephritis: effect on renal scarring. Arch Dis Child. 2001 Mar; 84: 241-6

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Gomes, C. M., Sanchez-Ortiz, R. F., Harris, C., Wein, A. J., Rovner, E. S. Significance of hematuria in patients with interstitial cystitis: review of radiographic and endoscopic findings. Urology. 2001 Feb; 57: 262-5

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Rodriguez, L. V., Lock, J., Kennedy, W. A., Shortliffe, L. M. Evaluation of sonographic renal parenchymal area in the management of hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165: 548-51

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Vaidyanathan, S., Mansour, P., Parsons, K. F., Singh, G., Soni, B. M., Subramaniam, R., Oo, T., Sett, P. Xanthogranulomatous funiculitis and epididymo-orchitis in a tetraplegic patient. Spinal Cord. 2000 Dec; 38: 76972

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Cozzi, D. A., Schiavetti, A., Morini, F., Castello, M. A., Cozzi, F. Nephron-sparing surgery for unilateral primary renal tumor in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Feb; 36: 362-5

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Sherer, D. M. Is fetal hydronephrosis overdiagnosed?. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Dec; 16: 601-6

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Drummond, P. M., Moghal, N. E., Coulthard, M. G. Hypertension in Henoch-Schonlein purpura with minimal urinary findings. Arch Dis Child. 2001 Feb; 84: 163-4

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Tuysuz, B., Beker, B. D., Centel, T., Ungur, S., Iter, O. Unilateral tibial agenesia with preaxial polysyndactyly and renal disorder in two patients: a new syndrome?. Clin Dysmorphol. 2001 Jan; 10: 37-40

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Ogata, T., Muroya, K., Sasagawa, I., Kosho, T., Wakui, K., Sakazume, S., Ito, K., Matsuo, N., Ohashi, H., Nagai, T. Genetic evidence for a novel gene(s) involved in urogenital development on 10q26. Kidney Int. 2000 Dec; 58: 2281-90

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Ross, J. H. Urinary tract infections: 2000 update. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Oct 15; 62: 1777-8, 1780

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Feldenberg, L. R., Siegel, N. J. Clinical course and outcome for children with multicystic dysplastic kidneys. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Oct; 14: 1098-101

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Huang, R. Y., Shapiro, N. L. Structural airway anomalies in patients with DiGeorge syndrome: a current review. Am J Otolaryngol. 2000 Sep-Oct; 21: 326-30

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Ece, A., Ozdemir, E., Gurkan, F., Dokucu, A. I., Akdeniz, O. Characteristics of pediatric urolithiasis in south-east Anatolia. Int J Urol. 2000 Sep; 7: 330-4

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Farhat, W., McLorie, G., Capolicchio, G., Khoury, A., Bagli, D., Merguerian, P. A. Outcomes of primary valve ablation versus urinary tract diversion in patients with posterior urethral valves. Urology. 2000 Oct 1; 56: 653-7

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Jayawardene, S., Owen, W. J., Goldsmith, D. J. Parathyroid carcinoma in a dialysis patient. Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Oct; 36: E26

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Gralnek, I. M., Hays, R. D., Kilbourne, A., Naliboff, B., Mayer, E. A. The impact of irritable bowel syndrome on health-related quality of life. Gastroenterology. 2000 Sep; 119: 654-60

12070

Fanos, V., Agostiniani, R., Cataldi, L. Pyelectasis and hydronephrosis in the newborn and infant. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Aug; 89: 900-4

12080

Martinell, J., Hansson, S., Claesson, I., Jacobsson, B., Lidin-Janson, G., Jodal, U. Detection of urographic scars in girls with pyelonephritis followed for 13-38 years. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Sep; 14: 1006-10

12100

Langenstroer, P. Ileal conduit staple reflux: a nidus for renal calculi. Urology. 2000 Sep 1; 56: 504-5

12110

Heldrich, F. J., Barone, M. A., Spiegler, E. UTI: diagnosis and evaluation in symptomatic pediatric patients. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2000 Aug; 39: 461-72

12130

Fanos, V., Schena, S., Dal Moro, A., Portuese, A., Antoniazzi, F. Multicystic kidney dysplasia and Turner syndrome: two cases and a literature review. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Aug; 14: 754-7

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Sukthankar, S., Watson, A. R. Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney disease: defining the natural history. Anglia Paediatric Nephrourology Group. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Jul; 89: 811-3

12170

Post, A. T., Voorhorst, G., Zanen, A. L. Reversible renal failure after treatment with omeprazole. Neth J Med. 2000 Aug; 57: 58-61

12180

Weir, M., Brien, J. Adolescent urinary tract infections. Adolesc Med. 2000 Jun; 11: 293-313

12190

Woolf, A. S. A molecular and genetic view of human renal and urinary tract malformations. Kidney Int. 2000 Aug; 58: 500-12

12200

Lo, W. C., Wang, C. R., Lim, K. E. Diagnosis of the congenital urethral anomalies of male child by voiding cystourethrography. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 1999 May-Jun; 40: 152-6

12230

Ringel, A., Richter, S., Shalev, M., Nissenkorn, I. Late complications of ureteral stents. Eur Urol. 2000 Jul; 38: 414

12240

Willis, F. R., Findlay, C. A., Gorrie, M. J., Watson, M. A., Wilkinson, A. G., Beattie, T. J. Children of renal transplant recipient mothers. J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Jun; 36: 230-5

12250

Reiss, R. E., Landon, M. B., Jayanthi, V. R., Caniano, D. A., Mutabagani, K., O'Shaughnessy, R. W. Functional urinary tract obstruction developing in fetuses with isolated gastroschisis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Mar; 15: 194-8

12280

Kohelet, D., Arbel, E. A prospective search for urinary tract abnormalities in infants with isolated preauricular tags. Pediatrics. 2000 May; 105: E61

12290

Bachur, R. Nonresponders: prolonged fever among infants with urinary tract infections. Pediatrics. 2000 May; 105: E59

12300

Kolon, T. F., Gray, C. L., Sutherland, R. W., Roth, D. R., Gonzales, E. T., Jr. Upper urinary tract manifestations of the VACTERL association. J Urol. 2000 Jun; 163: 1949-51

12310

Moudgil, A., Bagga, A. Evaluation and treatment of chronic renal failure. Indian J Pediatr. 1999 Mar-Apr; 66: 24153

12320

Uehling, D. T., Hahnfeld, L. E., Scanlan, K. A. Urinary tract abnormalities in children with acute focal bacterial nephritis. BJU Int. 2000 May; 85: 885-8

12340

Tekgul, S., Oge, O., Bal, K., Erkan, I., Bakkaloglu, M. Ureterocystoplasty: an alternative reconstructive procedure to enterocystoplasty in suitable cases. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Apr; 35: 577-9

12350

Hellerstein, S. Long-term consequences of urinary tract infections. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2000 Apr; 12: 125-8

12370

Stover, S. L., Wiggins, K. C. Single kidney outcome and management in persons with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2000 Spring; 23: 2-5

12380

Hari, P., Bagga, A., Srivastava, R. N. Sustained hypertension in children. Indian Pediatr. 2000 Mar; 37: 268-74

12410

Richter, S., Ringel, A., Shalev, M., Nissenkorn, I. The indwelling ureteric stent: a 'friendly' procedure with unfriendly high morbidity. BJU Int. 2000 Mar; 85: 408-11

12430

Patti, G., Menghini, M. L., Todini, A. R., Marrocco, G., Calisti, A. The role of the renal resistive index ratio in diagnosing obstruction and in the follow-up of children with unilateral hydronephrosis. BJU Int. 2000 Feb; 85: 30812

12440

Jutley, R. S., Youngson, G. G., Eremin, O., Ninan, G. K. Serum cytokine profile in reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2000; 16: 64-8

12450

Brown, S., Marshall, D., Patterson, D., Cunningham, A. M. Chronic pyelonephritis in association with neuropathic bladder. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Dec; 9 Suppl 1: 29-30

12460

Peco-Antic, A., Nastic-Miric, D., Babic, D., Pejcic, I. The captopril test: an aid to identify hypertensive children with renal scarring. Nephron. 2000 Feb; 84: 192-3

12470

Linshaw, M. A. Controversies in childhood urinary tract infections. World J Urol. 1999 Dec; 17: 383-95

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Salerno, A., Kohlhase, J., Kaplan, B. S. Townes-Brocks syndrome and renal dysplasia: a novel mutation in the SALL1 gene. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Jan; 14: 25-8

12510

Yen, C. W., Chen, D. H. Urinary tract infection in children. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 1999 Sep; 32: 199-205

12520

Wennerstrom, M., Hansson, S., Jodal, U., Stokland, E. Primary and acquired renal scarring in boys and girls with urinary tract infection. J Pediatr. 2000 Jan; 136: 30-4

12530

Patterson, L. T., Strife, C. F. Acquired versus congenital renal scarring after childhood urinary tract infection. J Pediatr. 2000 Jan; 136: 2-4

12560

Bollgren, I. Antibacterial prophylaxis in children with urinary tract infection. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1999 Nov; 88: 4852

12600

Lal, R., Bhatnagar, V., Mitra, D. K. Long-term prognosis of renal function in boys treated for posterior urethral valves. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Oct; 9: 307-11

12610

Wong, D. C., Rossleigh, M. A., Farnsworth, R. H. F+0 diuresis renography in infants and children. J Nucl Med. 1999 Nov; 40: 1805-11

12630

Dressler, G. R., Woolf, A. S. Pax2 in development and renal disease. Int J Dev Biol. 1999; 43: 463-8

12650

Robben, S. G., Boesten, M., Linmans, J., Lequin, M. H., Nijman, R. M. Significance of thickening of the wall of the renal collecting system in children: an ultrasound study. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Oct; 29: 736-40

12680

Martin, X., Aboutaieb, R., Soliman, S., el Essawy, A., Dawahra, M., Lefrancois, N. The use of long-term defunctionalized bladder in renal transplantation: is it safe?. Eur Urol. 1999 Nov; 36: 450-3

12690

Salvatierra, O., Jr., Sarwal, M., Alexander, S., Lemley, K. V., Yorgin, P., Al-Uzri, A., Lu, A., Millan, M., Alfrey, E. A new, unique and simple method for ureteral implantation in kidney recipients with small, defunctionalized bladders. Transplantation. 1999 Sep 27; 68: 731-8

12710

Tahzib, M., Frank, R., Gauthier, B., Valderrama, E., Trachtman, H. Vitamin E treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: results of an open-label study. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Oct; 13: 649-52

12730

Yen, T. C., Tzen, K. Y., Chen, W. P., Lin, C. Y. The value of Ga-67 renal SPECT in diagnosing and monitoring complete and incomplete treatment in children with acute pyelonephritis. Clin Nucl Med. 1999 Sep; 24: 669-73

12740

Pope, J. C.,4th, Brock, J. W., 3rd, Adams, M. C., Stephens, F. D., Ichikawa, I. How they begin and how they end: classic and new theories for the development and deterioration of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, CAKUT. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1999 Sep; 10: 2018-28

12750

Keane, W. F., Swan, S. K., Grimes, I., Humphries, T. J. Rabeprazole: pharmacokinetics and tolerability in patients with stable, end-stage renal failure. J Clin Pharmacol. 1999 Sep; 39: 927-33

12760

Chou, C. M. Evaluation and treatment of hypertension. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1999 Aug; 25: 521-37

12770

Eccles, M. R., Schimmenti, L. A. Renal-coloboma syndrome: a multi-system developmental disorder caused by PAX2 mutations. Clin Genet. 1999 Jul; 56: 1-9

12780

Yerkes, E. B., Adams, M. C., Pope, J. C., 4th, Brock, J. W., 3rd Does every patient with prenatal hydronephrosis need voiding cystourethrography?. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1218-20

12790

Raj, G. V., Bennett, R. T., Preminger, G. M., King, L. R., Wiener, J. S. The incidence of nephrolithiasis in patients with spinal neural tube defects. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1238-42

12800

Jayanthi, V. R., Arnold, P. M., Koff, S. A. Strategies for managing upper tract calculi in young children. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1234-7

12810

Vates, T. S., Shull, M. J., Underberg-Davis, S. J., Fleisher, M. H. Complications of voiding cystourethrography in the evaluation of infants with prenatally detected hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1221-3

12840

Jayanthi, V. R., Koff, S. A. Long-term outcome of transurethral puncture of ectopic ureteroceles: initial success and late problems. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1077-80

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12850

McAleer, I. M., Kaplan, G. W. Renal function before and after pyeloplasty: does it improve?. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1041-4

12860

Chertin, B., Fridmans, A., Knizhnik, M., Hadas-Halperin, I., Hain, D., Farkas, A. Does early detection of ureteropelvic junction obstruction improve surgical outcome in terms of renal function?. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1037-40

12870

Chandar, J., Abitbol, C., Novak, M., Zilleruelo, G., Strauss, J. Abnormal urinary acidification in infants with hydronephrosis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 May; 13: 315-8

12880

Lagomarsimo, E., Valenzuela, A., Cavagnaro, F., Solar, E. Chronic renal failure in pediatrics 1996. Chilean survey. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 May; 13: 288-91

12900

Acquired cystic kidney disease in children undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Kyushu Pediatric Nephrology Study Group. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Aug; 34: 242-6

12910

Calisti, A., Marrocco, G., Patti, G. The role of minimal surgery with renal preservation in abnormal complete duplex systems. Pediatr Surg Int. 1999 Jul; 15: 347-9

12930

Lin, D. W., Kuhr, C. S., Marsh, C. L. Endoscopic treatment of bladder outlet obstruction in men after pancreas transplantation. J Urol. 1999 Aug; 162: 335-8

12940

Sert, S., Dalgic, A., Akkok, N., Buyan, N., Soylemezoglu, O., Hasanoglu, E. A stormy transplant case with happy ending. Int Urol Nephrol. 1999; 31: 119-23

12950

Kim, P. K., Kim, J. H. Pediatric peritoneal dialysis in Korea: practical solutions to the problems of peritoneal dialysis for children. Perit Dial Int. 1999; 19 Suppl 2: S489-92

12970

Kato, H., Abol-Enein, H., Igawa, Y., Nishizawa, O., Ghoneim, M. A. A case of ileal ureter with proximal antireflux system. Int J Urol. 1999 Jun; 6: 320-3

12990

Maton, P. N., Burton, M. E. Antacids revisited: a review of their clinical pharmacology and recommended therapeutic use. Drugs. 1999 Jun; 57: 855-70

13000

Dall'Oglio, I., Cianchi, D., Somma, R. PEGS in children: nursing considerations. Gastroenterol Nurs. 1999 MarApr; 22: 47-51

13010

Jeon, A., Cramer, B. C., Walsh, E., Pushpanathan, C. A spectrum of segmental multicystic renal dysplasia. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 May; 29: 309-15

13020

Hasegawa, T., Kim, M., Kitayama, Y., Kitamura, K., Hiranaka, T. Choledochal cyst associated with polycystic kidney disease: report of a case. HPB Surg. 1999; 11: 185-9; discussion 189-90

13030

Seki, T., Koyanagi, T., Nonomura, K., Yamashita, T., Chikaraishi, T., Kanagawa, K. Kidney transplantation in a child with posterior urethral valve from a hepatitis B virus-carrier mother. Report of a case with special reference to urinary tract reconstruction for dysfunctionalized uropathies and seroimmunological preparation against vir. Urol Int. 1998; 61: 237-9

13040

Lazebnik, N., Bellinger, M. F., Ferguson, J. E., 2nd, Hogge, J. S., Hogge, W. A. Insights into the pathogenesis and natural history of fetuses with multicystic dysplastic kidney disease. Prenat Diagn. 1999 May; 19: 418-23

13050

Morin, D., Veyrac, C., Kotzki, P. O., Lopez, C., Dalla Vale, F., Durand, M. F., Astruc, J., Dumas, R. Comparison of ultrasound and dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy changes in acute pyelonephritis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Apr; 13: 219-22

13060

Lashley, D. B., Barry, J. M., Demattos, A. M., Lande, M. B., Mowry, J. A. Kidney transplantation in children: a single center experience. J Urol. 1999 Jun; 161: 1920-5

13110

de Mattos, A. M., Bennett, W. M., Barry, J. M., Norman, D. J. HLA-identical sibling renal transplantation--a 21-yr single-center experience. Clin Transplant. 1999 Apr; 13: 158-67

13130

Repassy, D., Csata, S., Tamas, G., Weninger, T. Bilateral ureteric replacement with ileum. Acta Chir Hung. 1998; 37: 119-23

13140

McKenzie, C., Boyne, M., Venugopal, S., Cooper, E. Dumping syndrome in a young Jamaican child. West Indian Med J. 1998 Dec; 47: 169-71

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13150

Sarnak, M. J., Long, J., King, A. J. Intravesicular formaldehyde instillation and renal complications. Clin Nephrol. 1999 Feb; 51: 122-5

13170

Squires, F. B., Coakley, F. V., Berg, W. J., Panicek, D. M. Bilateral renal masses after local Bacillus CalmetteGuerin therapy for postcystectomy ureteral cancer. Abdom Imaging. 1999 Mar-Apr; 24: 200-1

13190

Poropat, M., Batinic, D., Basic, M., Nizic, L. J., Dodig, D., Milosevic, D., Votava-Raic, A., Tezak, S., Vrljicak, K., Huic, D., Medvedec, M. Tc-99m DTPA renal scintigraphy using deconvolution analysis with six functional images of the mean time to evaluate acute pyelonephritis. Clin Nucl Med. 1999 Feb; 24: 120-4

13200

Dahm, P., King, L. R. Experience with transurethral incision of ureteroceles. Urol Int. 1998; 61: 157-61

13210

Chen, C. P., Wang, W., Lin, S. P., Sheu, J. C., Tsai, J. D. Perinatal findings in a male fetus with congenital megacystis and anorectal malformations. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1998 Nov-Dec; 13: 348-51

13230

Alon, U. S., Ganapathy, S. Should renal ultrasonography be done routinely in children with first urinary tract infection?. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1999 Jan; 38: 21-5

13240

Praga, M., Morales, E., Herrero, J. C., Perez Campos, A., Dominguez-Gil, B., Alegre, R., Vara, J., Martinez, M. A. Absence of hypoalbuminemia despite massive proteinuria in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis secondary to hyperfiltration. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999 Jan; 33: 52-8

13250

Pennesi, M., Salvatore, C. M., Peratoner, L. Different clinical presentations of pyelonephritis in children with and without vesicoureteral reflux: an Italian Multicenter Study. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec; 102: 1493-4

13270

Schwenger, V., Ritz, E. Audit of antihypertensive treatment in patients with renal failure. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 Dec; 13: 3091-5

13280

Yen, T. C., Tzen, K. Y., Lin, W. Y., Chen, W. P., Lin, C. Y. Identification of new renal scarring in repeated episodes of acute pyelonephritis using Tc-99m DMSA renal SPECT. Clin Nucl Med. 1998 Dec; 23: 828-31

13290

Lavocat, M. P., Granjon, D., Guimpied, Y., Dutour, N., Allard, D., Prevot, N., Dubois, F. The importance of 99Tcm-DMSA renal scintigraphy in the follow-up of acute pyelonephritis in children: comparison with urographic data. Nucl Med Commun. 1998 Jul; 19: 703-10

13310

Shafik, A. Role of the calices in urine flow with characterization of a caliceopelvic sphincter and reflex. Am J Nephrol. 1998; 18: 478-84

13320

Ditchfield, M. R., Nadel, H. R. The DMSA scan in paediatric urinary tract infection. Australas Radiol. 1998 Nov; 42: 318-20

13330

Kessler, O. J., Ziv, N., Livne, P. M., Merlob, P. Involution rate of multicystic renal dysplasia. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec; 102: E73

13340

Benador, N., Siegrist, C. A., Gendrel, D., Greder, C., Benador, D., Assicot, M., Bohuon, C., Girardin, E. Procalcitonin is a marker of severity of renal lesions in pyelonephritis. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec; 102: 1422-5

13350

Woolf, A. S. Emerging roles of obstruction and mutations in renal malformations. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Oct; 12: 690-4

13360

Drozdz, D., Drozdz, M., Gretz, N., Mohring, K., Mehls, O., Scharer, K. Progression to end-stage renal disease in children with posterior urethral valves. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Oct; 12: 630-6

13370

Savanelli, A., Schiano, A., Esposito, C., Russo, S., Dolezalova, H. Congenital megalourethra associated with urethral duplication and imperforate anus. Pediatr Surg Int. 1998 Oct; 13: 607-9

13390

Brock, J. W., 3rd, Hunley, T. E., Adams, M. C., Kon, V. Role of the renin-angiotensin system in disorders of the urinary tract. J Urol. 1998 Nov; 160: 1812-9

13400

Hogg, R. J., Harris, S., Lawrence, D. M., Henning, P. H., Wigg, N., Jureidini, K. F. Renal tract abnormalities detected in Australian preschool children. J Paediatr Child Health. 1998 Oct; 34: 420-4

13410

Dharnidharka, V. R., Rosen, S., Somers, M. J. Acute interstitial nephritis presenting as presumed minimal change nephrotic syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Sep; 12: 576-8

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John, U., Rudnik-Schoneborn, S., Zerres, K., Misselwitz, J. Kidney growth and renal function in unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Sep; 12: 567-71

13430

Dudley, J., Allen, J., Tizard, J., McGraw, M. Benign methylmalonic acidemia in a sibship with distal renal tubular acidosis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Sep; 12: 564-6

13440

Devriendt, K., Matthijs, G., Van Damme, B., Van Caesbroeck, D., Eccles, M., Vanrenterghem, Y., Fryns, J. P., Leys, A. Missense mutation and hexanucleotide duplication in the PAX2 gene in two unrelated families with renalcoloboma syndrome (MIM 120330). Hum Genet. 1998 Aug; 103: 149-53

13460

White, B. Clinical approach to scleroderma. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 1998 Sep; 17: 213-8

13470

Feld, L. G., Meyers, K. E., Kaplan, B. S., Stapleton, F. B. Limited evaluation of microscopic hematuria in pediatrics. Pediatrics. 1998 Oct; 102: E42

13480

Tanaka, H., Nakahata, T., Ito, R., Onodera, N., Waga, S. An infant case of bilateral small kidneys with both proximal and distal tubular dysfunction. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1998 Aug; 40: 367-9

13490

Li, B. U., Murray, R. D., Heitlinger, L. A., Robbins, J. L., Hayes, J. R. Heterogeneity of diagnoses presenting as cyclic vomiting. Pediatrics. 1998 Sep; 102: 583-7

13510

Rudnik-Schoneborn, S., John, U., Deget, F., Ehrich, J. H., Misselwitz, J., Zerres, K. Clinical features of unilateral multicystic renal dysplasia in children. Eur J Pediatr. 1998 Aug; 157: 666-72

13520

Keshtgar, A. S., Rickwood, A. M. Urological consequences of incomplete cord lesions in patients with myelomeningocele. Br J Urol. 1998 Aug; 82: 258-60

13540

Wakhlu, A., Dalela, D., Tandon, R. K., Chandra, H., Wakhlu, A. K. The single ectopic ureter. Br J Urol. 1998 Aug; 82: 246-51

13550

Sanghvi, K. P., Merchant, R. H., Gondhalekar, A., Lulla, C. P., Mehta, A. A., Mehta, K. P. Antenatal diagnosis of congenital renal malformations using ultrasound. J Trop Pediatr. 1998 Aug; 44: 235-40

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Crowe, A., Cairns, H. S., Wood, S., Rudge, C. J., Woodhouse, C. R., Neild, G. H. Renal transplantation following renal failure due to urological disorders. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 Aug; 13: 2065-9

13590

Ahmed, S., Sripathi, V., Sen, S. Perforation of an autoaugmented bladder. Aust N Z J Surg. 1998 Aug; 68: 617-9

13610

Elenberg, E., Norling, L. L., Kleinman, R. E., Ingelfinger, J. R. Feeding problems in cystinosis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Jun; 12: 365-70

13620

Dotsch, J., Hanze, J., Knufer, V., Steiss, J. O., Dittrich, K., Seidel, A., Rascher, W. Increased urinary adrenomedullin excretion in children with urinary-tract infection. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 Jul; 13: 1686-9

13630

Domini, M., Aquino, A., Lima, M., Federici, S., Andriani, G., Sardella, L., Lelli Chiesa, P., Domini, R. Multicystic kidney joined to the homolateral testis by an ectopic vas deferens: embryological hypothesis for a new description. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jun; 8: 178-81

13650

Everaert, K., Delanghe, J., Vande Wiele, C., Hoebeke, P., Dierckx, R. A., Clarysse, B., Lameire, N., Oosterlinck, W. Urinary alpha 1-microglobulin detects uropathy. A prospective study in 483 urological patients. Clin Chem Lab Med. 1998 May; 36: 309-15

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de Castro, M. C., Saldanha, L. B., Nahas, W., David, D. S., Arap, S., David-Neto, E., Sabbaga, E., Ianhez, L. E. Post-transplant neutrophilic interstitial nephritis--an important cause of graft dysfunction. Transpl Int. 1998; 11 Suppl 1: S144-6

13690

Warady, B. A., Fivush, B., Morgenstern, B. Report of the American Society of Nephrology meetings. J Urol. 1998 Feb; 159: 516-20

13700

Lal, R., Bhatnagar, V., Mitra, D. K. Upper-tract changes after treatment of posterior urethral valves. Pediatr Surg Int. 1998 Jul; 13: 396-9

13710

Park, J. M., Bloom, D. A. The pathophysiology of UPJ obstruction. Current concepts. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 May; 25: 161-9

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13730

Sreenarasimhaiah, S., Hellerstein, S. Urinary tract infections per se do not cause end-stage kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Apr; 12: 210-3

13740

Rassweiler, J., Fornara, P., Weber, M., Janetschek, G., Fahlenkamp, D., Henkel, T., Beer, M., Stackl, W., Boeckmann, W., Recker, F., Lampel, A., Fischer, C., Humke, U., Miller, K. Laparoscopic nephrectomy: the experience of the laparoscopy working group of the German Urologic Association. J Urol. 1998 Jul; 160: 18-21

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Fornara, P., Doehn, C., Miglietti, G., Fricke, L., Steinhoff, J., Sack, K., Jocham, D. Laparoscopic nephrectomy: comparison of dialysis and non-dialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 May; 13: 1221-5

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Kitagawa, H., Pringle, K. C., Stone, P., Flower, J., Murakami, N., Robinson, R. Postnatal follow-up of hydronephrosis detected by prenatal ultrasound: the natural history. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1998 Jan-Feb; 13: 19-25

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Sweeney, J. P., Fan, C. W., Keogh, J. A., Thornhill, J. A. Upper renal tract deterioration after cyclophosphamideinduced cystitis: the case for monitoring after cyclophosphamide therapy. Br J Urol. 1998 Apr; 81: 639-40

13790

Fontaine, E., Gagnadoux, M. F., Niaudet, P., Broyer, M., Beurton, D. Renal transplantation in children with augmentation cystoplasty: long-term results. J Urol. 1998 Jun; 159: 2110-3

13810

Ahmed, S., Sen, S. The Mitrofanoff procedure in paediatric urinary tract reconstruction. Aust N Z J Surg. 1998 Mar; 68: 199-202

13820

Pal, C. R., Tuson, J. R., Lindsell, D. R., McHugh, K., Hope, P. L., Ives, K. The role of micturating cystourethrography in antenatally detected mild hydronephrosis. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Mar; 28: 152-5

13830

Kurzrock, E. A., Polse, S. Renal deterioration in myelodysplastic children: urodynamic evaluation and clinical correlates. J Urol. 1998 May; 159: 1657-61

13840

Kucherenko, A., Markov, C. Urinary excretion of prostanoids in children with chronic pyelonephritis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1997; 400B: 963-9

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Barron, B. J., Imam, S., Lamki, L., Redwine, M. D., Nightingale, J. A., Kahan, B. Augmented enterocystoplasty for neurogenic bladder associated with renal transplantation: appearance on Tc-99m MAG3 renal transplant scan. Clin Nucl Med. 1998 Mar; 23: 156-9

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Doehn, C., Fornara, P., Fricke, L., Jocham, D. Comparison of laparoscopic and open nephroureterectomy for benign disease. J Urol. 1998 Mar; 159: 732-4

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Giannantoni, A., Scivoletto, G., Di Stasi, S. M., Silecchia, A., Finazzi-Agro, E., Micali, I., Castellano, V. Clean intermittent catheterization and prevention of renal disease in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord. 1998 Jan; 36: 29-32

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Kobata, R., Tsukahara, H., Takeuchi, M., Hori, C., Hiraoka, M., Uchida, T., Kotsuji, F., Ito, Y., Okada, K., Sudo, M. Early detection of prune belly syndrome in utero by ultrasonography. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1997 Dec; 39: 705-9

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Wahl, R. A., Ball, T. M., Duncan, B., Shapiro, E. Office laboratory procedures, office economics, patient and parent education, and urinary tract infection. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1997 Dec; 9: 642-51

13950

Motiwala, H. G. Spontaneous nephrocutaneous fistula: a rare complication of reflux nephropathy. Int Urol Nephrol. 1997; 29: 411-4

14000

Elder, J. S. Antenatal hydronephrosis. Fetal and neonatal management. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1997 Oct; 44: 1299-321

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Clarke, D., Hall, C., Shaw, D. Transdiaphragmatic herniation of peritoneal dialysis fluid post Nissen's operation: an unusual cause for a mass on the chest radiograph. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Oct; 27: 813-4

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Saunders, C. A., Choong, K. K., Larcos, G., Farlow, D., Gruenewald, S. M. Assessment of pediatric hydronephrosis using output efficiency. J Nucl Med. 1997 Sep; 38: 1483-6

14080

Van Savage, J. G., Khoury, A. E., McLorie, G. A., Bagli, D. J. An algorithm for the management of anterior urethral valves. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1030-2

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Kim, Y. H., Horowitz, M., Combs, A. J., Nitti, V. W., Glassberg, K. I. The management of unilateral poorly functioning kidneys in patients with posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1001-3

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Thomson, P. D. Renal problems in black South African children. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Aug; 11: 508-12

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Strehlau, J., Winkler, P., de la Roche, J. The uretero-vesical jet as a functional diagnostic tool in childhood hydronephrosis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Aug; 11: 460-7

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Persutte, W. H., Koyle, M., Lenke, R. R., Klas, J., Ryan, C., Hobbins, J. C. Mild pyelectasis ascertained with prenatal ultrasonography is pediatrically significant. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Jul; 10: 12-8

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Golwyn, D. H., Jr., Routh, W. D., Chen, M. Y., Lorentz, W. B., Dyer, R. B. Percutaneous transcatheter renal ablation with absolute ethanol for uncontrolled hypertension or nephrotic syndrome: results in 11 patients with end-stage renal disease. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1997 Jul-Aug; 8: 527-33

14180

Smith, L., Morris, M., Wong, W. Renal transplantation in children; the Auckland experience 1980-96. N Z Med J. 1997 Jun 13; 110: 202-4

14190

Wese, F. X., Feyaerts, A., Laassou, K., Clapuyt, P., St-Martin, C., Veykemans, F., Opsomer, R. J., Lorge, F., De Groote, P., Van Cangh, P. J. Megaureter in childhood: conservative or surgical management?. Acta Urol Belg. 1997 Jun; 65: 49-55

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Campanello, M., Herlitz, H., Hultberg, B., Zachrisson, B. F., Akerlund, S., Jonsson, O. Serum levels of IgG antibodies against Tamm-Horsfall protein and urinary excretion of NAG and alpha-1-microglobulin as possible markers for tubular damage in patients with a continent ileal reservoir for urinary diversion. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1997 Jun; 31: 237-43

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Wu, H. Y., Baskin, L. S., Kogan, B. A. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to myelomeningocele: neonatal versus childhood treatment. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157: 2295-7

14250

Coplen, D. E. Prenatal intervention for hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157: 2270-7

14260

Karmazyn, B., Zerin, J. M. Lower urinary tract abnormalities in children with multicystic dysplastic kidney. Radiology. 1997 Apr; 203: 223-6

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Docimo, S. G., Silver, R. I. Renal ultrasonography in newborns with prenatally detected hydronephrosis: why wait?. J Urol. 1997 Apr; 157: 1387-9

14310

Stark, H. Urinary tract infections in girls: the cost-effectiveness of currently recommended investigative routines. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Apr; 11: 174-7; discussion 180-1

14320

Close, C. E., Carr, M. C., Burns, M. W., Mitchell, M. E. Lower urinary tract changes after early valve ablation in neonates and infants: is early diversion warranted?. J Urol. 1997 Mar; 157: 984-8

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van der Voort, J., Edwards, A., Roberts, R., Verrier Jones, K. The struggle to diagnose UTI in children under two in primary care. Fam Pract. 1997 Feb; 14: 44-8

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Begun, F. P., Foley, W. D., Peterson, A., White, B. Patient evaluation. Laboratory and imaging studies. Urol Clin North Am. 1997 Feb; 24: 97-116

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Rushton, H. G. The evaluation of acute pyelonephritis and renal scarring with technetium 99mdimercaptosuccinic acid renal scintigraphy: evolving concepts and future directions. Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Feb; 11: 108-20

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Lavocat, M. P., Granjon, D., Allard, D., Gay, C., Freycon, M. T., Dubois, F. Imaging of pyelonephritis. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Feb; 27: 159-65

14390

Kuo, P. C., Johnson, L. B., Schweitzer, E. J., Bartlett, S. T. Simultaneous pancreas/kidney transplantation--a comparison of enteric and bladder drainage of exocrine pancreatic secretions. Transplantation. 1997 Jan 27; 63: 238-43

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Benador, D., Benador, N., Slosman, D., Mermillod, B., Girardin, E. Are younger children at highest risk of renal sequelae after pyelonephritis?. Lancet. 1997 Jan 4; 349: 17-9

14410

Krishnan, K. R., Vaidyanathan, S., Soni, B. M., Watt, J. W. Urine leakage from the umbilicus in a child with achondroplasia and tetraplegia (due to cervical stenosis): a safety vent for the obstructed neuropathic bladder. Int Urol Nephrol. 1997; 29: 45-51

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Catz, A., Luttwak, Z. P., Agranov, E., Ronen, J., Shpaser, R., Paz, A., Lask, D., Tamir, A., Mukamel, E. The role of external sphincterotomy for patients with a spinal cord lesion. Spinal Cord. 1997 Jan; 35: 48-52

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Fernbach, S. K., Feinstein, K. A., Spencer, K., Lindstrom, C. A. Ureteral duplication and its complications. Radiographics. 1997 Jan-Feb; 17: 109-27

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Hernaiz Driever, P., Gohlich-Ratmann, G., Konig, R., Heller, K., Schmidt, H., Baum, R. P., Bohles, H. J. Congenital microgastria, growth hormone deficiency and diabetes insipidus. Eur J Pediatr. 1997 Jan; 156: 37-40

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Senanayake, M., Semmens, M. Fetal hydronephrosis, a one year follow up. Ceylon Med J. 1996 Dec; 41: 141-3

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Kim, E. K., Song, T. B. A study on fetal urinary tract anomaly: antenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis and postnatal follow-up. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 1996 Dec; 22: 569-73

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Muchant, D. G., Gloor, J. M., Norling, L. L. Persistent severe hypertension in an infant with posterior urethral valves. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Dec; 10: 764-5

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Barakat, A. J., Saba, C., Rennert, O. M. Kidney abnormalities in Hajdu-Cheney syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Dec; 10: 712-5

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Stokland, E., Hellstrom, M., Jacobsson, B., Jodal, U., Sixt, R. Renal damage one year after first urinary tract infection: role of dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy. J Pediatr. 1996 Dec; 129: 815-20

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Sillen, U., Hansson, E., Hermansson, G., Hjalmas, K., Jacobsson, B., Jodal, U. Development of the urodynamic pattern in infants with myelomeningocele. Br J Urol. 1996 Oct; 78: 596-601

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Guez, S., Assael, B. M., Melzi, M. L., Tassis, B., Nicolini, U. Shortcomings in predicting postnatal renal function using prenatal urine biochemistry in fetuses with congenital hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Oct; 31: 1401-4

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Ulchaker, J., Ross, J., Alexander, F., Kay, R. The spectrum of ureteropelvic junction obstructions occurring in duplicated collecting systems. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Sep; 31: 1221-4

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Perdzynski, W., Kalicinski, Z. H. Long-term results after megaureter folding in children. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Sep; 31: 1211-7

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Bailey, R. R., Lynn, K. L., Robson, R. A., Smith, A. H., Maling, T. M., Turner, J. G. DMSA renal scans in adults with acute pyelonephritis. Clin Nephrol. 1996 Aug; 46: 99-104

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Stenzl, A., Hobisch, A., Bartsch, G. Interposition of an anti-reflux valve to a rectal bladder (Heitz-Boyer Hovelaque). Br J Urol. 1996 Aug; 78: 300-3

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Ross, J. H. Surgical considerations to preserve renal function in children with chronic renal failure. J Pediatr. 1996 Aug; 129: s27-32

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Misra, D., Mushtaq, I., Drake, D. P., Kiely, E. M., Spitz, L. Associated urologic anomalies in low imperforate anus are capable of causing significant morbidity: a 15-year experience. Urology. 1996 Aug; 48: 281-3

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Yen, T. C., Chen, W. P., Chang, S. L., Liu, R. S., Yeh, S. H., Lin, C. Y. Technetium-99m-DMSA renal SPECT in diagnosing and monitoring pediatric acute pyelonephritis. J Nucl Med. 1996 Aug; 37: 1349-53

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Gacinovic, S., Buscombe, J., Costa, D. C., Hilson, A., Bomanji, J., Ell, P. J. Inter-observer agreement in the reporting of 99Tcm-DMSA renal studies. Nucl Med Commun. 1996 Jul; 17: 596-602

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Morin, L., Cendron, M., Crombleholme, T. M., Garmel, S. H., Klauber, G. T., D'Alton, M. E. Minimal hydronephrosis in the fetus: clinical significance and implications for management. J Urol. 1996 Jun; 155: 2047-9

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Dawson, C., Whitfield, H. ABC of urology. Common paediatric problems. BMJ. 1996 May 18; 312: 1291-4

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Podevin, G., Mandelbrot, L., Vuillard, E., Oury, J. F., Aigrain, Y. Outcome of urological abnormalities prenatally diagnosed by ultrasound. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1996 May-Jun; 11: 181-90

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Huber, R., Hartmann, M., Bliesath, H., Luhmann, R., Steinijans, V. W., Zech, K. Pharmacokinetics of pantoprazole in man. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1996 May; 34: 185-94

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Asante-Korang, A., Boyle, G. J., Webber, S. A., Miller, S. A., Fricker, F. J. Experience of FK506 immune suppression in pediatric heart transplantation: a study of long-term adverse effects. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1996 Apr; 15: 415-22

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Korth, K., Kuenkel, M., Karsch, J. Percutaneous endopyelotomy and results: Korth technique. J Endourol. 1996 Apr; 10: 121-6

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Friedman, A. L. Etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of chronic renal failure in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1996 Apr; 8: 148-51

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Jelakovic, B., Benkovic, J., Cikes, N., Kuzmanic, D., Roncevic, T., Krznaric, Z. Antibodies to Tamm-Horsfall protein subunits prepared in vitro, in patients with acute pyelonephritis. Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem. 1996 Apr; 34: 315-7

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Kupferman, J. C., Stewart, C. L., Kaskel, F. J., Fine, R. N. Posterior urethral valves in patients with Down syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Apr; 10: 143-6

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Martinell, J., Lidin-Janson, G., Jagenburg, R., Sivertsson, R., Claesson, I., Jodal, U. Girls prone to urinary infections followed into adulthood. Indices of renal disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Apr; 10: 139-42

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Stafford Johnson, D. B., Keeling, F., McGrath, F., Hickey, D. Radiologic evaluation of simultaneous pancreaskidney transplantation. Ir J Med Sci. 1996 Apr-Jun; 165: 105-8

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Corrales, J. G., Elder, J. S. Segmental multicystic kidney and ipsilateral duplication anomalies. J Urol. 1996 Apr; 155: 1398-401

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Tsai, T. C., Huang, F. Y., Yang, C. T., Shih, B. F. Dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scan in children with urinary tract infection. Zhonghua Min Guo Xiao Er Ke Yi Xue Hui Za Zhi. 1996 Mar-Apr; 37: 111-4

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Gulati, S., Kher, V., Arora, P., Gupta, S., Kale, S. Urinary tract infection in nephrotic syndrome. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Mar; 15: 237-40

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Stocks, A., Richards, D., Frentzen, B., Richard, G. Correlation of prenatal renal pelvic anteroposterior diameter with outcome in infancy. J Urol. 1996 Mar; 155: 1050-2

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Mitchell, M. E., Close, C. E. Early primary valve ablation for posterior urethral valves. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1996 Feb; 5: 66-71

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Colodny, A. H. Laparoscopy in pediatric urology: too much of a good thing?. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1996 Feb; 5: 23-9

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Jayanthi, R. Should a cystogram be carried out on every baby diagnosed as having a dilated renal pelvis, either unilateral or bilateral, before or after birth?. Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Feb; 10: 13

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Chandar, J., Abitbol, C., Zilleruelo, G., Gosalbez, R., Montane, B., Strauss, J. Renal tubular abnormalities in infants with hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155: 660-3

15000

Manouvrier-Hanu, S., Devisme, L., Farre, I., Hue, V., Storme, L., Kacet, N., Boute-Benejean, O., Farriaux, J. P. Pulmonary hypertension of the newborn and urogenital anomalies in two male siblings: a new family with misalignment of pulmonary vessels. Genet Couns. 1996; 7: 249-55

15010

Kinn, A. C. Progress in urodynamic research on the upper urinary tract: implications for practical urology. Urol Res. 1996; 24: 1-7

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Fukuda, Y., Watanabe, H., Tomita, T., Katayama, H., Miyano, T., Yabuta, K. Evaluation of glomerular function in individual kidneys using dynamic magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 1996; 26: 324-8

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Kawauchi, A., Kitamori, T., Imada, N., Tanaka, Y., Watanabe, H. Urological abnormalities in 1,328 patients with nocturnal enuresis. Eur Urol. 1996; 29: 231-4

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Ravelli, A. M. Gastrointestinal function in chronic renal failure. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Dec; 9: 756-62

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Lichodziejewska-Niemierko, M., Topley, N., Smith, C., Verrier-Jones, K., Williams, J. D. P1 blood group phenotype, secretor status in patients with urinary tract infections. Clin Nephrol. 1995 Dec; 44: 376-9

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Pinkas, L., Nakache, R., Lubin, E. Visualization of reflux from bladder to the duodenal portion of a pancreaticduodenal allograft. Clin Nucl Med. 1995 Dec; 20: 1100-1

15090

Goonasekera, C. D., Dillon, M. J. Random zero sphygmomanometer versus automatic oscillometric blood pressure monitor; is either the instrument of choice?. J Hum Hypertens. 1995 Nov; 9: 885-9

15100

Caesar, R. E., Packer, M. G., Kaplan, G. W., Dudell, G. G., Guerrant, A. L., Griswold, W. R., Lemire, J. M., Mendoza, S. A., Reznik, V. M. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the neonate with congenital renal disease and pulmonary hypoplasia. J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Nov; 30: 1560-3

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Seigle, R., Nash, M. Is there a role for renal scintigraphy in the routine initial evaluation of a child with a urinary infection?. Pediatr Radiol. 1995 Nov; 25 Suppl 1: S52-3

15120

Connor, J. P. DMSA scanning: a pediatric urologist's point of view. Pediatr Radiol. 1995 Nov; 25 Suppl 1: S50-1

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Slovis, T. L. Is there a single most appropriate imaging workup of a child with an acute febrile urinary tract infection?. Pediatr Radiol. 1995 Nov; 25 Suppl 1: S46-9

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Kristjansson, A., Bajc, M., Wallin, L., Willner, J., Mansson, W. Renal function up to 16 years after conduit (refluxing or anti-reflux anastomosis) or continent urinary diversion. 2. Renal scarring and location of bacteriuria. Br J Urol. 1995 Nov; 76: 546-50

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Ritchey, M. L., Bloom, D. Report of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Urology meeting. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Oct; 9: 642-6

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Sirin, A., Emre, S., Alpay, H., Nayir, A., Bilge, I., Tanman, F. Etiology of chronic renal failure in Turkish children. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Oct; 9: 549-52

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Adra, A. M., Mejides, A. A., Dennaoui, M. S., Beydoun, S. N. Fetal pyelectasis: is it always 'physiologic'?. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Oct; 173: 1263-6

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Ottolini, M. C., Shaer, C. M., Rushton, H. G., Majd, M., Gonzales, E. C., Patel, K. M. Relationship of asymptomatic bacteriuria and renal scarring in children with neuropathic bladders who are practicing clean intermittent catheterization. J Pediatr. 1995 Sep; 127: 368-72

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Boam, W. D., Miser, W. F. Acute focal bacterial pyelonephritis. Am Fam Physician. 1995 Sep 1; 52: 919-24

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Yu, C. L., Tsai, C. Y. The physiologic and pathologic roles of Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein in urinary system. Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi. 1995 Sep; 11: 481-95

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Gough, D. C., Postlethwaite, R. J., Lewis, M. A., Bruce, J. Multicystic renal dysplasia diagnosed in the antenatal period: a note of caution. Br J Urol. 1995 Aug; 76: 244-8

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Husmann, D. A., Ewalt, D. H., Glenski, W. J., Bernier, P. A. Ureterocele associated with ureteral duplication and a nonfunctioning upper pole segment: management by partial nephroureterectomy alone. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 723-6

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Kaefer, M., Keating, M. A., Adams, M. C., Rink, R. C. Posterior urethral valves, pressure pop-offs and bladder function. J Urol. 1995 Aug; 154: 708-11

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Tapia, J., Gonzalez, R. Pyeloplasty improves renal function and somatic growth in children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. J Urol. 1995 Jul; 154: 218-22

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Churchill, B. M., Jayanthi, V. R., Landau, E. H., McLorie, G. A., Khoury, A. E. Ureterocystoplasty: importance of the proximal blood supply. J Urol. 1995 Jul; 154: 197-8

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Ritchey, M. L., Bloom, D. Summary of the urology section. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 1995 Jul; 96: 138-43

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Gerigk, M., Glanzmann, R., Rascher, W., Gnehm, H. E. Hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia in acute pyelonephritis without urinary tract anomalies. Eur J Pediatr. 1995 Jul; 154: 582-4

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King, L. R. Fetal hydronephrosis. Mayo Clin Proc. 1995 Jun; 70: 601-2

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Gloor, J. M., Ogburn, P. L., Jr., Breckle, R. J., Morgenstern, B. Z., Milliner, D. S. Urinary tract anomalies detected by prenatal ultrasound examination at Mayo Clinic Rochester. Mayo Clin Proc. 1995 Jun; 70: 526-31

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Rosenfeld, D. L., Fleischer, M., Yudd, A., Makowsky, T. Current recommendations for children with urinary tract infections. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1995 May; 34: 261-4

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Parra, R. O., Perez, M. G., Boullier, J. A., Cummings, J. M. Comparison between standard flank versus laparoscopic nephrectomy for benign renal disease. J Urol. 1995 Apr; 153: 1171-3; discussion 1173-4

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Saxton, H. M. Computed tomography or intravenous urography for renal damage in childhood urinary infection?. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Apr; 9: 256-7

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Goldraich, N. P., Goldraich, I. H. Update on dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scanning in children with urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Apr; 9: 221-6; discussion 227

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Smellie, J. M. The intravenous urogram in the detection and evaluation of renal damage following urinary tract infection. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Apr; 9: 213-9; discussion 219-20

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Akaoka, K., White, R. H., Raafat, F. Glomerular morphometry in childhood reflux nephropathy, emphasizing the capillary changes. Kidney Int. 1995 Apr; 47: 1108-14

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Fernbach, S. K., Zawin, J. K., Lebowitz, R. L. Complete duplication of the ureter with ureteropelvic junction obstruction of the lower pole of the kidney: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Mar; 164: 701-4

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Stewart, J. H., Hodson, E. M. Age-related differences in susceptibility of males and females to end-stage reflux nephropathy. Clin Nephrol. 1995 Mar; 43: 165-8

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Reynolds, E., Hoberman, A. Diagnosis and management of pyelonephritis in infants. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 1995 Mar-Apr; 20: 78-84

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Carr, M. C., Benacerraf, B. R., Estroff, J. A., Mandell, J. Prenatally diagnosed bilateral hyperechoic kidneys with normal amniotic fluid: postnatal outcome. J Urol. 1995 Feb; 153: 442-4

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Pompino, H. J., Bodecker, R. H., Trammer, U. A. Urethral valves during the first year of life--a retrospective, multicenter study. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Feb; 5: 3-8

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Varlam, D. E., Dippell, J. Non-neurogenic bladder and chronic renal insufficiency in childhood. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Feb; 9: 1-5

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Ansari, B. M., Jewkes, F., Davies, S. G. Urinary tract infection in children. Part I: Epidemiology, natural history, diagnosis and management. J Infect. 1995 Jan; 30: 3-6

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Melzi, M. L., Guez, S., Sersale, G., Terzi, F., Secco, E., Marra, G., Tirelli, A. S., Assael, B. M. Acute pyelonephritis as a cause of hyponatremia/hyperkalemia in young infants with urinary tract malformations. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 Jan; 14: 56-9

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Patel, N. Y., Landercasper, J. Ketorolac-induced postoperative acute renal failure: a case report. Wis Med J. 1995; 94: 445-7

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Kaneko, K., Suzuki, Y., Fukuda, Y., Yabuta, K., Miyano, T. Abnormal contralateral kidney in unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney disease. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25: 275-7

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Reiter, L., Brown, M. A., Whitworth, J. A. Hypertension in pregnancy: the incidence of underlying renal disease and essential hypertension. Am J Kidney Dis. 1994 Dec; 24: 883-7

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Ono, Y., Katoh, N., Kinukawa, T., Sahashi, M., Ohshima, S. Laparoscopic nephrectomy, radical nephrectomy and adrenalectomy: Nagoya experience. J Urol. 1994 Dec; 152: 1962-6

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Blaicher, W., Hausler, M., Gembruch, U., Bollmann, R., Terinde, R., Rempen, A., Deutinger, J., Bernaschek, G. Feto-amniotic shunting -- experience of six centres. Ultraschall Med. 2005 Apr; 26: 134-41

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Wollenberg, A., Neuhaus, T. J., Willi, U. V., Wisser, J. Outcome of fetal renal pelvic dilatation diagnosed during the third trimester. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 25: 483-8

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Eskild-Jensen, A., Gordon, I., Piepsz, A., Frokiaer, J. Congenital unilateral hydronephrosis: a review of the impact of diuretic renography on clinical treatment. J Urol. 2005 May; 173: 1471-6

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Robyr, R., Benachi, A., Daikha-Dahmane, F., Martinovich, J., Dumez, Y., Ville, Y. Correlation between ultrasound and anatomical findings in fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction in the first half of pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 25: 478-82

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Rabelo, E. A., Oliveira, E. A., Silva, G. S., Pezzuti, I. L., Tatsuo, E. S. Predictive factors of ultrasonographic involution of prenatally detected multicystic dysplastic kidney. BJU Int. 2005 Apr; 95: 868-71

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Shukla, A. R., Cooper, J., Patel, R. P., Carr, M. C., Canning, D. A., Zderic, S. A., Snyder, H. M., 3rd Prenatally detected primary megaureter: a role for extended followup. J Urol. 2005 Apr; 173: 1353-6

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Signorelli, M., Cerri, V., Taddei, F., Groli, C., Bianchi, U. A. Prenatal diagnosis and management of mild fetal pyelectasis: implications for neonatal outcome and follow-up. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005 Feb 1; 118: 154-9

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Dewan, P., Rao, P., Kumar, S. Prenatally diagnosed unilateral renal pelvic dilatation: a dynamic condition of ultrasound and diuretic renography. BJU Int. 2005 Jan; 95: 190-1

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Afzali, B., Kingdon, E., Holt, S. G. Treatment of unilateral obstruction reversing heavy and bilateral proteinuria. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005 Jan; 20: 210-2

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Chandrasekharam, V. V., Shah, M. A. Outcome of patients with antenatally detected pelviureteric junction obstruction. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 Apr; 20: 547

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Taipale, P., Heinonen, K., Kainulainen, S., Seuri, R., Heinonen, S. Cloacal anomaly simulating megalocystis in the first trimester. J Clin Ultrasound. 2004 Oct; 32: 419-22

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Ozcan, Z., Anderson, P. J., Gordon, I. Prenatally diagnosed unilateral renal pelvic dilatation: a dynamic condition on ultrasound and diuretic renography. J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172: 1456-9

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Nijagal, A., Sydorak, R. M., Feldstein, V. A., Hirose, S., Albanese, C. T. Spontaneous resolution of prenatal megalourethra. J Pediatr Surg. 2004 Sep; 39: 1421-3

15820

Strand, W. R. Initial management of complex pediatric disorders: prunebelly syndrome, posterior urethral valves. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug; 31: 399-415, vii

15830

Carr, M. C. Prenatal management of urogenital disorders. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug; 31: 389-97, vii

15840

Ismaili, K., Avni, F. E., Piepsz, A., Wissing, K. M., Cochat, P., Aubert, D., Hall, M. Current management of infants with fetal renal pelvis dilation: a survey by French-speaking pediatric nephrologists and urologists. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Sep; 19: 966-71

15850

Yaris, F., Kesim, M., Kadioglu, M., Kul, S. Gentamicin use in pregnancy. A renal anomaly. Saudi Med J. 2004 Jul; 25: 958-9

15860

Shukla, A. R., Kiddoo, D., Kolon, T. F., Canning, D. A. The neonatal vanishing kidney: congenital and vascular etiologies. J Urol. 2004 Jul; 172: 317-8

15870

Apocalypse, G. T., Oliveira, E. A., Rabelo, E. A., Diniz, J. S., Marino, V. S., Pereira, A. K., Simal, C. J., Gazolla, L. P., Fagundes, T. A. Outcome of apparent ureteropelvic junction obstruction identified by investigation of fetal hydronephrosis. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003; 35: 441-8

15880

Riccabona, M. Assessment and management of newborn hydronephrosis. World J Urol. 2004 Jun; 22: 73-8

15890

Ylinen, E., Ala-Houhala, M., Wikstrom, S. Outcome of patients with antenatally detected pelviureteric junction obstruction. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Aug; 19: 880-7

15900

Lunacek, A., Oswald, J., Schwentner, C., Gassner, I., Bartsch, G., Radmayr, C. Prenatal puncture of a unilateral hydronephrosis leading to fetal urinoma and postnatal nephrectomy. Urology. 2004 May; 63: 982-4

15910

Alconcher, L., Tombesi, M. Mild antenatal hydronephrosis: management controversies. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jul; 19: 819-20

15920

Toiviainen-Salo, S., Garel, L., Grignon, A., Dubois, J., Rypens, F., Boisvert, J., Perreault, G., Decarie, J. C., Filiatrault, D., Lapierre, C., Miron, M. C., Bechard, N. Fetal hydronephrosis: is there hope for consensus?. Pediatr Radiol. 2004 Jul; 34: 519-29

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Ashmead, G. G., Mercer, B., Herbst, M., Moodley, J., Bota, A., Elder, J. S. Fetal bladder outlet obstruction due to ureterocele: in utero 'colander' therapy. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Apr; 23: 565-8

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Odibo, A. O., Raab, E., Elovitz, M., Merrill, J. D., Macones, G. A. Prenatal mild pyelectasis: evaluating the thresholds of renal pelvic diameter associated with normal postnatal renal function. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Apr; 23: 513-7

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Singh, V., Patel, R., Pradhan, P. Single umbilical artery and associated hydronephrosis: a report of 2 cases. J Reprod Med. 2004 Feb; 49: 136-8

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Shimada, K., Kakizaki, H., Kubota, M., Taki, M., Takeuchi, H., Hiramatsu, Y., Hosokawa, S., Hosoda, Y., Nakai, H., Yamaguchi, T. Standard method for diagnosing dilatation of the renal pelvis and ureter discovered in the fetus, neonate or infant. Int J Urol. 2004 Mar; 11: 129-32

15970

Gordon, I., Riccabona, M. Investigating the newborn kidney: update on imaging techniques. Semin Neonatol. 2003 Aug; 8: 269-78

15980

Kuyvenhoven, J. D., Ham, H. R., Piepsz, A. Re: Impaired drainage on diuretic renography using half-time or pelvic excretion efficiency is not a sign of obstruction in children with a prenatal diagnosis of unilateral renal pelvic dilatation. J Urol. 2004 Feb; 171: 806

16040

Eskild-Jensen, A., Munch Jorgensen, T., Olsen, L. H., Djurhuus, J. C., Frokiaer, J. Renal function may not be restored when using decreasing differential function as the criterion for surgery in unilateral hydronephrosis. BJU Int. 2003 Nov; 92: 779-82

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Neas, K. R., Chia, N., Clarke, M., Peters, G., Ades, L. C. A case of partial trisomy 4p syndrome presenting as severe hydronephrosis in utero. Clin Dysmorphol. 2003 Jul; 12: 179-81

16070

Josephson, S. Re: editorial: the long-term followup of prenatally detected severe bilateral newborn hydronephrosis initially managed nonoperatively. J Urol. 2003 Oct; 170: 1325

16080

Lebowitz, R. L. Paediatric urology and uroradiology: changes in the last 25 years. BJU Int. 2003 Oct; 92 Suppl 1: 7-9

16090

Wilson, R. D., Johnson, M. P. Prenatal ultrasound guided percutaneous shunts for obstructive uropathy and thoracic disease. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2003 Aug; 12: 182-9

16100

Sepulveda, W., Campana, C., Carstens, E., Rodriguez, J. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of bilateral ureteroceles: the pseudoseptated fetal bladder. J Ultrasound Med. 2003 Aug; 22: 841-4; quiz 845-6

16110

Herndon, C. D., Cain, M. P. Antenatal hydroureteronephrosis presenting as an apparent solid renal mass. Urology. 2003 Jul; 62: 144

16120

Sozubir, S., Lorenzo, A. J., Twickler, D. M., Baker, L. A., Ewalt, D. H. Prenatal diagnosis of a prolapsed ureterocele with magnetic resonance imaging. Urology. 2003 Jul; 62: 144

16130

Lorenzo, A. J., Twickler, D. M., Baker, L. A. Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome with bilateral duplicated systems. Urology. 2003 Jul; 62: 144

16140

Rigas, A., Karamanolakis, D., Bogdanos, I., Stefanidis, A., Androulakakis, P. A. Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction by crossing renal vessels: clinical and imaging features. BJU Int. 2003 Jul; 92: 101-3

16170

Thorup, J., Jokela, R., Cortes, D., Nielsen, O. H. The results of 15 years of consistent strategy in treating antenatally suspected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction. BJU Int. 2003 Jun; 91: 850-2

16180

Lama, G., Ferraraccio, F., Iaccarino, F., Luongo, I., Marte, A., Rambaldi, P. F., Esposito-Salsano, M. Pelviureteral junction obstruction: correlation of renal cell apoptosis and differential renal function. J Urol. 2003 Jun; 169: 2335-8

16190

Calisti, A., Perrotta, M. L., Oriolo, L., Patti, G., Marrocco, G., Miele, V. Functional outcome after pyeloplasty in children: impact of the cause of obstruction and of the mode of presentation. Eur Urol. 2003 Jun; 43: 706-10

16200

Eckoldt, F., Woderich, R., Gellermann, J., Hammer, H., Tennstedt, C., Heling, K. S. Survival in second trimester oligohydramnios secondary to bilateral pelviureteral junction obstruction. Urology. 2003 May; 61: 1036

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Vanlieferinghen, P., Gallot, D., Francannet, C. h., Meyer, F., Dechelotte, P. Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of a recurrent case of Johanson-Blizzard syndrome. Genet Couns. 2003; 14: 105-7

16220

Maresca, G., Maggi, F., Valentini, V. Ureteropelvic junction disease: diagnostic imaging. Rays. 2002 Apr-Jun; 27: 79-82

16240

Amarante, J., Anderson, P. J., Gordon, I. Impaired drainage on diuretic renography using half-time or pelvic excretion efficiency is not a sign of obstruction in children with a prenatal diagnosis of unilateral renal pelvic dilatation. J Urol. 2003 May; 169: 1828-31

16250

Docimo, S. G. Re: Optimal timing of initial postnatal ultrasonography in newborns with prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2003 Apr; 169: 1474; author reply 1474

16270

Ismaili, K., Hall, M., Donner, C., Thomas, D., Vermeylen, D., Avni, F. E. Results of systematic screening for minor degrees of fetal renal pelvis dilatation in an unselected population. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan; 188: 242-6

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Fainaru, O., Almog, B., Gamzu, R., Lessing, J. B., Kupferminc, M. The management of symptomatic hydronephrosis in pregnancy. BJOG. 2002 Dec; 109: 1385-7

16310

Miller, M., Korzets, Z., Blumenfeld, Y., Pomeranz, M., Aviram, R., Rathaus, V., Pomeranz, A. Fetal urinoma as a sign of a dysplastic kidney. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Jan; 18: 65-7

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Hellawell, G. O., Cowan, N. C., Holt, S. J., Mutch, S. J. A radiation perspective for treating loin pain in pregnancy by double-pigtail stents. BJU Int. 2002 Dec; 90: 801-8

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Andrews, K. A., Desai, D., Dhillon, H. K., Wilcox, D. T., Fitzgerald, M. Abdominal sensitivity in the first year of life: comparison of infants with and without prenatally diagnosed unilateral hydronephrosis. Pain. 2002 Nov; 100: 3546

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McLellan, D. L., Retik, A. B., Bauer, S. B., Diamond, D. A., Atala, A., Mandell, J., Lebowitz, R. L., Borer, J. G., Peters, C. A. Rate and predictors of spontaneous resolution of prenatally diagnosed primary nonrefluxing megaureter. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2177-80; discussion 2180

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Bajpai, M., Puri, A., Tripathi, M., Maini, A. Prognostic significance of captopril renography for managing congenital unilateral hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2158-61; discussion 2161

16360

Ozcan, Z., Anderson, P. J., Gordon, I. Assessment of regional kidney function may provide new clinical understanding and assist in treatment of children with prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168: 2153-7

16370

Dodson, J. L., Ferrer, F. A., Hanna, G., Blakemore, K. J., Docimo, S. G. Poor predictability of prenatal ultrasonography for a nonfunctional kidney. Urology. 2002 Oct; 60: 697

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Bloom, T. L., Kolon, T. F. Severe megacystis and bilateral hydronephrosis in a female fetus. Urology. 2002 Oct; 60: 697

16390

Chen, C. P., Lin, S. P., Chang, T. Y., Chiu, N. C., Shih, S. L., Lin, C. J., Wang, W., Hsu, H. C. Perinatal imaging findings of inherited Sotos syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 2002 Oct; 22: 887-92

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Hill, L. M., Macpherson, T., Romano, L., Gahagan, S. Prenatal sonographic findings of fetal megacalycosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2002 Oct; 21: 1179-81

16410

Herndon, C. D., Casale, A. J. Early second trimester intervention in a surviving infant with postnatally diagnosed urethral atresia. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1532-3

16430

Wiener, J. S., O'Hara, S. M. Optimal timing of initial postnatal ultrasonography in newborns with prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Oct; 168: 1826-9; discussion 1829

16450

Josephson, S. Antenatally detected, unilateral dilatation of the renal pelvis: a critical review. 2. postnatal nonoperative treatment--long-term hazards, urgent research. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2002; 36: 251-9

16460

Josephson, S. Antenatally detected, unilateral dilatation of the renal pelvis: a critical review. 1. Postnatal nonoperative treatment 20 years on--is it safe?. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2002; 36: 243-50

16470

Low, S. C., Jacobsen, A. S., Teo, E. L. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (73). Left hydronephrosis due to pelviureteric junction obstruction. Singapore Med J. 2002 May; 43: 265-9

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Miller, O. F., Lashley, D. B., McAleer, I. M., Kaplan, G. W. Diagnosis of urethral obstruction with prenatal magnetic resonance imaging. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168: 1158-9

16490

Gitlin, J., Kaefer, M. Congenital mid ureteral stricture presenting as prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168: 1154-5

16500

Peters, C. A. Editorial: The long-term followup of prenatally detected severe bilateral newborn hydronephrosis initially managed nonoperatively. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168: 1121-2

16510

Onen, A., Jayanthi, V. R., Koff, S. A. Long-term followup of prenatally detected severe bilateral newborn hydronephrosis initially managed nonoperatively. J Urol. 2002 Sep; 168: 1118-20

16550

Weiser, A. C., Amukele, S. A., Palmer, L. S. Metachronous presentation of ureterovesical junction obstruction contralateral to a multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 2002 Jun; 167: 2538-9

16560

Hansen, W. F., Cooper, C. S., Yankowitz, J. Ureterocele causing anhydramnios successfully treated with percutaneous decompression. Obstet Gynecol. 2002 May; 99: 953-6

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Stehr, M., Metzger, R., Schuster, T., Porn, U., Dietz, H. G. Management of the primary obstructed megaureter (POM) and indication for operative treatment. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Feb; 12: 32-7

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Widschwendter, A., Riha, K., Duba, H. C., Kreczy, A., Marth, C., Schwarzler, P. Prenatal diagnosis of de novo mosaic deletion 13q associated with multiple abnormalities. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Apr; 19: 396-9

16590

Gungor, F., Anderson, P., Gordon, I. Effect of the size of regions of interest on the estimation of differential renal function in children with congenital hydronephrosis. Nucl Med Commun. 2002 Feb; 23: 147-51

16630

Woodward, M., Frank, D. Postnatal management of antenatal hydronephrosis. BJU Int. 2002 Jan; 89: 149-56

16640

Warne, S., Chitty, L. S., Wilcox, D. T. Prenatal diagnosis of cloacal anomalies. BJU Int. 2002 Jan; 89: 78-81

16650

Liang, C. C., Cheng, P. J., Lin, C. J., Chen, H. W., Chao, A. S., Chang, S. D. Outcome of prenatally diagnosed fetal hydronephrosis. J Reprod Med. 2002 Jan; 47: 27-32

16660

Dewan, P. A., Moon, D., Anderson, K. Presence of the eggshell sign in obstructive uropathy. Urology. 2002 Feb; 59: 287-9

16670

Chowdhary, S. K., Walter, S., Chaudhuri, R. K., Bhagat, A., Joseph, S. C. Antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis: outcome with a conservative approach. Indian Pediatr. 2001 Dec; 38: 1401-4

16680

Jouannic, J. M., Dommergues, M., Auber, F., Bessis, R., Nihoul-Fekete, C., Dumez, Y. Successful intrauterine shunting of a sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) causing fetal bladder obstruction. Prenat Diagn. 2001 Oct; 21: 8246

16690

Koff, S. A., Mutabagani, K. H., Jayanthi, V. R. The valve bladder syndrome: pathophysiology and treatment with nocturnal bladder emptying. J Urol. 2002 Jan; 167: 291-7

16710

MacKenzie, R. K., Mahomed, A. A. Symptomatic ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children. Urology. 2001 Oct; 58: 638

16720

Feldman, D. M., DeCambre, M., Kong, E., Borgida, A., Jamil, M., McKenna, P., Egan, J. F. Evaluation and followup of fetal hydronephrosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2001 Oct; 20: 1065-9

16730

Frazier, J. P., Parks, D. K., Yetman, R. J. Congenital hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Health Care. 2001 Sep-Oct; 15: 260-2

16740

McLorie, G., Farhat, W., Khoury, A., Geary, D., Ryan, G. Outcome analysis of vesicoamniotic shunting in a comprehensive population. J Urol. 2001 Sep; 166: 1036-40

16760

Siddiq, F. M., Caldamone, A. A. Fetal obstructive uropathy: diagnosis and management. Med Health R I. 2001 May; 84: 155-8

16770

Moslehi, J., Herndon, C. D., McKenna, P. H. Posterior urethral valves presented at birth despite normal prenatal ultrasound scans. Urology. 2001 Jun; 57: 1178

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Gatti, J. M., Broecker, B. H., Scherz, H. C., Perez-Brayfield, M. R., Kirsch, A. J. Antenatal hydronephrosis with postnatal resolution: how long are postnatal studies warranted?. Urology. 2001 Jun; 57: 1178

16790

Sibai, H., Salle, J. L., Houle, A. M., Lambert, R. Hydronephrosis with diffuse or segmental cortical thinning: impact on renal function. J Urol. 2001 Jun; 165: 2293-5

16800

Pelizzo, G., Lembo, M. A., Civitelli, S., La Riccia, A., Franchella, A. Prenatal management of inherited urogenital malformation: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2001; 28: 31-2

16810

Ogunyemi, D. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction caused by a ureterocele associated with hydrocolpos and imperforate hymen. Am J Perinatol. 2001; 18: 15-21

16820

Roth, J. A., Diamond, D. A. Prenatal hydronephrosis. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2001 Apr; 13: 138-41

16830

Sairam, S., Al-Habib, A., Sasson, S., Thilaganathan, B. Natural history of fetal hydronephrosis diagnosed on midtrimester ultrasound. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Mar; 17: 191-6

16840

Gordon, I. Diuretic renography in infants with prenatal unilateral hydronephrosis: an explanation for the controversy about poor drainage. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87: 551-5

16850

Canning, D. A. Antenatal minimal hydronephrosis: is its follow-up an unnecessary cause of concern?. J Urol. 2001 Jan; 165: 326

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Perrotin, F., Ayeva-Derman, M., Lardy, H., Cloarec, S., Lansac, J., Body, G. Prenatal diagnosis and postnatal outcome of congenital megalourethra. Report of two cases. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2001 Mar-Apr; 16: 123-8

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Alladi, A., Agarwala, S., Gupta, A. K., Bal, C. S., Mitra, D. K., Bhatnagar, V. Postnatal outcome and natural history of antenatally-detected hydronephrosis. Pediatr Surg Int. 2000; 16: 569-72

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Goto, M., Makino, Y., Tamura, R., Ikeda, S., Kawarabayashi, T. Sacrococcygeal teratoma with hydrops fetalis and bilateral hydronephrosis. J Perinat Med. 2000; 28: 414-8

16920

Asano, Y., Minagawa, K., Okuda, A., Matsui, T., Ando, K., Kondo-Iida, E., Kobayashi, O., Toda, T., Nonaka, I., Tanizawa, T. A case of Walker-Warburg syndrome. Brain Dev. 2000 Oct; 22: 454-7

16930

Aviram, R., Pomeranz, A., Sharony, R., Beyth, Y., Rathaus, V., Tepper, R. The increase of renal pelvis dilatation in the fetus and its significance. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Jul; 16: 60-2

16940

Oliveira, E. A., Diniz, J. S., Rabelo, E. A., Silva, J. M., Pereira, A. K., Filgueiras, M. T., Soares, F. M., Sansoni, R. F. Primary megaureter detected by prenatal ultrasonography: conservative management and prolonged followup. Int Urol Nephrol. 2000; 32: 13-8

16950

Dewan, P. A., Anderson, K. The egg-shell sign: a possible indicator of raised intrarenal pressure. Pediatr Surg Int. 2000; 16: 527-8

16970

Peshev, Z. V., Krusteva, M. B., Danev, V. H. A case of prune belly syndrome. Folia Med (Plovdiv). 2000; 42: 66-8

16980

Ulman, I., Jayanthi, V. R., Koff, S. A. The long-term followup of newborns with severe unilateral hydronephrosis initially treated nonoperatively. J Urol. 2000 Sep; 164: 1101-5

16990

Farmer, D. L. Urinary tract masses. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2000 Aug; 9: 109-14

17000

Cormier-Daire, V., Chauvet, M. L., Lyonnet, S., Briard, M. L., Munnich, A., Le Merrer, M. Genitopatellar syndrome: a new condition comprising absent patellae, scrotal hypoplasia, renal anomalies, facial dysmorphism, and mental retardation. J Med Genet. 2000 Jul; 37: 520-4

17020

Shokeir, A. A., Nijman, R. J. Antenatal hydronephrosis: changing concepts in diagnosis and subsequent management. BJU Int. 2000 May; 85: 987-94

17030

Josephson, S. Antenatally detected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction: concerns about conservative management. BJU Int. 2000 May; 85: 973

17040

Hanna, M. K. Antenatal hydronephrosis and ureteropelvic junction obstruction: the case for early intervention. Urology. 2000 May; 55: 612-5

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Koff, S. A. Postnatal management of antenatal hydronephrosis using an observational approach. Urology. 2000 May; 55: 609-11

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Dodson, J. L., Ferrer, F. A., Jackman, S. V., Blakemore, K. J., Docimo, S. G. Cloacal outlet obstruction with an ectopic ureter. Urology. 2000 May 1; 55: 775

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Lashley, D. B., Masliah, E., Kaplan, G. W., McAleer, I. M. Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: bladder distension and pyelectasis in the fetus without anatomic outflow obstruction. Urology. 2000 May 1; 55: 774

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Oliveira, E. A., Diniz, J. S., Cabral, A. C., Pereira, A. K., Leite, H. V., Colosimo, E. A., Vilasboas, A. S. Predictive factors of fetal urethral obstruction: a multivariate analysis. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2000 May-Jun; 15: 180-6

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Radhakrishnan, J., Lievano, G. Postnatal management of hydronephrosis diagnosed in utero. Indian J Pediatr. 1997 May-Jun; 64: 303-12

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Oliveira, E. A., Diniz, J. S., Cabral, A. C., Leite, H. V., Colosimo, E. A., Oliveira, R. B., Vilasboas, A. S. Prognostic factors in fetal hydronephrosis: a multivariate analysis. Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 Nov; 13: 859-64

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Misra, D., Kempley, S. T., Hird, M. F. Are patients with antenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis being overinvestigated and overtreated?. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Oct; 9: 303-6

17120

Zhou, Q., Cardoza, J. D., Barth, R. Prenatal sonography of congenital renal malformations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Nov; 173: 1371-6

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Rittinger, O., Weiss-Wichert, P., Hasenohrl, G. Bilateral hydronephrosis due to megacalicosis as a prenatal sonographic finding in a female with Schinzel-Giedion syndrome. Clin Dysmorphol. 1999 Oct; 8: 291-3

17150

Sepulveda, W., Dezerega, V., Horvath, E., Aracena, M. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of Aarskog syndrome. J Ultrasound Med. 1999 Oct; 18: 707-10

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Subramaniam, R., Kouriefs, C., Dickson, A. P. Antenatally detected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction: concerns about conservative management. BJU Int. 1999 Aug; 84: 335-8

17180

Baskin, L. S. Case No. 4. Newborn with prenatal hydronephrosis: what further studies are necessary?. Tech Urol. 1999 Jun; 5: 121, 122

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Capolicchio, G., Leonard, M. P., Wong, C., Jednak, R., Brzezinski, A., Salle, J. L. Prenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis: impact on renal function and its recovery after pyeloplasty. J Urol. 1999 Sep; 162: 1029-32

17250

Harding, L. J., Malone, P. S., Wellesley, D. G. Antenatal minimal hydronephrosis: is its follow-up an unnecessary cause of concern?. Prenat Diagn. 1999 Aug; 19: 701-5

17270

Ikhena, S. E., de Chazal, R. C., Konje, J. C. Gastroschisis associated with bladder evisceration complicated by hydronephrosis presenting antenatally. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1999 May; 13: 370-2

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Fradin, J. M., Regan, F., Rodriquez, R., Moore, R. Hydronephrosis in pregnancy: simultaneous depiction of fetal and maternal hydronephrosis by magnetic resonance urography. Urology. 1999 Apr; 53: 825-7

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Siemens, D. R., Prouse, K. A., MacNeily, A. E., Sauerbrei, E. E. Antenatal hydronephrosis: thresholds of renal pelvic diameter to predict insignificant postnatal pelviectasis. Tech Urol. 1998 Dec; 4: 198-201

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Day-Salvatore, D., McLean, D. Blepharophimosis, hypoplastic radius, hypoplastic left heart, telecanthus, hydronephrosis, fused metacarpals, and 'prehensile' halluces: a new syndrome?. Am J Med Genet. 1998 Dec 4; 80: 309-13

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Chitty, L. S., Clark, T., Maxwell, D. Perlman syndrome--a cause of enlarged, hyperechogenic kidneys. Prenat Diagn. 1998 Nov; 18: 1163-8

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Austin, P. F., Cain, M. P., Casale, A. J., Hiett, A. K., Rink, R. C. Prenatal bladder outlet obstruction secondary to ureterocele. Urology. 1998 Dec; 52: 1132-5

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Takla, N. V., Hamilton, B. D., Cartwright, P. C., Snow, B. W. Apparent unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the newborn: expectations for resolution. J Urol. 1998 Dec; 160: 2175-8

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Garcia, A. M., Morgan, W. M., III, Bruner, J. P. In utero decompression of a cystic grade IV sacrococcygeal teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1998 Sep-Oct; 13: 305-8

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Thompson, M. O., Thilaganathan, B. Effect of routine screening for Down's syndrome on the significance of isolated fetal hydronephrosis. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Aug; 105: 860-4

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Reddy, P. P., Mandell, J. Prenatal diagnosis. Therapeutic implications. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 May; 25: 171-80

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Dhillon, H. K. Prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis: the Great Ormond Street experience. Br J Urol. 1998 Apr; 81 Suppl 2: 39-44

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Chen, C. P., Wang, T. Y., Chuang, C. Y. Sonographic findings in a fetus with megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome. J Clin Ultrasound. 1998 May; 26: 217-20

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Chen, C. P., Shih, S. L., Chuang, C. Y., Sheu, J. C., Chen, B. F. In utero adrenal hemorrhage: clinical and imaging findings. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1998 Feb; 77: 239-41

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Cornford, P. A., Rickwood, A. M. Functional results of pyeloplasty in patients with ante-natally diagnosed pelviureteric junction obstruction. Br J Urol. 1998 Jan; 81: 152-5

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Yagel, S., Anteby, E. Y., Hochner-Celnikier, D., Ariel, I., Chaap, T., Ben Neriah, Z. The role of midtrimester targeted fetal organ screening combined with the 'triple test' and maternal age in the diagnosis of trisomy 21: a retrospective study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Jan; 178: 40-4

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Sutherland, R. W., Chung, S. K., Roth, D. R., Gonzales, E. T. Pediatric pyeloplasty: outcome analysis based on patient age and surgical technique. Urology. 1997 Dec; 50: 963-6

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Kaefer, M., Peters, C. A., Retik, A. B., Benacerraf, B. B. Increased renal echogenicity: a sonographic sign for differentiating between obstructive and nonobstructive etiologies of in utero bladder distension. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158: 1026-9

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Bobrowski, R. A., Levin, R. B., Lauria, M. R., Treadwell, M. C., Gonik, B., Bottoms, S. F. In utero progression of isolated renal pelvis dilation. Am J Perinatol. 1997 Aug; 14: 423-6

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Singh, B., Greenebaum, E., Monteagudo, A. Aspiration of fetal fluids. Acta Cytol. 1997 May-Jun; 41: 947-50

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Geifman-Holtzman, O., Crane, S. S., Winderl, L., Holmes, M. Persistent urogenital sinus: prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy complications. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Mar; 176: 709-11

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Chen, C. P., Liu, F. F., Jan, S. W., Wang, K. G., Lan, C. C. First report of distal obstructive uropathy and prunebelly syndrome in an infant with amniotic band syndrome. Am J Perinatol. 1997 Jan; 14: 31-3

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Lenz, K., Thorup, J. M., Rabol, A., Nielsen, O. H. Prenatal hydronephrosis caused by aberrant renal vessels: a follow-up challenge. Reports of two cases. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1996 Oct; 30: 419-21

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Noia, G., De Santis, M., Mastromarino, C., Trivellini, C., Romano, D., Caruso, A., Mancuso, S. Double shunt in a case of fetal low-level obstructive uropathy. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1996 Sep-Oct; 11: 313-7

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Lindsell, D. R., Pal, C. Early management and post-natal investigation of pre-natally diagnosed hydronephrosis. Clin Radiol. 1996 Sep; 51: 666-7

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Coplen, D. E., Hare, J. Y., Zderic, S. A., Canning, D. A., Snyder, H. M., 3rd, Duckett, J. W. 10-year experience with prenatal intervention for hydronephrosis. J Urol. 1996 Sep; 156: 1142-5

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Cost, G. A., Merguerian, P. A., Cheerasarn, S. P., Shortliffe, L. M. Sonographic renal parenchymal and pelvicaliceal areas: new quantitative parameters for renal sonographic followup. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156: 725-9

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Craig, J. C., Knight, J. F., Smith, G. H. Communication breakdown: a preventable cause of acute renal failure in a newborn infant. Med J Aust. 1996 Jun 3; 164: 663-4

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Chen, C. P., Liu, F. F., Jan, S. W., Chang, P. Y., Lin, Y. N., Lan, C. C. Ultrasound-guided fluid aspiration and prenatal diagnosis of duplicated hydrometrocolpos with uterus didelphys and septate vagina. Prenat Diagn. 1996 Jun; 16: 572-6

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Ouzounian, J. G., Castro, M. A., Fresquez, M., al-Sulyman, O. M., Kovacs, B. W. Prognostic significance of antenatally detected fetal pyelectasis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Jun; 7: 424-8

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Owen, R. J., Lamont, A. C., Brookes, J. Early management and postnatal investigation of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis. Clin Radiol. 1996 Mar; 51: 173-6

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Beseghi, U., Chiossi, C., Bonacini, G., Mellini, P., Tata, C., Bacchini, E., Mori, M., Ghinelli, C. Ultrasound screening of urinary malformations in 'normal' newborns. Eur Urol. 1996; 30: 108-11

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Snijders, R. J., Sebire, N. J., Faria, M., Patel, F., Nicolaides, K. H. Fetal mild hydronephrosis and chromosomal defects: relation to maternal age and gestation. Fetal Diagn Ther. 1995 Nov-Dec; 10: 349-55

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Barker, A. P., Cave, M. M., Thomas, D. F., Lilford, R. J., Irving, H. C., Arthur, R. J., Smith, S. E. Fetal pelviureteric junction obstruction: predictors of outcome. Br J Urol. 1995 Nov; 76: 649-52

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Stein, B., Bromley, B., Michlewitz, H., Miller, W. A., Benacerraf, B. R. Fetal liver calcifications: sonographic appearance and postnatal outcome. Radiology. 1995 Nov; 197: 489-92

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Petrikovsky, B. M., Cuomo, M. I., Schneider, E. P., Wyse, L. J., Cohen, H. L., Lesser, M. Isolated fetal hydronephrosis: beware the effect of bladder filling. Prenat Diagn. 1995 Sep; 15: 827-9

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Tripp, B. M., Homsy, Y. L. Neonatal hydronephrosis--the controversy and the management. Pediatr Nephrol. 1995 Aug; 9: 503-9

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Rickwood, A. M., Harney, J. V., Jones, M. O., Oak, S. 'Congenital' hydronephrosis: limitations of diagnosis by fetal ultrasonography. Br J Urol. 1995 Apr; 75: 529-30

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Clautice-Engle, T., Anderson, N. G., Allan, R. B., Abbott, G. D. Diagnosis of obstructive hydronephrosis in infants: comparison sonograms performed 6 days and 6 weeks after birth. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Apr; 164: 963-7

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Levine, D., Filly, R. A., Graber, M. The sonographic appearance of renal transplants during pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med. 1995 Apr; 14: 291-4; quiz 295-6

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Van Savage, J. G., Mesrobian, H. G. The impact of prenatal sonography on the morbidity and outcome of patients with renal duplication anomalies. J Urol. 1995 Mar; 153: 768-70

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Gloor, J. M. Management of prenatally detected fetal hydronephrosis. Mayo Clin Proc. 1995 Feb; 70: 145-52

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Catanzarite, V. A., Hendricks, S. K., Maida, C., Westbrook, C., Cousins, L., Schrimmer, D. Prenatal diagnosis of the two-vessel cord: implications for patient counselling and obstetric management. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Feb; 5: 98-105

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Owen, R. J., Lamont, A. C. The impact of fetal screening on indications for cystourethrography in infants. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25: 492

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Schlesinger, A. E., Shackelford, G. D., Colberg, J. W. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction in infants mimicking ureterovesical junction obstruction on sonography. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25: 476-7

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Maizels, M., Mitchell, B., Kass, E., Fernbach, S. K., Conway, J. J. Outcome of nonspecific hydronephrosis in the infant: a report from the Registry of the Society for Fetal Urology. J Urol. 1994 Dec; 152: 2324-7

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Diaz-Romero, R. M., Casanova-Roman, G., Beltran-Zuniga, M., Belmont-Padilla, J., Mendez, J. D., Avila-Rosas, H. Oral infections and glycemic control in pregnant type 2 diabetics. Arch Med Res. 2005 Jan-Feb; 36: 42-8

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Al-Khader, A. A., Al-Ghamdi,, Basri, N., Shaheen, F., Hejaili,, Flaiw,, Qureshi, J., Jumani, A. Pregnancies in renal transplant recipients--with a focus on the maternal issues. Ann Transplant. 2004; 9: 62-4

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Alvarez, J. A., Al-Khan, A., Ganesh, V., Apuzzio, J. J. Salmonella as a causative organism of acute pyelonephritis during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 May; 190: 1482-3

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Naccasha, N., Gervasi, M. T., Chaiworapongsa, T., Berman, S., Yoon, B. H., Maymon, E., Romero, R. Phenotypic and metabolic characteristics of monocytes and granulocytes in normal pregnancy and maternal infection. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Nov; 185: 1118-23

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Kuvacic, I., Sprem, M., Skrablin, S., Kalafatic, D., Bubic-Filipi, L., Milici, D. Pregnancy outcome in renal transplant recipients. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2000 Sep; 70: 313-7

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Reece, E. A., Sivan, E., Francis, G., Homko, C. J. Pregnancy outcomes among women with and without diabetic microvascular disease (White's classes B to FR) versus non-diabetic controls. Am J Perinatol. 1998; 15: 549-55

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Atterbury, J. L., Groome, L. J. Pregnancy in women with spinal cord injuries. Nurs Clin North Am. 1998 Dec; 33: 603-13

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Mabie, W. C., Barton, J. R., Sibai, B. Septic shock in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Oct; 90: 553-61

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Schumacher, S., Fichtner, J., Stein, R., Wiedemann, A., Hohenfellner, R. Pregnancy after Mainz pouch urinary diversion. J Urol. 1997 Oct; 158: 1362-4

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Ventura, J. E., Villa, M., Mizraji, R., Ferreiros, R. Acute renal failure in pregnancy. Ren Fail. 1997 Mar; 19: 217-20

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al Shohaib, S. Pregnancy and renal transplant. Nephron. 1996; 74: 485

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Hoskins, R. E. Zygosity as a risk factor for complications and outcomes of twin pregnancy. Acta Genet Med Gemellol (Roma). 1995; 44: 11-23

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Hutton, K. A., Thomas, D. F. Pre-natal diagnosis of posterior urethral valves in siblings. Br J Urol. 1994 Jun; 73: 718-9

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Smellie, J. M., Poulton, A., Prescod, N. P. Retrospective study of children with renal scarring associated with reflux and urinary infection. BMJ. 1994 May 7; 308: 1193-6

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Kenda, R. B., Zupancic, Z. Ultrasound screening of older asymptomatic siblings of children with vesicoureteral reflux: is it beneficial?. Pediatr Radiol. 1994; 24: 14-6

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Buonomo, C., Treves, S. T., Jones, B., Summerville, D., Bauer, S., Retik, A. Silent renal damage in symptomfree siblings of children with vesicoureteral reflux: assessment with technetium Tc 99m dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy. J Pediatr. 1993 May; 122: 721-3

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Schulman, S. L., Snyder, H. M., 3rd Vesicoureteral reflux and reflux nephropathy in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1993 Apr; 5: 191-7

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Noe, H. N., Wyatt, R. J., Peeden, J. N., Jr., Rivas, M. L. The transmission of vesicoureteral reflux from parent to child. J Urol. 1992 Dec; 148: 1869-71

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Noe, H. N. The long-term results of prospective sibling reflux screening. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 1739-42

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Kumar, V., Ramesh, D., Rao, M. S. Counselling concerns as related to familial vesico-ureteral reflux in two siblings. Indian J Pediatr. 1992 Jul-Aug; 59: 544-7

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Uehling, D. T., Vlach, R. E., Pauli, R. M., Friedman, A. L. Vesicoureteric reflux in sibships. Br J Urol. 1992 May; 69: 534-7

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Peeden, J. N., Jr., Noe, H. N. Is it practical to screen for familial vesicoureteral reflux within a private pediatric practice?. Pediatrics. 1992 Apr; 89: 758-60

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Kenda, R. B., Fettich, J. J. Vesicoureteric reflux and renal scars in asymptomatic siblings of children with reflux. Arch Dis Child. 1992 Apr; 67: 506-8

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Frazier, H. A., 2nd, Gearhart, J. P. Familial reflux: vesicoureteral reflux in all siblings of a family. Urology. 1991 Nov; 38: 453-6

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Kenda, R. B., Kenig, T., Budihna, N. Detecting vesico-ureteral reflux in asymptomatic siblings of children with reflux by direct radionuclide cystography. Eur J Pediatr. 1991 Aug; 150: 735-7

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Arant, B. S., Jr. Vesicoureteric reflux and renal injury. Am J Kidney Dis. 1991 May; 17: 491-511

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Sahin, A., Ergen, A., Balbay, D., Basar, I., Ozen, H., Remzi, D. Screening of asymptomatic siblings of patients with vesicoureteral reflux. Int Urol Nephrol. 1991; 23: 437-40

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Noe, H. N. The relationship of sibling reflux to index patient dysfunctional voiding. J Urol. 1988 Jul; 140: 119-20

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Van den Abbeele, A. D., Treves, S. T., Lebowitz, R. L., Bauer, S., Davis, R. T., Retik, A., Colodny, A. Vesicoureteral reflux in asymptomatic siblings of patients with known reflux: radionuclide cystography. Pediatrics. 1987 Jan; 79: 147-53

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Atwell, J. D. Familial pelviureteric junction hydronephrosis and its association with a duplex pelvicaliceal system and vesicoureteric reflux. A family study. Br J Urol. 1985 Aug; 57: 365-9

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Atwell, J. D., Allen, N. H. The interrelationship between paraureteric diverticula, vesicoureteric reflux and duplication of the pelvicaliceal collecting system: a family study. Br J Urol. 1980 Aug; 52: 269-73

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Atwell, J. D., Cook, P. L., Strong, L., Hyde, I. The interrelationship between vesico-ureteric reflux, trigonal abnormalities and a bifid pelvicalyceal collecting system: a family study. Br J Urol. 1977 Apr; 49: 97-107

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Bredin, H. C., Winchester, P., McGovern, J. H., Degnan, M. Family study of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1975 May; 113: 623-5

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Roberts, J. A. Norwich-Eaton lectureship. Pathogenesis of nonobstructive urinary tract infections in children. J Urol. 1990 Aug; 144: 475-9; discussion 480

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Scott, J. E. Fetal ureteric reflux: a follow-up study. Br J Urol. 1993 Apr; 71: 481-3

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Crabbe, D. C., Thomas, D. F., Gordon, A. C., Irving, H. C., Arthur, R. J., Smith, S. E. Use of 99mtechnetiumdimercaptosuccinic acid to study patterns of renal damage associated with prenatally detected vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1992 Oct; 148: 1229-31

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Jungers, P., Houillier, P., Forget, D. Reflux nephropathy and pregnancy. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1987 Dec; 1: 955-69

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Jungers, P., Forget, D., Houillier, P., Henry-Amar, M., Grunfeld, J. P. Pregnancy in IgA nephropathy, reflux nephropathy, and focal glomerular sclerosis. Am J Kidney Dis. 1987 Apr; 9: 334-8

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Meizner, I., Bar-Ziv, J. Fetal hydronephrosis and polyhydramnios associated with vesico-ureteral reflux. J Clin Ultrasound. 1985 Nov-Dec; 13: 693-4

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Scherz, H. C., Downs, T. M., Caesar, R. The selective use of dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scans in children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1994 Aug; 152: 628-31

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Wallin, L., Bajc, M. The significance of vesicoureteric reflux on kidney development assessed by dimercaptosuccinate renal scintigraphy. Br J Urol. 1994 Jun; 73: 607-11

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Marra, G., Barbieri, G., Dell'Agnola, C. A., Caccamo, M. L., Castellani, M. R., Assael, B. M. Congenital renal damage associated with primary vesicoureteral reflux detected prenatally in male infants. J Pediatr. 1994 May; 124: 726-30

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Preston, A. A. Imaging strategies and discussion of vesicoureteric reflux as a risk factor in the evaluation of urinary tract infection in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1994 Apr; 6: 178-82

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De Sadeleer, C., De Boe, V., Keuppens, F., Desprechins, B., Verboven, M., Piepsz, A. How good is technetium99m mercaptoacetyltriglycine indirect cystography?. Eur J Nucl Med. 1994 Mar; 21: 223-7

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Hinchliffe, S. A., Kreczy, A., Ciftci, A. O., Chan, Y. F., Judd, B. A., van Velzen, D. Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis in children with reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Pathol. 1994 Mar-Apr; 14: 327-38

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Marra, G., Barbieri, G., Moioli, C., Assael, B. M., Grumieri, G., Caccamo, M. L. Mild fetal hydronephrosis indicating vesicoureteric reflux. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 1994 Mar; 70: F147-9; discussion 149-50

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Aprile, C., Saponaro, R., Di Maio, D., Beluffi, G., Chiari, G., Ruggiero, R., Cannizzaro, G., Avolio, L. Cortical kidney scan evaluation in the follow-up of children with vesico-ureteric reflux. J Nucl Biol Med. 1994 Mar; 38: 8995

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Winberg, J. Management of primary vesico-ureteric reflux in children--operation ineffective in preventing progressive renal damage. Infection. 1994; 22 Suppl 1: S4-7

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Flack, C. E., Bellinger, M. F. The multicystic dysplastic kidney and contralateral vesicoureteral reflux: protection of the solitary kidney. J Urol. 1993 Dec; 150: 1873-4

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Kriss, V. M., Strife, J. L. Vesicoureteral reflux of air simulating nephrolithiasis on sonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1993 Sep; 12: 549-51

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Blane, C. E., DiPietro, M. A., Zerin, J. M., Sedman, A. B., Bloom, D. A. Renal sonography is not a reliable screening examination for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1993 Aug; 150: 752-5

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Eggli, D. F., Tulchinsky, M. Scintigraphic evaluation of pediatric urinary tract infection. Semin Nucl Med. 1993 Jul; 23: 199-218

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Kopp, C., Greenfield, S. P. Effects of neurogenic bladder dysfunction in utero seen in neonates with myelodysplasia. Br J Urol. 1993 Jun; 71: 739-42

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Ring, E., Petritsch, P., Riccabona, M., Haim-Kuttnig, M., Vilits, P., Rauchenwald, M., Fueger, G. Primary vesicoureteral reflux in infants with a dilated fetal urinary tract. Eur J Pediatr. 1993 Jun; 152: 523-5

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Jee, L. D., Rickwood, A. M., Williams, M. P., Anderson, P. A. Experience with duplex system anomalies detected by prenatal ultrasonography. J Urol. 1993 Apr; 149: 808-10

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Zerin, J. M., Ritchey, M. L., Chang, A. C. Incidental vesicoureteral reflux in neonates with antenatally detected hydronephrosis and other renal abnormalities. Radiology. 1993 Apr; 187: 157-60

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Kullendorff, C. M., Wallin, L. DMSA scintigraphy in renal duplex system. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Apr; 3: 83-6

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Bhatti, H. A., Khattak, H., Boston, V. E. Efficacy and causes of failure of endoscopic subureteric injection of Teflon in the treatment of primary vesicoureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1993 Feb; 71: 221-5

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West, W., Venugopal, S. The low frequency of reflux in Jamaican children. Pediatr Radiol. 1993; 23: 591-3

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Elder, J. S. Commentary: importance of antenatal diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 17504

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Burge, D. M., Griffiths, M. D., Malone, P. S., Atwell, J. D. Fetal vesicoureteral reflux: outcome following conservative postnatal management. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 1743-5

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Bailey, R. R., Lynn, K. L., Smith, A. H. Long-term followup of infants with gross vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 1709-11

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Hinchliffe, S. A., Chan, Y. F., Jones, H., Chan, N., Kreczy, A., van Velzen, D. Renal hypoplasia and postnatally acquired cortical loss in children with vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 1992 Sep; 6: 439-44

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Monfort, G., Guys, J. M., Coquet, M., Roth, K., Louis, C., Bocciardi, A. Surgical management of duplex ureteroceles. J Pediatr Surg. 1992 May; 27: 634-8

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Smellie, J. M., Tamminen-Mobius, T., Olbing, H., Claesson, I., Wikstad, I., Jodal, U., Seppanen, U. Five-year study of medical or surgical treatment in children with severe reflux: radiological renal findings. The International Reflux Study in Children. Pediatr Nephrol. 1992 May; 6: 223-30

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Avni, E. F., Gallety, E., Rypens, F., Hall, M., Dedeire, S., Schulman, C. C. A hypothesis for the higher incidence of vesico-ureteral reflux and primary megaureters in male babies. Pediatr Radiol. 1992; 22: 1-4

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Stutley, J. E., Gordon, I. Vesico-ureteric reflux in the damaged non-scarred kidney. Pediatr Nephrol. 1992 Jan; 6: 25-9

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Scott, J. E., Lee, R. E., Hunter, E. W., Coulthard, M. G., Matthews, J. N. Ultrasound screening of newborn urinary tract. Lancet. 1991 Dec 21-28; 338: 1571-3

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Gleeson, F. V., Gordon, I. Imaging in urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1991 Nov; 66: 1282-3

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Majd, M., Rushton, H. G., Jantausch, B., Wiedermann, B. L. Relationship among vesicoureteral reflux, Pfimbriated Escherichia coli, and acute pyelonephritis in children with febrile urinary tract infection. J Pediatr. 1991 Oct; 119: 578-85

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Anderson, P. A., Rickwood, A. M. Features of primary vesicoureteric reflux detected by prenatal sonography. Br J Urol. 1991 Mar; 67: 267-71

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Browne, G., Lillystone, D. Renal disease presenting as severe unremitting colic. Med J Aust. 1991 Jan 21; 154: 93-4

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Fryczkowski, M., Maruszewska, J., Paradysz, A., Maruszewski, W. Evaluation of the course of pregnancy, delivery and the condition of the newborn infant in women operated on for vesicoureteral reflux in childhood. Int Urol Nephrol. 1991; 23: 231-6

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Levin, T. L., Abramson, S. J., Burbige, K. A., Connor, J. P., Ruzal-Shapiro, C., Berdon, W. E. Salt losing nephropathy simulating congenital adrenal hyperplasia in infants with obstructive uropathy and/or vesicoureteral reflux--value of ultrasonography in diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol. 1991; 21: 413-5

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Holland, N. H., Jackson, E. C., Kazee, M., Conrad, G. R., Ryo, U. Y. Relation of urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux to scars: follow-up of thirty-eight patients. J Pediatr. 1990 May; 116: S65-71

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Marshall, J. L., Johnson, N. D., De Campo, M. P. Vesicoureteric reflux in children: prediction with color Doppler imaging. Work in progress. Radiology. 1990 May; 175: 355-8

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Gordon, A. C., Thomas, D. F., Arthur, R. J., Irving, H. C., Smith, S. E. Prenatally diagnosed reflux: a follow-up study. Br J Urol. 1990 Apr; 65: 407-12

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Najmaldin, A., Burge, D. M., Atwell, J. D. Fetal vesicoureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1990 Apr; 65: 403-6

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Najmaldin, A., Burge, D. M., Atwell, J. D. Reflux nephropathy secondary to intrauterine vesicoureteric reflux. J Pediatr Surg. 1990 Apr; 25: 387-90

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Fernbach, S. K., Feinstein, K. A., Zaontz, M. R. Urinoma formation in posterior urethral valves: relationship to later renal function. Pediatr Radiol. 1990; 20: 543-5

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Ben-Ami, T., Sinai, L., Hertz, M., Boichis, H. Vesicoureteral reflux in boys: review of 196 cases. Radiology. 1989 Dec; 173: 681-4

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Aggarwal, V. K., Verrier Jones, K. Vesicoureteric reflux: screening of first degree relatives. Arch Dis Child. 1989 Nov; 64: 1538-41

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Jequier, S., Jequier, J. C. Reliability of voiding cystourethrography to detect reflux. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 Oct; 153: 807-10

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Belman, A. B., Skoog, S. J. Nonsurgical approach to the management of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1989 Aug; 8: 556-9

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Dejter, S. W., Jr., Gibbons, M. D. The fate of infant kidneys with fetal hydronephrosis but initially normal postnatal sonography. J Urol. 1989 Aug; 142: 661-2; discussion 667-8

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Leighton, D. M., Mayne, V. Obstruction in the refluxing urinary tract--a common phenomenon. Clin Radiol. 1989 May; 40: 271-3

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Uehling, D. T., Bruskewitz, R. C. Initiation of vesicoureteral reflux after heminephrectomy for ureterocele. Urology. 1989 Apr; 33: 302-4

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Gupta, A., Chugh, K. S. Reflux nephropathy--pathogenetic aspects. J Assoc Physicians India. 1989 Mar; 37: 199200

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Alon, U., Berant, M., Pery, M. Intravenous pyelography in children with urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatrics. 1989 Mar; 83: 332-6

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Paltiel, H. J., Lebowitz, R. L. Neonatal hydronephrosis due to primary vesicoureteral reflux: trends in diagnosis and treatment. Radiology. 1989 Mar; 170: 787-9

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Vaid, Y. N., Lebowitz, R. L. Urosepsis in infants with vesicoureteral reflux masquerading as the salt-losing type of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Pediatr Radiol. 1989; 19: 548-50

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Nielsen, O. H., Thorup, J. Problems in severe bilateral urinary tract anomalies. Prog Pediatr Surg. 1989; 23: 81-5

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Decter, R. M., Roth, D. R., Gonzales, E. T., Jr. Vesicoureteral reflux in boys. J Urol. 1988 Nov; 140: 1089-91

19740

Rittenberg, M. H., Hulbert, W. C., Snyder, H. M., 3rd, Duckett, J. W. Protective factors in posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 1988 Nov; 140: 993-6

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Pinter, A. B., Jaszai, V., Dober, I. Medical treatment of vesicoureteral reflux detected in infancy. J Urol. 1988 Jul; 140: 121-4

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Shimada, K., Matsui, T., Arima, M., Ikoma, F. Clinical analysis of the small kidney associated with VUR. Int Urol Nephrol. 1988; 20: 231-8

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Nancarrow, P. A., Lebowitz, R. L. Primary vesicoureteral reflux in blacks with posterior urethral valves: does it occur?. Pediatr Radiol. 1988; 19: 31-5

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Coupris, L. Antibiotic prophylaxis for surgery after vesico-ureteral reflux in children. Drugs. 1988; 35 Suppl 2: 1547

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Diamond, T., Boston, V. E. The natural history of vesicoureteric reflux in children with neuropathic bladder and open neural tube defects. Z Kinderchir. 1987 Dec; 42 Suppl 1: 15-6

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Schulman, C. C., Simon, J., Pamart, D., Avni, F. E. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children. J Urol. 1987 Oct; 138: 950-2

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Monsour, M., Azmy, A. F., MacKenzie, J. R. Renal scarring secondary to vesicoureteric reflux. Critical assessment and new grading. Br J Urol. 1987 Oct; 60: 320-4

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Prospective trial of operative versus non-operative treatment of severe vesicoureteric reflux in children: five years' observation. Birmingham Reflux Study Group. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1987 Jul 25; 295: 237-41

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Lerner, G. R., Fleischmann, L. E., Perlmutter, A. D. Reflux nephropathy. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1987 Jun; 34: 747-70

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Scott, J. E. Fetal ureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1987 Apr; 59: 291-6

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Bell, F. G., Wilkin, T. J., Atwell, J. D. Microproteinuria in children with vesicoureteric reflux. Br J Urol. 1986 Dec; 58: 605-9

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Ginalski, J. M., Michaud, A., Genton, N. Follow-up of renal morphology and growth of 141 children operated for vesicoureteral reflux: a retrospective computerized study. J Pediatr Surg. 1986 Aug; 21: 697-701

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Sidi, A. A., Peng, W., Gonzalez, R. Vesicoureteral reflux in children with myelodysplasia: natural history and results of treatment. J Urol. 1986 Jul; 136: 329-31

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Noetzel, M. J., Rioux, S. D. Pseudotumor cerebri associated with obstructive nephropathy. Pediatr Neurol. 1986 Jul-Aug; 2: 238-40

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Bloom, D. A., Bennett, C. J. Nonoperative management of vesicoureteral reflux. Semin Urol. 1986 May; 4: 74-81

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Hellstrom, M., Hjalmas, K., Jacobsson, B., Jodal, U. Ureteral diameter in low-risk vesicoureteral reflux in infancy and childhood. Acta Radiol Diagn (Stockh). 1986 Jan-Feb; 27: 77-83

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Rizzoni, G., Perale, R., Bui, F., Pitter, M., Pavanello, L., Boscolo, R., Passerini Glazel, G., Macri, C. Radionuclide voiding cystography in intrarenal reflux detection. Ann Radiol (Paris). 1986; 29: 415-20

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Mininberg, D. T. Urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux in children: a review and management plan. Semin Urol. 1985 Nov; 3: 287-300

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Reuter, K. L., Lebowitz, R. L. Massive vesicoureteral reflux mimicking posterior urethral valves in a fetus. J Clin Ultrasound. 1985 Oct; 13: 584-7

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Becker, G. J. Reflux nephropathy. Aust N Z J Med. 1985 Oct; 15: 668-76

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Glassberg, K. I., Laungani, G., Wasnick, R. J., Waterhouse, K. Transverse ureteral advancement technique of ureteroneocystostomy (Cohen reimplant) and a modification for difficult cases (experience with 121 ureters). J Urol. 1985 Aug; 134: 304-7

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Mathieu, H., Loirat, C., Macher, M. A., Weisgerber, G., Guedeney, J., Pillion, G., Guesnu, M. Long-term outcome of children with malformative uropathies. Int J Pediatr Nephrol. 1985 Jan-Mar; 6: 3-12

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Urrutia, E. J., Lebowitz, R. L. Relationship between hair/eye color and primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. Urol Radiol. 1985; 7: 23-4

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Dinkel, E., Dittrich, M., Peters, H., Alzen, G., Walz, P., Ney, C., Schulte-Wissermann, H., Weitzel, D. Sonographic biometry in obstructive uropathy of children: preoperative diagnosis and postoperative monitoring. Urol Radiol. 1985; 7: 1-7

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Patel, M. R., Mooppan, M. M., Kim, H. Subcapsular urinoma: unusual form of page kidney in newborn. Urology. 1984 Jun; 23: 585-7

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Burbige, K. A., Lebowitz, R. L., Colodny, A. H., Bauer, S. B., Retik, A. B. The megacystis-megaureter syndrome. J Urol. 1984 Jun; 131: 1133-6

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Eklof, O., Elle, B., Thonell, S. Pseudotumour of the kidney secondary to posterior urethral valves: the role of renal backflow and perirenal extravasation. Pediatr Radiol. 1984; 14: 215-9

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Rickard, M., Whitaker, R. H. Pelviureteric junction obstruction in association with severe vesicoureteric reflux: a diagnostic dilemma. Urol Radiol. 1984; 6: 1-6

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Whitaker, R. H. Vesicoureteric reflux--a modern approach. Turk J Pediatr. 1984; 26: 187-90

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Schneider, K., Jablonski, C., Wiessner, M., Kohn, M., Fendel, H. Screening for vesicoureteral reflux in children using real-time sonography. Pediatr Radiol. 1984; 14: 400-3

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Greenfield, S. P., Hensle, T. W., Berdon, W. E., Wigger, H. J. Unilateral vesicoureteral reflux and unilateral nonfunctioning kidney associated with posterior urethral valves--a syndrome?. J Urol. 1983 Oct; 130: 733-8

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Feins, N. R., O'Connor, J. F., Cranley, W. R., Lee, R. Persistent incompetence of the cervix in female infants with congenital abnormalities of the pelvic viscera and perineum. J Pediatr Surg. 1983 Aug; 18: 457-61

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Narasimharao, K. L., Prasad, G. R., Mukhopadhyay, B., Katariya, S., Mitra, S. K., Pathak, I. C. Vesicoureteric reflux in neonates with anorectal anomalies. Br J Urol. 1983 Jun; 55: 268-70

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Remzi, D., Ozen, H. Surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Int Urol Nephrol. 1983; 15: 323-6

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Hoover, D. L., Duckett, J. W., Jr. Posterior urethral valves, unilateral reflux and renal dysplasia: a syndrome. J Urol. 1982 Nov; 128: 994-7

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Henkel, H. B., Samuel, D., Lascari, A. D., Collins, J. G., Texter, J. H. Clinicopathological conference. Urethral valves and ureterovesical reflux associated with unsuspected findings in a nonfunctioning kidney. J Urol. 1982 Oct; 128: 788-91

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Bauer, S. B., Colodny, A. H., Retik, A. B. The management of vesicoureteral reflux in children with myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1982 Jul; 128: 102-5

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Reifferscheid, P., Feller, A. M., Flach, A. Intrarenal reflux--clinical and preliminary experimental findings. Klin Padiatr. 1982 May-Jun; 194: 154-7

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Pompino, H. J., Kocabasoglu, U. Renal growth and operative correction of severe vesicoureteral reflux in children. Klin Padiatr. 1982 May-Jun; 194: 140-4

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Hanna, M. K. Recent advances and further experience with surgical techniques for one-stage total remodeling of massively dilated ureters. Urology. 1982 May; 19: 495-504

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Hodson, C. J., Cotran, R. S. Reflux nephropathy. Hosp Pract (Hosp Ed). 1982 Apr; 17: 133-5, 138-41, 148-56

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Woods, C., Atwell, J. D. Vesico-ureteric reflux in the neuropathic bladder with particular reference to the development of renal scarring. Eur Urol. 1982; 8: 23-8

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Hanna, M. K. Early surgical correction of massive refluxing megaureter in babies by total ureteral reconstruction and reimplantation. Urology. 1981 Dec; 18: 562-6

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Pinckney, L. E., Currarino, G., Weinberg, A. G. Parenchymal reflux in renal dysplasia. Radiology. 1981 Dec; 141: 681-6

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Smellie, J. M., Edwards, D., Normand, I. C., Prescod, N. Effect of vesicoureteric reflux on renal growth in children with urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1981 Aug; 56: 593-600

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Medical versus surgical treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux: report of the International Reflux Study Committee. Pediatrics. 1981 Mar; 67: 392-400

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Wikstad, I., Aperia, A., Broberger, O., Lohr, G. Long-time effect of large vesicoureteral reflux with or without urinary tract infection. Acta Radiol Diagn (Stockh). 1981; 22: 325-30

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Ambrose, S. S., Parrott, T. S., Woodard, J. R., Campbell, W. G., Jr. Observations on the small kidney associated with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1980 Mar; 123: 349-51

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Rickwood, A. M., Spitz, L. Primary vesicoureteric reflux in neonates with imperforate anus. Arch Dis Child. 1980 Feb; 55: 149-50

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Laurin, S., Mortensson, W. Variations in vesicoureteral reflux. Influence on diagnostic validity. Acta Radiol Diagn (Stockh). 1980; 21: 269-73

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Cremin, B. J. Observations on vesico-ureteric reflux and intrarenal reflux: a review and survey of material. Clin Radiol. 1979 Nov; 30: 607-21

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Johnston, J. H. Vesicoureteric reflux with urethral valves. Br J Urol. 1979 Apr; 51: 100-104

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Belloli, G. P., Musi, L., Campobasso, P., Cattaneo, A. Ureteral reimplantation in children with neurogenic bladder. J Pediatr Surg. 1979 Apr; 14: 119-27

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Ambrose, S. S., Parrott, T. S., Woodard, J. R., Campbell, W. G., Jr. Observations on the small kidney associated with vesicoureteral reflux. Trans Am Assoc Genitourin Surg. 1979; 71: 144-5

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Ransley, P. G., Risdon, R. A. The pathogenesis of reflux nephropathy. Contrib Nephrol. 1979; 16: 90-7

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Moffat, D. B., Laurence, K. M. The patho-morphology of intrarenal reflux. Contrib Nephrol. 1979; 16: 78-82

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Fay, J. Reflux and urinary obstruction: how damage to the child can show up later. Nurs Mirror. 1978 Oct 5; 147: 41-4

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Ahmed, S., Smith, A. J. Results of ureteral reimplantation in patients with intrarenal reflux. J Urol. 1978 Sep; 120: 332-5

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Ransley, P. G. Vesicoureteric reflux: continuing surgical dilemma. Urology. 1978 Sep; 12: 246-55

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Wacksman, J., Anderson, E. E., Glenn, J. F. Management of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1978 Jun; 119: 814-6

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Ibsen, K. K., Uldall, P., Frokjaer, O. The growth of the kidneys in children with vesicoureteric reflux. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1977 Nov; 66: 741-4

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Edwards, D., Normand, I. C., Prescod, N., Smellie, J. M. Disappearance of vesicoureteric reflux during long-term prophylaxis of urinary tract infection in children. Br Med J. 1977 Jul 30; 2: 285-8

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Kuhns, L. R., Hernandez, R., Koff, S., Thornbury, J. R., Poznanski, A. K., Holt, J. F. Absence of vesico-ureteral reflux in children with ureteral jets. Radiology. 1977 Jul; 124: 185-7

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Winterborn, M. H., Beetham, R., White, R. H. Comparison of plasma disappearance and standard clearance techniques for measuring glomerular filtration rate in children with and without vesico-ureteric reflux. Clin Nephrol. 1977 Jun; 7: 262-70

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Currie, D. P. Surgical treatment of reflux in completely duplicated ureters. South Med J. 1976 Nov; 69: 1450-2

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Teele, R. L., Lebowitz, R. L., Colodny, A. H. Reflux into the unused ureter. J Urol. 1976 Mar; 115: 310-3

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Smellie, J. M., Normand, I. C. Bacteriuria, reflux, and renal scarring. Arch Dis Child. 1975 Aug; 50: 581-5

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Rolleston, G. L., Shannon, F. T., Utley, W. L. Follow-up of vesico-ureteric reflux in the newborn. Kidney Int Suppl. 1975 Aug; 4: S59-64

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Puchner, P. J., Santulli, T. V., Lattimer, J. K. Urologic problems associated with imperforate anus. Urology. 1975 Aug; 6: 205-8

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Magnus, R. V. Vesicoureteral reflux in babies with myelomeningocele. J Urol. 1975 Jul; 114: 122-5

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Levitt, S. B., Sandler, H. J. The absence of vesicoureteral reflux in the neonate with myelodysplasia. J Urol. 1975 Jul; 114: 118-21

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Brent, L., Stephens, F. D. A quantitative study of smooth muscle cells in reflux, obstructed, and triad bladders. A preliminary report;. Invest Urol. 1975 May; 12: 503-8

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Johnston, J. H., Farkas, A. The congenital refluxing megaureter: experiences with surgical reconstruction. Br J Urol. 1975 Apr; 47: 153-9

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Weinerth, J. L., Glenn, J. F. Vesicoureteral reflux: etiology, significance, and management. N C Med J. 1975 Apr; 36: 223-5

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Rose, J. S., Glassberg, K. I., Waterhouse, K. Intrarenal reflux and its relationship to renal scarring. J Urol. 1975 Mar; 113: 400-3

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Booth, E. J., Bell, T. E., McLain, C., Evans, A. T. Fetal vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1975 Feb; 113: 258-60

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Manley, C. B., Ferrell, J. M. Management of ureteral obstruction after an antireflux operation: triangular flap ureteroplasty. J Urol. 1975 Jan; 113: 121-4

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Dwoskin, J. Y. Management of the massively dilated urinary tract in infants by temporary diversion and singlestage reconstruction. Urol Clin North Am. 1974 Oct; 1: 515-30

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Servadio, C., Nissenkorn, I., Baron, J. Radioisotope cystography using 99mTc sulfur colloid for the detection and study of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1974 Jun; 111: 750-4

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Heale, W. F., Weldon, A. P., Hewstone, A. S. Reflux nephropathy. Presentation of urinary infection in childhood. Med J Aust. 1973 Jun 9; 1: 1138-40

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Bailey, R. R. The relationship of vesico-ureteric reflux to urinary tract infection and chronic pyelonephritis-reflux nephropathy. Clin Nephrol. 1973 May-Jun; 1: 132-41

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Dwoskin, J. Y., Perlmutter, A. D. Vesicoureteral reflux in children: a computerized review. J Urol. 1973 May; 109: 888-90

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Allen, T. D. Modification of the ureteral advancement procedure for vesicoureteral reflux. South Med J. 1973 Mar; 66: 305-7

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Geist, R. W., Antolak, S. J., Jr. The clinical problems of children with sterile ureteral reflux. J Urol. 1972 Aug; 108: 343-6

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Derrick, F. C., Jr. Management of the large, tortuous, adynamic ureter with reflux. J Urol. 1972 Jul; 108: 153-5

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Miyazaki, K. Urological problems in children with spina bifida cystica and sacral defects. Paraplegia. 1972 May; 10: 37-43

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Kiviat, M. D., Shurtleff, D., Ansell, J. S. Urinary reflux via the vas deferens: unusual cause of epididymitis in infancy. J Pediatr. 1972 Mar; 80: 476-9

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Sober, I. Pelvioureterostomy-en-Y. J Urol. 1972 Mar; 107: 473-5

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Kelalis, P. P. Proper perspective on vesicoureteral reflux. Mayo Clin Proc. 1971 Dec; 46: 807-18

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Johnston, J. H., Heal, M. R. Reflux in complete duplicated ureters in children: management and techniques. J Urol. 1971 Jun; 105: 881-7

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Cussen, L. J. Vesicoureteral reflux in children. Frequency and associated urologic abnormalities. Invest Urol. 1971 May; 8: 640-4

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Arap, S., Cabral, A. D., De Campos Freire, J. G., Gregoir, W., Van Regemorter, G. The extra-vesical antireflux plasty. Statistical analysis. Urol Int. 1971; 26: 241-51

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Edelbrock, H. H., Mickelson, J. C. Selection of children for vesicoureteroplasty. J Urol. 1970 Aug; 104: 342-5

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Shopfner, C. E. Vesicoureteral reflux. Five-year re-evaluation. Radiology. 1970 Jun; 95: 637-48

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Shopfner, C. E. Urinary tract pathology with sepsis. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1970 Mar; 108: 632-40

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Rolleston, G. L., Shannon, F. T., Utley, W. L. Relationship of infantile vesicoureteric reflux to renal damage. Br Med J. 1970 Feb 21; 1: 460-3

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Silber, I., Mcalister, W. H. Longitudinal folds as an indirect sign of vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 1970 Jan; 103: 8991

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Govan, D. E., Palmer, J. M. Urinary tract infection in children. The influence of successful antireflux operations in morbidity from infection. Pediatrics. 1969 Nov; 44: 677-84

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Robertson, A. The cinecystogram and reflux during childhood. Australas Radiol. 1967 Nov; 11: 311-53

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Jensen, J., Pedersen, L. M., Nielsen, O. H. Micturition-cysto-urethrography in infancy and childhood. Dan Med Bull. 1967 Apr; 14: 71-6

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Peters, P. C., Johnson, D. E., Jackson, J. H., Jr. The incidence of vesicoureteral reflux in the premature child. J Urol. 1967 Feb; 97: 259-60

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Lattimer, J. K. How to select the proper treatment for the child with reflux. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1967 Feb; 43: 99111

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McGovern, J. H., Marshall, V. F. Reimplantation of ureters into the bladders of children. Trans Am Assoc Genitourin Surg. 1967; 59: 116-8

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Woodard, J. R. The role of vesicoureteral reflux in urinary tract infections. J Med Assoc Ga. 1967 Jan; 56: 5-7

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Hodson, C. J. The kidneys in urinary infection. Proc R Soc Med. 1966 May; 59: 416-7

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Abrams, H. J., Joshi, D. P., Neier, C. R. Intrauterine urinary retention and electrolyte imbalance secondary to cowper's gland cyst. J Urol. 1966 Apr; 95: 565-7

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Baker, R., Maxted, W., McCrystal, H., Kelly, T. Unpredictable results associated with treatment of 133 children with ureterorenal reflux. J Urol. 1965 Oct; 94: 362-75

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O'Donnell, B., Puri, P. Treatment of vesicoureteric reflux by endoscopic injection of Teflon. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 Jul 7; 289: 7-9

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Peppas, D. S., Skoog, S. J., Canning, D. A., Belman, A. B. Nonsurgical management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in complete ureteral duplication: is it justified?. J Urol. 1991 Dec; 146: 1594-5

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Husmann, D. A., Allen, T. D. Resolution of vesicoureteral reflux in completely duplicated systems: fact or fiction?. J Urol. 1991 May; 145: 1022-3

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Lee, P. H., Diamond, D. A., Duffy, P. G., Ransley, P. G. Duplex reflux: a study of 105 children. J Urol. 1991 Aug; 146: 657-9

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Jodal, U., Koskimies, O., Hanson, E., Lohr, G., Olbing, H., Smellie, J., Tamminen-Mobius, T. Infection pattern in children with vesicoureteral reflux randomly allocated to operation or long-term antibacterial prophylaxis. The International Reflux Study in Children. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 1650-2

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Weiss, R., Duckett, J., Spitzer, A. Results of a randomized clinical trial of medical versus surgical management of infants and children with grades III and IV primary vesicoureteral reflux (United States). The International Reflux Study in Children. J Urol. 1992 Nov; 148: 1667-73

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Steffens, J., Stark, E., Haben, B., Treiyer, A. Politano-Leadbetter ureteric reimplantation. BJU Int. 2006 Sep; 98: 695-712

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Canning, D. A. Deflux for vesicoureteral reflux: pro--the case for endoscopic correction. Urology. 2006 Aug; 68: 239-41

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Temiz, Y., Tarcan, T., Onol, F. F., Alpay, H., Simsek, F. The efficacy of Tc99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (TcDMSA) scintigraphy and ultrasonography in detecting renal scars in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Int Urol Nephrol. 2006; 38: 149-52

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Elmore, J. M., Kirsch, A. J., Lyles, R. H., Perez-Brayfield, M. R., Scherz, H. C. New contralateral vesicoureteral reflux following dextranomer/hyaluronic Acid implantation: incidence and identification of a high risk group. J Urol. 2006 Mar; 175: 1097-100; discussion 1100-1

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Bael, A. M., Lax, H., Hirche, H., Hjalms, K., Tamminen-Mobius, T., Van Hoeck, K. M., van Gool, J. D. Reference ranges for cystographic bladder capacity in children-with special attention to vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1596-600

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Vandersteen, D. R., Routh, J. C., Kirsch, A. J., Scherz, H. C., Ritchey, M. L., Shapiro, E., Wolpert, J. J., Pfefferle, H., Reinberg, Y. Postoperative ureteral obstruction after subureteral injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic Acid copolymer. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1593-5

23100

Benoit, R. M., Peele, P. B., Docimo, S. G. The cost-effectiveness of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer for the management of vesicoureteral reflux. 1: substitution for surgical management. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 158892; discussion 1592

23110

Krishnan, A., Swana, H., Mathias, R., Baskin, L. S. Redo ureteroneocystostomy using an extravesical approach in pediatric renal transplant patients with reflux: a retrospective analysis and description of technique. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1582-7; discussion 1587

23120

Lendvay, T. S., Sorensen, M., Cowan, C. A., Joyner, B. D., Mitchell, M. M., Grady, R. W. The evolution of vesicoureteral reflux management in the era of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer: a pediatric health information system database study. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1864-7

23130

Kitchens, D., Minevich, E., DeFoor, W., Reddy, P., Wacksman, J., Sheldon, C., Koyle, M. Endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer to correct vesicoureteral reflux following failed ureteroneocystostomy. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1861-3

23140

Puri, P., Pirker, M., Mohanan, N., Dawrant, M., Dass, L., Colhoun, E. Subureteral dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection as first line treatment in the management of high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1856-9; discussion 1859-60

23150

Lorenzo, A. J., Pippi Salle, J. L., Barroso, U., Cook, A., Grober, E., Wallis, M. C., Bagli, D. J., Khoury, A. E. What are the most powerful determinants of endoscopic vesicoureteral reflux correction? Multivariate analysis of a single institution experience during 6 years. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1851-5

23160

Dawrant, M. J., Mohanan, N., Puri, P. Endoscopic treatment for high grade vesicoureteral reflux in infants. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1847-50

23170

Pirker, M. E., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. Renal scarring in familial vesicoureteral reflux: is prevention possible?. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1842-6; discussion 1846

23180

McMillan, Z. M., Austin, J. C., Knudson, M. J., Hawtrey, C. E., Cooper, C. S. Bladder volume at onset of reflux on initial cystogram predicts spontaneous resolution. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1838-41

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Pirker, M. E., Mohanan, N., Colhoun, E., Barton, D., Green, A., Puri, P. Familial vesicoureteral reflux: influence of sex on prevalence and expression. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1776-80

23200

Boubaker, A., Prior, J. O., Meuwly, J. Y., Bischof-Delaloye, A. Radionuclide investigations of the urinary tract in the era of multimodality imaging. J Nucl Med. 2006 Nov; 47: 1819-36

23210

Murer, L., Benetti, E., Centi, S., Della Vella, M., Artifoni, L., Capizzi, A., Zucchetta, P., Del Prete, D., Carasi, C., Montini, G., Rigamonti, W., Zaccello, G. Clinical and molecular markers of chronic interstitial nephropathy in congenital unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction. J Urol. 2006 Dec; 176: 2668-73; discussion 2673

23220

Onal, B., Kogan, B. A. Natural history of patients with multicystic dysplastic kidney-what followup is needed?. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1607-11

23230

McMann, L. P., Kirsch, A. J., Scherz, H. C., Smith, E. A., Jones, R. A., Shehata, B. M., Kozielski, R., GrattanSmith, J. D. Magnetic resonance urography in the evaluation of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis and renal dysgenesis. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1786-92

23240

Aslam, M., Watson, A. R. Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: long term outcomes. Arch Dis Child. 2006 Oct; 91: 820-3

23250

Friedman, S., Reif, S., Assia, A., Levy, I. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of non-E. coli urinary tract infections. Arch Dis Child. 2006 Oct; 91: 845-6

23260

Salam, M. A. Posterior urethral valve: Outcome of antenatal intervention. Int J Urol. 2006 Oct; 13: 1317-22

23270

Kaneyama, K., Yamataka, A., Someya, T., Itoh, S., Lane, G. J., Miyano, T. Magnetic resonance urographic parameters for predicting the need for pyeloplasty in infants with prenatally diagnosed severe hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2006 Oct; 176: 1781-4; discussion 1784-5

23280

Jodal, U., Smellie, J. M., Lax, H., Hoyer, P. F. Ten-year results of randomized treatment of children with severe vesicoureteral reflux. Final report of the International Reflux Study in Children. Pediatr Nephrol. 2006 Jun; 21: 785-92

23290

Lavelle, M. T.; Conlin, M. J., and Skoog, S. J. Subureteral injection of Deflux for correction of reflux: analysis of factors predicting success.. Urology. 2005 Mar; 65: 564-7

23300

Al-Sayyad, A. J.; Pike, J. G., and Leonard, M. P. Can prophylactic antibiotics safely be discontinued in children with vesicoureteral reflux?. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):: 1587-9; discussion 1589

23310

Ajdinovic, B., Jaukovic, L., Peco-Antic, A., Dugonjic, S. Renal scintigraphy in infants with antenatally diagnosed renal pelvis dilatation. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2008 Apr; 65: 299-302

23320

Elmore, J. M., Kirsch, A. J., Heiss, E. A., Gilchrist, A., Scherz, H. C. Incidence of urinary tract infections in children after successful ureteral reimplantation versus endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid implantation. J Urol. 2008 Jun; 179: 2364-7; discussion 2367-8

23330

Sedberry-Ross, S., Pohl, H. G. Urinary tract infections in children. Curr Urol Rep. 2008 Mar; 9: 165-71

23340

Tsiouris, S., Sioka, C., Marinarou, A., Al-Bokharhli, J., Sionti, I., Fotopoulos, A. Vesicoureteric reflux deterioration in monozygotic twins. Indian J Pediatr. 2008 Mar; 75: 285-7

23350

Salehipour, M., Jalaeian, H., Shirazi, M., Rajabi, M. J. Extravesical seromuscular ureteroneocystostomy: an effective and simple operation for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. Urol Int. 2008; 80: 208-11

23360

Torre, M., Buffa, P., Jasonni, V., Cama, A. Long-term urologic outcome in patients with caudal regression syndrome, compared with meningomyelocele and spinal cord lipoma. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Mar; 43: 530-3

23370

Arena, S., Favaloro, A., Cutroneo, G., Consolo, A., Arena, F., Anastasi, G., Di Benedetto, V. Sarcoglycan subcomplex expression in refluxing ureteral endings. J Urol. 2008 May; 179: 1980-6; discussion 1986

23380

Chi, A., Gupta, A., Snodgrass, W. Urinary tract infection following successful dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection for vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2008 May; 179: 1966-9

23390

Casale, P., Patel, R. P., Kolon, T. F. Nerve sparing robotic extravesical ureteral reimplantation. J Urol. 2008 May; 179: 1987-9; discussion 1990

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23400

Nejat, F., Radmanesh, F., Ansari, S., Tajik, P., Kajbafzadeh, A., El Khashab, M. Spina bifida occulta: is it a predictor of underlying spinal cord abnormality in patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction?. J Neurosurg Pediatrics. 2008 Feb; 1: 114-7

23410

Huang, H. P., Lai, Y. C., Tsai, I. J., Chen, S. Y., Tsau, Y. K. Renal ultrasonography should be done routinely in children with first urinary tract infections. Urology. 2008 Mar; 71: 439-43

23420

Routh, J. C., Kramer, S. A., Inman, B. A., Ashley, R. A., Wolpert, J. J., Vandersteen, D. R., Husmann, D. A., Reinberg, Y. Utility of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection in setting of bladder and ureteral anomalies. Urology. 2008 Mar; 71: 435-8

23430

Williams, G., Fletcher, J. T., Alexander, S. I., Craig, J. C. Vesicoureteral reflux. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 May; 19: 847-62

23440

Ural, Z., Ulman, I., Avanoglu, A. Bladder dynamics and vesicoureteral reflux: factors associated with idiopathic lower urinary tract dysfunction in children. J Urol. 2008 Apr; 179: 1564-7

23450

Bertoli-Avella, A. M., Conte, M. L., Punzo, F., de Graaf, B. M., Lama, G., La Manna, A., Polito, C., Grassia, C., Nobili, B., Rambaldi, P. F., Oostra, B. A., Perrotta, S. ROBO2 gene variants are associated with familial vesicoureteral reflux. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Apr; 19: 825-31

23460

Palmer, L. S. The role of intraoperative cystography following the injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer. J Urol. 2008 Mar; 179: 1118-20; discussion 1121

23470

Routh, J. C., Inman, B. A., Reinberg, Y. Re: Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux associated with paraureteral diverticula in children. W. H. Cerwinka, H. C. Scherz and A. J. Kirsch. J Urol 2007; 178: 1469-1473. J Urol. 2008 Mar; 179: 1205; author reply 1205

23480

Kajiwara, M., Kato, M., Mutaguchi, K., Usui, T. Overactive bladder in children should be strictly differentiated from monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Urol Int. 2008; 80: 57-61

23490

Vachvanichsanong, P., Dissaneewate, P., Thongmak, S., Lim, A. Primary vesicoureteral reflux mediated renal scarring after urinary tract infection in Thai children. Nephrology (Carlton). 2008 Feb; 13: 38-42

23500

Conte, M. L., Bertoli-Avella, A. M., de Graaf, B. M., Punzo, F., Lama, G., La Manna, A., Grassia, C., Rambaldi, P. F., Oostra, B. A., Perrotta, S. A genome search for primary vesicoureteral reflux shows further evidence for genetic heterogeneity. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Apr; 23: 587-95

23510

Galloy, M. A., Guillemin, F., Couture, A., Pracros, J. P., Didier, F., Ducou Le Pointe, H., Pefoubou, Y., Aubert, D., Lortat-Jacob, S., Roederer, T., Claudon, M. Voiding ultrasonography: evaluation of the detection of vesicoureteral reflux based on the review of digital ultrasound clips. Ultraschall Med. 2008 Feb; 29: 53-9

23520

Hayashi, Y., Kato, Y., Okazaki, T., Lane, G. J., Kobayashi, H., Yamataka, A. The effectiveness of ureteric reimplantation during bladder augmentation for high-grade vesicoureteric reflux in patients with neurogenic bladder: long-term outcome. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Dec; 42: 1998-2001

23530

Roussey-Kesler, G., Gadjos, V., Idres, N., Horen, B., Ichay, L., Leclair, M. D., Raymond, F., Grellier, A., Hazart, I., de Parscau, L., Salomon, R., Champion, G., Leroy, V., Guigonis, V., Siret, D., Palcoux, J. B., Taque, S., Lemoigne, A., Nguyen, J. M., Antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children with low grade vesicoureteral reflux: results from a prospective randomized study. J Urol. 2008 Feb; 179: 674-9; discussion 679

23540

Smith, E. A. Pyelonephritis, renal scarring, and reflux nephropathy: a pediatric urologist's perspective. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jan; 38 Suppl 1: S76-82

23550

Schwentner, I., Schwentner, C., Schmutzhard, J., Radmayr, C., Grabher, G., Sprinzl, G., Hofer, S. Validation of the German Glasgow children's benefit inventory. J Eval Clin Pract. 2007 Dec; 13: 942-6

23560

Bauer, R., Kogan, B. A. New developments in the diagnosis and management of pediatric UTIs. Urol Clin North Am. 2008 Feb; 35: 47-58; vi

23570

Shimada, K., Matsumoto, F., Matsui, F. Surgical treatment for ureterocele with special reference to lower urinary tract reconstruction. Int J Urol. 2007 Dec; 14: 1063-7

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Preda, I., Jodal, U., Sixt, R., Stokland, E., Hansson, S. Normal dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy makes voiding cystourethrography unnecessary after urinary tract infection. J Pediatr. 2007 Dec; 151: 581-4, 584.e1

23590

Keren, R. Imaging and treatment strategies for children after first urinary tract infection. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2007 Dec; 19: 705-10

23600

Matsuoka, H., Nakashima, Y., Oshima, K., Tanaka, M. Significance of the renal functional reserve in reflux nephropathy: an evaluation according to the degree of glomerular damage. Ren Fail. 2007; 29: 797-803

23610

Oberson, C., Boubaker, A., Ramseyer, P., Meyrat, B. J., Frey, P. Endoscopic and surgical treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children. Comparative long-term follow-up. Swiss Med Wkly. 2007 Aug 25; 137: 471-5

23620

Piscitelli, A., Galiano, R., Serrao, F., Concolino, D., Vitale, R., D'Ambrosio, G., Pascale, V., Strisciuglio, P. Which cystography in the diagnosis and grading of vesicoureteral reflux?. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Jan; 23: 107-10

23630

Khoury, A. E., Dave, S., Peralta-Del Valle, M. H., Braga, L. H., Lorenzo, A. J., Bagli, D. Severe bladder trabeculation obviates the need for bladder outlet procedures during augmentation cystoplasty in incontinent patients with neurogenic bladder. BJU Int. 2008 Jan; 101: 223-6

23640

Hegi, L. P., Geffken, B. P., Hanimann, B., Sennhauser, F. H. Is there a benefit from routine voiding cystourethrography after ureterocystoneostomy?. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Oct; 17: 344-7

23650

Koyle, M. A., Caldamone, A. A. Part 4: Considerations regarding the medical management of VUR: what have we really learned?. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Sep; 23 Suppl 4: S21-5

23660

Elder, J. S., Shah, M. B., Batiste, L. R., Eaddy, M. Part 3: Endoscopic injection versus antibiotic prophylaxis in the reduction of urinary tract infections in patients with vesicoureteral reflux. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Sep; 23 Suppl 4: S15-20

23670

Hensle, T. W., Hyun, G., Grogg, A. L., Eaddy, M. Part 2: Examining pediatric vesicoureteral reflux: a real-world evaluation of treatment patterns and outcomes. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Sep; 23 Suppl 4: S7-13

23680

Hensle, T. W., Grogg, A. L. Part 1: Vesicoureteral reflux treatment: the past, present, and future. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Sep; 23 Suppl 4: S1-5

23690

Angerri, O., Caffaratti, J., Garat, J. M., Villavicencio, H. Primary obstructive megaureter: initial experience with endoscopic dilatation. J Endourol. 2007 Sep; 21: 999-1004

23700

Chang, S. L., Caruso, T. J., Shortliffe, L. D. Magnetic resonance imaging detected renal volume reduction in refluxing and nonrefluxing kidneys. J Urol. 2007 Dec; 178: 2550-4

23710

Coulthard, M. G. Is reflux nephropathy preventable, and will the NICE childhood UTI guidelines help?. Arch Dis Child. 2008 Mar; 93: 196-9

23720

Kibar, Y., Ors, O., Demir, E., Kalman, S., Sakallioglu, O., Dayanc, M. Results of biofeedback treatment on reflux resolution rates in children with dysfunctional voiding and vesicoureteral reflux. Urology. 2007 Sep; 70: 563-6; discussion 566-7

23730

Iwaki, H., Johnin, K., Kageyama, S., Kim, C. J., Isono, T., Yoshiki, T. Up-regulation of urinary UPIII mRNA levels in vesicoureteral reflux patients: potential application as a screening test for vesicoureteral reflux. Int J Urol. 2007 Oct; 14: 918-23

23740

Doganis, D., Siafas, K., Mavrikou, M., Issaris, G., Martirosova, A., Perperidis, G., Konstantopoulos, A., Sinaniotis, K. Does early treatment of urinary tract infection prevent renal damage?. Pediatrics. 2007 Oct; 120: e922-8

23750

Sulieman, A., Theodorou, K., Vlychou, M., Topaltzikis, T., Kanavou, D., Fezoulidis, I., Kappas, C. Radiation dose measurement and risk estimation for paediatric patients undergoing micturating cystourethrography. Br J Radiol. 2007 Sep; 80: 731-7

23760

Leonardo, C. R., Filgueiras, M. F., Vasconcelos, M. M., Vasconcelos, R., Marino, V. P., Pires, C., Pereira, A. C., Reis, F., Oliveira, E. A., Lima, E. M. Risk factors for renal scarring in children and adolescents with lower urinary tract dysfunction. Pediatr Nephrol. 2007 Nov; 22: 1891-6

23770

Ozel, S. K., Dokumcu, Z., Akyildiz, C., Avanoglu, A., Ulman, I. Factors affecting renal scar development in children with spina bifida. Urol Int. 2007; 79: 133-6

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23780

Arsanjani, A., Alagiri, M. Identification of filling versus voiding reflux as predictor of clinical outcome. Urology. 2007 Aug; 70: 351-4

23790

Sheu, J. N., Chen, M. C., Cheng, S. L., Lee, I. C., Chen, S. M., Tsay, G. J. Urine interleukin-1beta in children with acute pyelonephritis and renal scarring. Nephrology (Carlton). 2007 Oct; 12: 487-93

23800

Knudson, M. J., Austin, J. C., Wald, M., Makhlouf, A. A., Niederberger, C. S., Cooper, C. S. Computational model for predicting the chance of early resolution in children with vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1824-7

23810

Chertin, B., Mohanan, N., Farkas, A., Puri, P. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux associated with ureterocele. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1594-7

23820

Kuroda, S., Solari, V., Puri, P. Association of transforming growth factor-beta1 gene polymorphism with familial vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1650-3

23830

Knudson, M. J., Austin, J. C., McMillan, Z. M., Hawtrey, C. E., Cooper, C. S. Predictive factors of early spontaneous resolution in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1684-8

23840

Chacko, J. K., Koyle, M. A., Mingin, G. C., Furness, P. D., 3rd Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy in the surgical management of the severely dilated ureter in ureteral duplication. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1689-92

23850

Routh, J. C., Reinberg, Y., Ashley, R. A., Inman, B. A., Wolpert, J. J., Vandersteen, D. R., Husmann, D. A., Kramer, S. A. Multivariate comparison of the efficacy of intraureteral versus subtrigonal techniques of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1702-5; discussion 1705-6

23860

Routh, J. C., Ashley, R. A., Sebo, T. J., Vandersteen, D. R., Slezak, J., Reinberg, Y. Histopathological changes associated with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection for pediatric vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1707-10

23870

Menezes, M., Mohanan, N., Haroun, J., Colhoun, E., Puri, P. New contralateral vesicoureteral reflux after endoscopic correction of unilateral reflux--is routine contralateral injection indicated at initial treatment?. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1711-3

23880

Puri, P., Mohanan, N., Menezes, M., Colhoun, E. Endoscopic treatment of moderate and high grade vesicoureteral reflux in infants using dextranomer/hyaluronic acid. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1714-6; discussion 1717

23890

Cerwinka, W. H., Scherz, H. C., Kirsch, A. J. Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux associated with paraureteral diverticula in children. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1469-73

23900

Link, B. A., Slobodov, G., Campbell, J. B., Kropp, B. P. Radiographic changes following excisional tapering and reimplantation of megaureters in childhood: long-term outcome in 46 renal units. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1474-8

23910

Almodhen, F., Capolicchio, J. P., Jednak, R., El Sherbiny, M. Postpubertal urodynamic and upper urinary tract changes in children with conservatively treated myelomeningocele. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178: 1479-82

23920

Marks, S. D., Gordon, I., Tullus, K. Imaging in childhood urinary tract infections: time to reduce investigations. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Jan; 23: 9-17

23930

Hensle, T. W., Grogg, A. L., Eaddy, M. Pediatric vesicoureteral reflux: treatment patterns and outcomes. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2007 Sep; 4: 462-3

23940

Kelly, H., Molony, C. M., Darlow, J. M., Pirker, M. E., Yoneda, A., Green, A. J., Puri, P., Barton, D. E. A genomewide scan for genes involved in primary vesicoureteric reflux. J Med Genet. 2007 Nov; 44: 710-7

23950

Darge, K. Voiding urosonography with US contrast agents for the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux in children. II. Comparison with radiological examinations. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jan; 38: 54-63; quiz 126-7

23960

Polito, C., La Manna, A., Rambaldi, P. F., Valentini, N., Marte, A., Lama, G. Long-term evolution of renal damage associated with unilateral vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2007 Sep; 178: 1043-7; discussion 1047

23970

Barrero, R., Fijo, J., Fernandez-Hurtado, M., Garcia-Merino, F., Leon, E., Torrubia, F. Vesicoureteral reflux after kidney transplantation in children. Pediatr Transplant. 2007 Aug; 11: 498-503

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Tuygun, C., Sertcelik, N., Bakirtas, H., Cakici, H., Cetin, K., Imamoglu, A. M. Usefulness of a new dysfunctional voiding and incontinence scoring system in predicting treatment effect in children with voiding dysfunction. Urol Int. 2007; 79: 76-82

23990

Lin, C. H., Yang, L. Y., Wamg, H. H., Chang, J. W., Shen, M. C., Tang, R. B. Evaluation of imaging studies for vesicoureteral reflux in infants with first urinary tract infection. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 2007 Mar-Apr; 48: 68-72

24000

Sathapornwajana, P., Dissaneewate, P., McNeil, E., Vachvanichsanong, P. Timing of voiding cystourethrogram after urinary tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 2008 Mar; 93: 229-31

24010

Darge, K. Voiding urosonography with ultrasound contrast agents for the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux in children. I. Procedure. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jan; 38: 40-53

24020

Tarcan, T., Tinay, I., Temiz, Y., Simsek, F. Long-term results of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with the sub-ureteric injection of calcium hydroxyapatite. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007; 39: 1011-4

24030

Yim, H. E., Bae, I. S., Yoo, K. H., Hong, Y. S., Lee, J. W. Genetic control of VEGF and TGF-beta1 gene polymorphisms in childhood urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Res. 2007 Aug; 62: 183-7

24040

Arena, F., Arena, S., Paolata, A., Campenni, A., Zuccarello, B., Romeo, G. Is a complete urological evaluation necessary in all newborns with asymptomatic renal ectopia?. Int J Urol. 2007 Jun; 14: 491-5

24050

Merlini, L., Parvex, P., Anooshiravani-Dumont, M., Girardin, E., Hanquinet, S. Postnatal management of isolated mild pelvic dilatation detected in antenatal period. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Aug; 96: 1131-4

24060

Swerkersson, S., Jodal, U., Sixt, R., Stokland, E., Hansson, S. Relationship among vesicoureteral reflux, urinary tract infection and renal damage in children. J Urol. 2007 Aug; 178: 647-51; discussion 650-1

24070

Wadie, G. M., Tirabassi, M. V., Courtney, R. A., Moriarty, K. P. The deflux procedure reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections in patients with vesicoureteral reflux. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2007 Jun; 17: 353-9

24080

Faust, W. C., Pohl, H. G. Role of prophylaxis in vesicoureteral reflux. Curr Opin Urol. 2007 Jul; 17: 252-6

24090

Rossleigh, M. A. Renal infection and vesico-ureteric reflux. Semin Nucl Med. 2007 Jul; 37: 261-8

24100

Piepsz, A. Antenatally detected hydronephrosis. Semin Nucl Med. 2007 Jul; 37: 249-60

24110

Arena, S., Fazzari, C., Arena, F., Scuderi, M. G., Romeo, C., Nicotina, P. A., Di Benedetto, V. Altered 'active' antireflux mechanism in primary vesico-ureteric reflux: a morphological and manometric study. BJU Int. 2007 Aug; 100: 407-12

24120

Lee, S. J., Shim, Y. H., Cho, S. J., Lee, J. W. Probiotics prophylaxis in children with persistent primary vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2007 Sep; 22: 1315-20

24130

Ozcan, C., Ergun, R., Ozbek, S. S., Avanoglu, A., Ulman, I. Bladder ultrasound in the evaluation of the efficacy of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. J Clin Ultrasound. 2007 Sep; 35: 357-62

24140

Giordano, M., Marzolla, R., Puteo, F., Scianaro, L., Caringella, D. A., Depalo, T. Voiding